Premature Baby

A normal pregnancy lasts up to 40 weeks. Any birth that occurs before 37 weeks is termed a premature baby. These babies have developmental defects causing breathing problems, heart problems, temperature control problems, problems associated with brain functioning, metabolism problems, vision impairment, cerebral palsy, etc. Premature delivery can be avoided with progesterone supplements, cervical cerclage, etc.

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My 11-month-old baby is not able to sit. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, My baby is preterm, and the corrected age is 11 months and 6 days. He is still not sitting. When we consulted a doctor, he advised for PT. And he said, we may need to check an MRI after 15 months of age if it persists. What is your advice?  Read Full »

Dr. Deepak Patel

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I can understand your concerns. A child starts to sit without support at 8 months of age and with support at 5 months of age. So, the development is delayed in your child, and the most probable cause for this is preterm birth. The doctor has rightly said that MRI brain ne...  Read Full »

Why did my premature nephew have sudden body swelling while he was a week old?

Query: Hi doctor, My nephew is a premature baby. On the third day, his blood glucose level was decreased to 34. Later, he was admitted and kept under surveillance. His blood test revealed elevated bilirubin level. Four days later, his blood values become normal. On the same day, suddenly there was swellin...  Read Full »

Dr. Veerabhadrudu Kuncham

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Your baby probably has a problem with his kidneys. A urine spot protein to creatinine ratio of more than two usually suggests that your baby is losing a lot of protein through his kidneys called nephrotic range proteinuria. So, the swelling of the body migh...  Read Full »

Are premature babies prone to lung disease as adults?

Query: Hello doctor, I was born premature and required incubation for the first three months of my life. While in an incubator, I received oxygen daily for my lungs. I am now almost 30 years old. I have health anxiety, and worried that I am more susceptible to lung cancer or illness because of my premature...  Read Full »

Dr. Divakara P

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Being premature and being on oxygen for the first few months does increase the risk of lung infection, that too in early years of life. Now you are in 30, and I feel you have crossed the stage where you could have been at risk for infection and not for cancer. I am more ...  Read Full »

How do complete heart blocks occur?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a complete heart block, and I have a pacemaker. Can you please answer these questions for me? 1. How does or how can complete heart blocks occur? Can it be caused by being born at 28 weeks and earlier because the heart is not fully developed? I was born at 28 weeks, and appar...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Answer: Hi, Welcome to 1. There are many causes for heart block such as heart attack, degenerative disease of heart, old age, infection of heart, and certain medicines and congenital heart block. Premature birth is not the cause of heart block. Certain diseases in mothers during pregnancy ca...  Read Full »

What is the recommended age to do surgery for undescended testis?

Query: Hi doctor, My son is 1 year 1 month 11 days old. He was born prematurely at 36 weeks. After birth, his right testis was retractile. The doctor has advised to wait till 1 year. Now, an USG of the testes was done according to the doctor's advice. The report shows that both testes are seen in the ingui...  Read Full »

Dr. Vishrut Narang

Answer: Hi, Welcome to If on clinical examination the diagnosis is retractile testis, then nothing needs to be done we should wait and watch. But, if on clinical examination it is undescended testis, then one should go in for early surgery. Ultrasound is not a reliable investigation in this cas...  Read Full »

My premature baby has failed his hearing test. What to do next?

Query: Hello doctor,I am writing regarding the newborn screening of my baby. He was prematurely born at 29 weeks and spent 40 days in NICU. During his stay, we tested his hearing via OAE method. At first, both the ears did not respond and in the second screening, the left ear was perfect. But, there was ...  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan N

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the files (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The BERA (brainstem evoked response audiometry) report shows a profound hearing loss in the right ear. OAE (otoacoustic emissions) shows an absence of OAE in the right which means the inne...  Read Full »

Will cross-eye in a 5-week-old baby resolve on its own?

Query: Hello doctor, My baby is 5 weeks old. Yesterday, I used a cotton bud to remove an eyelash in the corner of his eye. It was right inside the edge of the eye. I did pull outwards to try and get it out. I did this for about two minutes before it finally came out. The next day his eyes are crossed. Th...  Read Full »

Dr. Arnab Pal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I saw the pictures of your baby (attachment removed to protect patient identity). He is really super cute. Now coming back to your query about your child's eyes, let me assure you god has not made our eyes so weak. Please do not beat yourself up by thinking that suc...  Read Full »

Can Neogain be given in a premature baby having pasty stools?

Query: Hello doctor, My son is 5 months old. His weight is now 5.3 kg. He is premature with birthweight 2.3 kg. I could not breastfeed him. He was on Silmilac. After every feed he used to poop. On his second vaccination, he started getting loose motions. He had almost for 2 weeks. He was then shifted to I...  Read Full »

Dr. Prashant Kumar Singh

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the elaborate history you have given. You did not mention how you were feeding the baby meaning whether it was bottle feeding or spoon feeding, generally if a baby is bottle fed there are high chances of infection due to contamination, good hygi...  Read Full »

What is the chance of survival of premature twins born at 25 weeks?

Query: Hi doctor, I prematurely gave birth to twins on the 18th at 25 weeks and two days. The reason behind it was told to me that my regular gynecologist did not put some closure on my uterus to avoid premature birth, which is a common issue in twins. Mine was a normal delivery. My boy was born at 865 g ...  Read Full »

Dr. Amit Modi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Both your babies are extremely premature as well as extremely low birth weight. The main complication that arises is due to incomplete development of lung. So, immediate surfactant therapy and oxygen support would be required. The next common complication is sepsis....  Read Full »

My baby is suffering from constipation and gas problems after having Dexolac. Can I change formula powder?

Query: Hello doctor, My daughter is a premature baby. Her birth weight was 1.7, and now she is 2 months old and weights 3.1. Our doctor suggested dexolac special care. She is suffering from constipation, and gas problem after having it. The doctor suggested medicines, but there were no changes. One to two...  Read Full »

Dr. Faisal Abdul Karim Malim

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Please note that children below the age of 6 months pass stools either once in two to three days or 10 to 15 times per day. It is normal, and it is not labeled as loose motions or constipation. If you are labeling it as constipation because of hard pellet like stools...  Read Full »

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