Vdrl Test

Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) is a blood test for syphilis developed by a laboratory of the same name. The test detects the presence of antibodies in the blood and so, is used as a screening test.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

What are the reasons for mouth ulcers, sore throat, and canker sore on my gum after having sex with a CSW?

Query: Hello doctor, Please help me. I had sex with a CSW for the first time, two months back. First, we had oral and penetrative sex using a condom. Then we had oral sex without a condom. The first time, the girl helped me put the condom. But later, I put it myself, as it was the first time. I put it bac...  Read Full »


Dr. Suvash Sahu

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your concern. The window period for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can last up to 12 weeks. HIV infection cannot be diagnosed during this period because antibodies to HIV have not developed during this period. The test most commonly used in th...  Read Full »

My urine color remains yellow for a year. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I used to get mouth ulcers and throat infections frequently for one and half month, then my chest, back, and palm started itching. After which, I started getting blood in urine, and burning sensation during urination. My urine color changed to yellow, and it started to smell a lot. I hav...  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your history and complaints are suggestive of UTI (urinary tract infection), either resolved or partially treated. The color of urine is not a factor in deciding the status of the infection. Most people have an inherent tendency for yellow colored urine, which has noth...  Read Full »

Can I have tinnitus due to side effect of AZO?

Query: Hello doctor, I began exhibiting symptoms that I would describe as tinnitus from a week. I get a loud noise or ringing in my left ear, although it also happens in the right ear. One fine day the tinnitus actually went to the other ear (my right ear), my tinnitus since then has not been focused in a...  Read Full »


Dr. Shyam Kalyan N

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. While you have elaborated on your symptoms very meticulously, I still require some more details. Is there any hearing loss? Do you have any fullness of the ear? The tingling feeling, is it permanent? Do you have any giddiness? Any change of ear fullness or tin...  Read Full »

Why is my test still reactive even after taking treatment for syphilis?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 37 year old married female. Five years ago, I got a job offer in abroad. When I had a medical checkup, I was found to be positive for VDRL and TPHA reactive. But, my husband's result was nonreactive. I took medicine as advised by my doctor. Now, when I went for a checkup, again t...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Firstly, VDRL (venereal research laboratory test) test usually becomes negative after successful treatment. However, TPHA - Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay will remain positive throughout life. Positive TPHA just indicates that you have developed antibodies ...  Read Full »

Can genital warts appear above the pubic area?

Query: Hi doctor, Do genital warts appear above the pubic area? I have attached the picture for your reference.  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Genital warts over the pubic area is a common presentation of the advent and use of condoms. As condoms provide protection to the genitalia, the incidence is lower in such sites. However, the skin over the pubic area remains unprotected and can come in contact wit...  Read Full »

Will TB treatment affect my HIV test results?

Query: Hi doctor, I had unprotected sex before 1.5 years. I was in deep mental stress after that with no proper food. After seven months, I got admitted to a hospital with skin rashes, headache and vomitings. Doctors tested and confirmed that I got meningitis TB and given treatment for 10 days. I was asked...  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Unprotected sexual exposure is a risk factor for multiple STDs (sexually transmitted disease), including HIV. However, the risk is quite low ranging from 0.02 to 0.04%. HIV infection has a window period of one to three months during which the test results can be false ...  Read Full »

Can an HIV-negative tested person turn positive after 6 months?

Query: Hello doctor,I have participated in protected intercourse in 2009, and I did not participate with anyone until 2019. Before getting into a relationship in 2019, I have undergone few tests like pre-marital tests, including HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), VDRL (venereal disease research laboratory...  Read Full »


Dr. Kiran Anaparthi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. One episode of the sexual act without a condom is having a chance of 3 times in 10000 sexual acts. So, with condom, it is very low chances of acquiring HIV. There are fewer chances of she is negative. With a condom, you have very low chances of one sexual encounter. ...  Read Full »

What could be the cause for the sore on my testis?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a sore on my testis. It is round and bulged with an indent in the middle. When I try and squeeze it, it bleeds but no pus or discharge. I did go to my general physician, and he says it might be a wart, but he is not sure. I would like to get a second opinion.  Read Full »


Dr. Shama Naaz

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The attached photograph (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity) looks like a genital ulcer. There are different reasons for this. 1. It could be due to bacterial infection. 2. Due to some medications. 3. Trauma. 4. Venereal disease. There are some ...  Read Full »

How to know if my symptoms are due to HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I had exposure from the massage parlor last week. I got a handjob from the lady. This is the only exposure I have. I have taken the following test, and all the results were negative. I have given the details below: At four weeks: HIV ELISA antibody = negative VDRL = negative Hep B and...  Read Full »


Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I went through the message, and saw many tests done. All tests conclusive accuracy is 99.6-.99.9%. If you are complaining sneeze congestion, throat congestion then they are recurrent in this season, or it may be strep throat. To rule out HIV, you need to go for a We...  Read Full »

Can anal sex with HIV positive person transmit HIV infection?

Query: Hi doctor,My partner is HIV positive. We had anal rubbing, but we used protection (condom). Also, there was no discharge and not even precum. The anus was also dry during that time. What is the chance of me getting affected?  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. A known case of HIV is always a potential candidate for transfer of infection. However, the infectivity levels differ according to his stage of disease, CD4 count and viral load titers. Anal intercourse does have a higher risk of disease transmission than the other modes ...  Read Full »

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