Vdrl Test

Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) is a blood test for syphilis developed by a laboratory of the same name. The test detects the presence of antibodies in the blood and so, is used as a screening test.

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What is the conclusion when VDRL positive and RPR negative?

Query: Hello doctor, Actually my friend's wife while checking the VDRL test in the first trimester got a positive result, but her husband got negative at the same time, and the doctor told her to do the RPR test then it is negative. What it means? I have a doubt weather she is positive or negative? Plea...  Read Full »


Dr. Parth R Goswami

Family Physician, General Practitioner, Hematologist, Pathologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The VDRL (venereal disease research laboratory test) and RPR (rapid plasma reagin) are a screening tests for syphilis. Some nonspecific antibodies sometime might give false-positive results. Your RPR, however, is negative. So syphilis is less likely. But you cannot ...  Read Full »

I had oral sex with a girl without protection. Please list out the test I have to go through?

Query: Hello doctor,I had an oral sex with a girl without protection, and I licked her vagina too, later I came to know she has PSV which she had undergone treatment and she was cured, I came to know risks of the STD's via oral sex and I was suggested to have test after four weeks, but they did not tell wh...  Read Full »


Dr. Ramchandra Lamba

Psychiatrist, Sexologist, Psychologist Counsellor

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. There are many tests, but the below mentioned are usually done to rule out the infection. These are a screening test. 1. Test for HIV. Tridot test. 2.Test for gonorrhea (urine or oral swab) and chlamydia. 3. Test for Hepatitis B (HBsAg) and C virus. 4. Test for...  Read Full »

What is the painless pimple like swelling above penis area?

Query: Hello doctor, Yesterday onwards I could see one small swelling, seems to be a pimple like one appearing above my penis area. Could you please explain this? I do not have any pain but feeling afraid.  Read Full »


Dr. Ohams Henry

General Practitioner, Family Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The pimple like small swelling you say is not painful and no other similar swelling anywhere else. Was there a history of sexual contact with an unknown woman unprotected prior to the appearance of the lesion, any swellings around your groin, the swelling, is it ulcerat...  Read Full »

TPA is high but VDRL is negative. Does it indicate latent syphilis?

Query: Hello doctor, I have been tested for TPA by CLIA and a high titer of 451 was detected. But VDRL is nonreactive. There is a history of unprotected sex three years back with small erosions in genitalia. At that time broad medicines including antibiotics and antifungals were taken without any specific...  Read Full »


Dr. Dilip Meena

Dermatologist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. 1. As you have mentioned the TPA (Treponema pallidum antibody assay) is positive. 2. VDRL is nonreactive.3. Next step to confirm if you have latent syphilis, you need to get one of the following two tests first. A.TPHA (Treponema pallidum Haemagglutination assay). ...  Read Full »

I have recurrent fungal infection on my penis. What should I do?

Query: Hello doctor, I had a full body to body contact with someone at a massage parlor three months ago. There was no intercourse or oral sex. I ejaculated. I got diagnosed with scabies and a fungal infection on the penis. I took medications for the same and the symptoms went away. However, the burning d...  Read Full »


Dr. Sampada Avinash Thakare

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). If the area is not kept clean and dry, this can happen again and again. It is not always associated with sexual exposure. Your all reports are normal. I suggest you contin...  Read Full »

I was misdiagnosed to have syphilis and had treatment. What to do?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 24 year old male. Before a month, I visited a hospital in my hometown for pain on the penis. They conducted VDRL and TPHA test and said that the test came back as weak positive. So, it is the first stage of syphilis. They prescribed me an injection and some tablets for five days. A...  Read Full »


Dr. Geeta Priyadarsini Kamminana

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. TPHA (Treponema pallidum hemagglutination) is a test to detect treponemal antibodies, which are produced by the body against the bug that causes syphilis. The point is that TPHA is known to show false positive results for some reasons and hence, any positive reaction ...  Read Full »

I got three blisters under my foreskin after unprotected sex. What to do?

Query: Hello doctor, I had unprotected sex two weeks ago. From the last two days, I am having pain and irritation while urinating. I took four tablets of Azithromycin 250 mg, three days ago. Then I took Doxycycline 100 mg, a day back. I do not have pain during urination now. But, I have three blisters or...  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have seen the attached picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Your clinical lesions are in favor of genital herpes. This is a viral infection, which is sexually transmitted. Candid B (Clotrimazole and Beclomethasone) is an antifungal with steroid, a...  Read Full »

Can I get HIV via oral sex if I do not have any cuts or wounds on my penis?

Query: Hello doctor, Can HIV be transmitted through oral sex?  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Any exchange of body fluids does pose a risk for the transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). However, the risk with oral sex is lesser than with vaginal sex. Kindly mention in detail about the kind of exposure like, whether it was protected, if it was homo...  Read Full »

Are the HIV tests done by me right?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 32 year old male. My weight is 95 kg and height is 174 cm. I had protected vaginal and oral sex with CSW. Then, I did the following HIV Screening tests and all of that came back negative. ELISA on 26th day - non reactive, ELISA on 40th day - non reactive, HIV 1 and 2 ...  Read Full »


Dr. Jyotisterna Mittal

Dermatologist, Venereologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Cosmetologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your query in detail and viewed all the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and do understand your concern. As you indulged in protective sex, your risk of acquiring any STD (sexually transmitted disease) or HIV (human immunodeficiency ...  Read Full »

Kindly interpret test results taken after erotic massage.

Query: Hello doctor, Can you please interpret my test lab results? I only had an erotic massage a few weeks ago. I did these tests on my own just because of curiosity. The erotic massage was safe. No sex was involved. Just body to body touch. However, I am not sure what they mean.  Read Full »


Dr. Karthik Rajan

Urologist, Andrologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your query and the reports attached (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Herpes 1 IgG positive indicates a history of herpes virus type 1 infection which is usually spread by oral contact and causes lesions in the facial region. Active l...  Read Full »

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