Vdrl Test

Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) is a blood test for syphilis developed by a laboratory of the same name. The test detects the presence of antibodies in the blood and so, is used as a screening test.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Can anal sex with HIV positive person transmit HIV infection?

Query: Hi doctor,My partner is HIV positive. We had anal rubbing, but we used protection (condom). Also, there was no discharge and not even precum. The anus was also dry during that time. What is the chance of me getting affected?  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. A known case of HIV is always a potential candidate for transfer of infection. However, the infectivity levels differ according to his stage of disease, CD4 count and viral load titers. Anal intercourse does have a higher risk of disease transmission than the other modes ...  Read Full »

What is the chance of acquiring HIV with a handjob?

Query: Hi doctor, I had visited a massage parlor one and a half years ago. The session ends with a handjob. The lady was fully clothed, and after hand, she gave me a handjob with oil in her hands to body massage. There was no other sexual activity apart from hand to penis stimulation. I was unable to chec...  Read Full »


Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It seems that your risk is unwarranted in this scenario as there was no exchange of body fluids. HIV can only be transmitted through active sexual contact with HIV infected persons or blood transfusions, or with the exchange of contaminated syringes or needles. I coul...  Read Full »

Why do I keep getting cuts on my foreskin?

Query: Hi doctor, My penis foreskin circumference became white. I am getting pain while opening that and I have many cuts on that.  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your complaints are suggestive of fungal infection. I would like to know if you are a diabetic and a history of any high risk sexual behavior. Kindly upload an image to confirm the diagnosis and to formulate appropriate treatment plan. Revert back with the photos to a der...  Read Full »

Why do I have a tiny black spot on my foreskin?

Query: Hi doctor, I have tiny black spots on my penis foreskin for the last two to three days. The areas do not itch, or I do not see any swelling or discomfort. Kindly suggest something to treat this. I am unmarried and not sexually involved with anyone.  Read Full »


Dr. Hari Pathave

Dermatologist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for providing the information. It looks like a genital lichen planus. Other possibilities are bowenoid papulosis, a rare case of syphilis. You can go for a skin punch biopsy for confirmation, which will confirm the diagnosis, and according to that, the treatm...  Read Full »

Can STD spread through oral sex?

Query: Hi doctor, Four days ago, I had oral sex with a lady, who I already know. Though no intercourse happened, I am worried about STDs. Please suggest if I have to undergo any test. I am very tensed for this and I want to clear my mind. I do not have any problem except stress. Also, please explain where ...  Read Full »


Dr. Jyotisterna Mittal

Dermatologist, Venereologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Cosmetologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Oral sex does not cause HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to the recipient. It may cause genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and warts if these infections are present in the partner. Your doctor may advise you to get HSV 1 and 2 (herpes simplex virus) and ...  Read Full »

Do small lesion in anus suggesting syphilis needs immediate medical attention?

Query: Hello doctor, I have been having rashes on my hands, forearms, trunk, and feet for four weeks now. The rashes on my hands and feet have lesions. The rashes are not itchy, except for those with lesions. I also have a small wound (or sore) on my anus, which has been there for three weeks now. I beli...  Read Full »


Dr. Aleph

General Practitioner, Family Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Prior to the onset of rashes did you observe any lesion or wound on your penis? Or sexual encounter with someone who had such? May I ask questions about your sexual history? How many sexual partners have you had? Male or female? Are you aware of your partner's promiscu...  Read Full »

I have redness on penis even after taking Tavin-EM and Instgra. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a symptom of redness on my penis and with no pain and itchiness on it for the past one day. Can you please suggest me something? I had unprotected sex due to condom break two weeks back with an unknown person for that I am taking Tavin-EM and Instgra medicine now for 28 days as p...  Read Full »


Dr. Meha Malhotra

Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I could not get the contents of the medication prescribed to you. Could you send the same with details I would be able to comment on the issue. Secondly, get a forth generation ELISA test done for HIV 1 and 2 six weeks and repeat the test at three months from the d...  Read Full »

What is the conclusion when VDRL positive and RPR negative?

Query: Hello doctor, Actually my friend's wife while checking the VDRL test in the first trimester got a positive result, but her husband got negative at the same time, and the doctor told her to do the RPR test then it is negative. What it means? I have a doubt weather she is positive or negative? Plea...  Read Full »


Dr. Parth R Goswami

Family Physician, General Practitioner, Hematologist, Pathologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The VDRL (venereal disease research laboratory test) and RPR (rapid plasma reagin) are a screening tests for syphilis. Some nonspecific antibodies sometime might give false-positive results. Your RPR, however, is negative. So syphilis is less likely. But you cannot ...  Read Full »

I had oral sex with a girl without protection. Please list out the test I have to go through?

Query: Hello doctor,I had an oral sex with a girl without protection, and I licked her vagina too, later I came to know she has PSV which she had undergone treatment and she was cured, I came to know risks of the STD's via oral sex and I was suggested to have test after four weeks, but they did not tell wh...  Read Full »


Dr. Ramchandra Lamba

Psychiatrist, Sexologist, Psychologist Counsellor

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. There are many tests, but the below mentioned are usually done to rule out the infection. These are a screening test. 1. Test for HIV. Tridot test. 2.Test for gonorrhea (urine or oral swab) and chlamydia. 3. Test for Hepatitis B (HBsAg) and C virus. 4. Test for...  Read Full »

What is the painless pimple like swelling above penis area?

Query: Hello doctor, Yesterday onwards I could see one small swelling, seems to be a pimple like one appearing above my penis area. Could you please explain this? I do not have any pain but feeling afraid.  Read Full »


Dr. Ohams Henry

General Practitioner, Family Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The pimple like small swelling you say is not painful and no other similar swelling anywhere else. Was there a history of sexual contact with an unknown woman unprotected prior to the appearance of the lesion, any swellings around your groin, the swelling, is it ulcerat...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.