Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) is a blood test for syphilis developed by a laboratory of the same name. The test detects the presence of antibodies in the blood and so, is used as a screening test.
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Can I have tinnitus due to side effect of AZO?
Query: Hello doctor, I began exhibiting symptoms that I would describe as tinnitus from a week. I get a loud noise or ringing in my left ear, although it also happens in the right ear. One fine day the tinnitus actually went to the other ear (my right ear), my tinnitus since then has not been focused in a... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. While you have elaborated on your symptoms very meticulously, I still require some more details. Is there any hearing loss? Do you have any fullness of the ear? The tingling feeling, is it permanent? Do you have any giddiness? Any change of ear fullness or ... Read Full »
Can STD spread through oral sex?
Query: Hi doctor, Four days ago, I had oral sex with a lady, who I already know. Though no intercourse happened, I am worried about STDs. Please suggest if I have to undergo any test. I am very tensed for this and I want to clear my mind. I do not have any problem except stress. Also, please explain where ... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Oral sex does not cause HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to the recipient. It may cause genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and warts if these infections are present in the partner. Your doctor may advise you to get HSV 1 and 2 (herpes simplex virus) an... Read Full »
Can genital warts appear above the pubic area?
Query: Hi doctor, Do genital warts appear above the pubic area? I have attached the picture for your reference. Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Genital warts over the pubic area is a common presentation of the advent and use of condoms. As condoms provide protection to the genitalia, the incidence is lower in such sites. However, the skin over the pubic area remains unprotected and can come in contact with the ... Read Full »
Why do I have a tiny black spot on my foreskin?
Query: Hi doctor, I have tiny black spots on my penis foreskin for the last two to three days. The areas do not itch, or I do not see any swelling or discomfort. Kindly suggest something to treat this. I am unmarried and not sexually involved with anyone. Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for providing the information. It looks like a genital lichen planus. Other possibilities are bowenoid papulosis, a rare case of syphilis. You can go for a skin punch biopsy for confirmation, which will confirm the diagnosis, and according to that, the treatm... Read Full »
Should I go for treponemal test three years after sexual contact?
Query: Hi doctor, I have an STD question and hope to have an STD specialist doctor to assist me. I had a sexual contact three years ago and only last month I went for (VDRL nontreponemal test) and is negative. I have read online that after several years or after sometime usually, the result can be negative... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, sometimes many years after an infection with Treponema pallidum, VDRL may turn negative. TPHA (Treponema pallidum hemagglutination) or FTA ABS (fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test) would be confirmatory in that case. You may take this test. Syphilis... Read Full »
I had gay encounters followed by a lot of bleeding. Can it be AIDS?
Query: Hello doctor,I am a 32-year-old man. I had gay encounters with three men in a massage parlor on three different days. In all three cases, we have used condoms. In my second and third encounters, I got a lot of blood, and that too very dark-colored blood, and something else also came. I had a word wi... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concerns. First of all, I like to inform you that the transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) requires the mixing of body fluids. The use of condoms effectively prevents such mixing. I understand that there was bleedi... Read Full »
What do a reactive VDLR test and FTA-ABS test for syphilis indicate?
Query: Hello doctor, I recently took the VDLR test, which was reactive to 1:1 and non-reactive to 1:2. So I took the FTA-ABS test. The result was reactive for IgG and non-reactive for IgM. Every year I do the rapid blood tests (those that prick my finger to take a drop of blood), and they always come back ... Read Full »
Dr. Samer Sameer Juma Ali Altawil
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concern. No, it would be best if you do not seek any treatment now. The serological tests showed no active disease as IgM is negative. IgG is positive because you got this infection before. It is recommended to have this test don... Read Full »
My FTA-ABS is reactive and VDRL test is non-reactive. What can be the reason?
Query: Hello doctor, I recently did an FTA-ABS test for syphilis. It showed reactive with a titer 1:1. But after a week and a half, I took a VDRL test, and it was non-reactive. Now I am confused. The doctor was not so clear while explaining the difference in the result. Kindly help. Thanks. Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thanks for writing in, and I understand your concern. If FTA-ABS (fluorescent treponemal antibody test absorption) test is positive, it will remain positive for lifetime. It suggests that you have been infected with syphilis. It could have been in the past or present. ... Read Full »
What are the reasons for mouth ulcers, sore throat, and canker sore on my gum after having sex with a CSW?
Query: Hello doctor, Please help me. I had sex with a CSW for the first time, two months back. First, we had oral and penetrative sex using a condom. Then we had oral sex without a condom. The first time, the girl helped me put the condom. But later, I put it myself, as it was the first time. I put it bac... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your concern. The window period for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can last up to 12 weeks. HIV infection cannot be diagnosed during this period because antibodies to HIV have not developed during this period. The test most commonly used in th... Read Full »
My urine color remains yellow for a year. Why?
Query: Hi doctor, I used to get mouth ulcers and throat infections frequently for one and half month, then my chest, back, and palm started itching. After which, I started getting blood in urine, and burning sensation during urination. My urine color changed to yellow, and it started to smell a lot. I hav... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your history and complaints are suggestive of UTI (urinary tract infection), either resolved or partially treated. The color of urine is not a factor in deciding the status of the infection. Most people have an inherent tendency for yellow colored urine, which has noth... Read Full »