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Alcoholism and Its Rising Menace

Written by
Dr. Ajay Singh
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Sep 16, 2017 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018   -  2 min read



Drug addiction is increasingly emerging as a menace in today’s society. Among substances of abuse, alcohol is ranked second, next only to tobacco consumption. According to recent studies, the prevalence of alcohol users is about 21.4 %, with the age of initiation dropping to 17 years. This trend is leading to an increased incidence of physical as well as psychological illnesses. So, it is the need of the hour to create awareness regarding this social evil.

Alcoholism and Its Rising Menace


These days, there is a growing threat to the well being of the society which is slowly and steadily tightening its grip over every stratum of the society and is threatening its very existence and fabric. This hazard is none other than the one posed by drug addiction and abuse, particularly alcohol.

Alcohol, when consumed within limits (30 ml/day) leads to a sense of well being and relaxation. But, when consumed in large amounts (more than 90 ml/day), it can result in the slowing of reflexes, poor judgment ability, decreased control over motor movements along with increased anger and violence which can prove lethal.

According to recent studies, 21.4 % of the population consumes alcohol. A worrying trend which has been observed is that the age of initiation of alcohol consumption, which was previously around 28 years has now decreased to 17 years along with an increase in the quantity of total alcohol consumption.

Alcohol abuse can lead to many physical morbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, cancer, neuropathy, cardiac illness and kidney ailments. Apart from physical illnesses, it can also lead to mental or psychiatric illness such as anxiety, insomnia, depression, and personality disorders. In many studies, it has been found that around 50 % of the alcohol users suffer from one mental illness or the other.

How to Identify Addiction and Get Help?

  1. The person always craves for alcohol.
  2. Once the person starts drinking, he or she cannot stop even if one wants to.
  3. There has been a significant increase in the amount of consumption of alcohol over a short duration of time.
  4. There are complaints of anxiety, anger, irritability, persistent headache, tremors, decreased sleep, or episodes of seizures, if the person stops alcohol consumption for some time.
  5. If a person starts ignoring his personal and professional responsibilities and spends most of the time in procuring and consuming alcohol.
  6. If a person is suffering from an illness and is told that the further use of alcohol can aggravate his/her illness, but still continues to drink alcohol.

If a person met any three of these six criteria, at any given time in the past year, then he or she has developed a dependence on alcohol and is in dire need of urgent psychiatric and medical treatment.

How Can Addiction Be Treated?

There are two modalities of treatment.

  1. Pharmacological: In this method, medicines are used to first detoxify the patient, that is, get alcohol out of the system, and different medications are then given with which the person can abstain from the use of alcohol in the future and will not crave for it.
  2. Non-pharmacological: 'Where there is a will, there is a way'. If a person wants to quit alcohol, then it is vital that he has the will power to do so. This can be built by using motivation enhancement techniques, cognitive behavior therapy, brief intervention, family therapy, etc.


So, it can be concluded that the growing prevalence of alcohol abuse is a matter of concern and urgent steps need to be taken to combat this social evil.

For more information consult an addiction and substance abuse specialist online -->


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Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018  -  2 min read




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