Opioids have been used as pain relief medication for the past several centuries. But, in today’s age, apart from its medicinal use, they are also being taken recreationally, leading to rampant abuse and the growing menace of opioid addiction. This has severe implications on physical as well as psychological (mental) health.
Opioids are the derivatives of the plant Papaver somniferum, commonly known as the poppy husk. They are medically used as analgesics to relieve moderate to severe pain.
They Are Classified As
Mode of Administration
The Intoxicating Effects Include
As per the latest reports, there has been a paradigm shift in the consumption pattern in terms of switching from naturally-occurring opioids to synthetic opioids consumption, which has lead to a significant rise in physical illnesses as well as psychiatric illnesses.
Withdrawal Effects Include
Signs of Opioid Dependence
A diagnosis of dependence can be made if any three of the above-mentioned symptoms are present together at any given point in the past one year.
1. Pharmacological treatment: The pharmacological treatment consists of two phases, detoxification phase, and maintenance phase.
2. Non-pharmacological treatment: The non-pharmacological methods are used in conjunction with the pharmacological treatment to enhance the therapeutic regime. It comprises therapies such as the following.
For more information consult an addiction and substance abuse specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/psychiatrist/addiction-and-substance-abuse
Last reviewed at:
28 Dec 2018 - 2 min read
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