Diabetes is slow in onset and is an iceberg disease. Most of the time 60% of patients are accidentally diagnosed and only 40% feel the symptoms of the disease. By little awareness of its symptoms, one can detect the disease in early stage.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
Symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, tingling in the feet, fatigue and weakness, delayed healing, diminished vision, itching in the private parts and repeated abortion. Those who have these symptoms along with a family history of diabetes, aged more than 35 years, overweight, suffering from heart attack, blood pressure or TB should undergo a diabetes checkup annually.
Ignorance and False Belief:
In spite of advanced and extensive diagnostic facilities, in most parts of the world, almost 50% people with type 2 diabetes are undiagnosed. A gap of 9 to 12 years exists between the onset of type 2 diabetes and its clinical diagnosis. And those who know that they are suffering from diabetes, because of ignorance, superstition, false belief and carelessness not taking proper treatment. Studies showed that almost 70% of diagnosed patients are having uncontrolled blood sugar according to their HbA1C level.
More than 80% patients do not follow the advice to change their health behavior. Factors like inadequate knowledge, initial non-acceptance (denial) and revolt when diagnosed, no physical discomfort in the early stages, prevent patients from perceiving diabetes as a serious disease. Moreover, myths prevalent in the community about the disease, make the patient non-compliant with diabetes treatment. Instead of asking doctor they take advice from relatives and friends and follow their advice.
Complications of Diabetes:
How to Keep Diabetes Under Control?
People with diabetes should undergo regular physical examination, which includes consultation with a doctor; fundus examination; electrocardiogram, stress test (treadmill test); foot examination for blood circulation, sensation and vibration perception, ulcer prone areas; along with necessary laboratory investigations.
The clinical management of diabetes now has significantly more options than ever before and every year new molecule and technologies are coming in the market for better diabetes management. But, everything will fail if the lifestyle is not adhered. With proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment, one can live long, healthy and cheerful life without developing diabetes complications.
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