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Heart Attack and Its Early Recognition

Written by
Dr. Mir Osman Ali
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on May 27, 2016 and last reviewed on Feb 20, 2021   -  1 min read

Abstract

Recognizing the early signs of a heart attack is crucial, as it helps prevent further heart damage. Learn about the life-saving steps you can take at home.

Contents
Heart Attack and Its Early Recognition

Heart is the vital pumping organ of the body. Its damage can be catastrophic, but the good news is that there are preventive measures.

Heart attack is irreversible death of heart tissue, which occurs when the oxygen supply to a specific part of the heart cuts off due to decreased blood supply or partial block in the blood supply to the heart.

Signs of Heart Attack

Life Saving Step

You can take immediate life saving steps at home before being transferred to hospital. Take an Aspirin tablet 75 mg to 200 mg maximum immediately. This helps in decreasing chest pain and also helps in improving the blood supply to the damaged region. Reach the Emergency Department of the Hospital as soon as possible. Reaching within 2 hours is considered to give better outcome of the disease.

Never make the patient to walk or stand during a heart attack. No physical stress should be allowed and patients should be reassured in order to decrease anxiety.

Investigation

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is the first and routine investigation of this condition.

Medical Therapy

It is decided on the type of myocardial infarction. MI is of two types, ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI or NSTEMI).

STEMI needs immediate thrombolytic therapy that dissolves the clots and the NSTEMI attack treatment is totally different from the one expressed above. Your cardiologist will take the best action for you.

If you are still in doubt regarding heart attack, then consult a cardiologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/cardiologist

 

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Last reviewed at:
20 Feb 2021  -  1 min read

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