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Steps to Control Blood Sugar Levels

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High blood sugars can be reduced at a fast rate through various steps. The below article gives insight into ways to effectively manage blood sugar spikes.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Nagaraj

Published At November 11, 2022
Reviewed AtNovember 24, 2023


Hyperglycemia is a chronic condition in which the body has high blood sugar. It occurs due to insufficient insulin production in the body, which leads to the accumulation of glucose in the blood, thereby raising its levels. Once diagnosed with diabetes, the condition requires periodic monitoring to keep the sugar levels normal. Uncontrolled hyperglycemia for longer periods can affect the functioning of various organs like the eyes, heart, and kidneys, thereby leading to complications.

What Are the Steps That Help Reduce Blood Sugar Levels Immediately?

There are simple steps that, when followed effectively, can help people with hyperglycemia manage their blood sugars and also reduce them quickly. The below methods can be tried to reduce blood sugars fast, that include:

  • Taking Insulin: A spike in blood sugar occurs when either sufficient insulin is not produced in the body or the insulin produced cannot be used by the body’s cells. A doctor may recommend insulin injections to lower high blood sugar levels along with medications. The types and frequency of use of long-acting insulins can be discussed with the doctor. Also, the blood glucose levels must be checked after 15 to 30 minutes to check if the levels are not going too low.

  • Exercise: Another fast and easy way to reduce blood sugar levels is exercise. Exercise helps in maintaining glucose levels for up to 24 hours if activities related to increased heart pumping are done. This may include even a simple brisk walk. After an exercise, there is an increase in demand for glucose by the cells and tissues, thereby quickly lowering the glucose levels in the body. People having a blood sugar level above 240 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) must check for ketones in the urine. In case the ketones are detected, exercising must be avoided as there is a chance of a rise in blood sugar. Sometimes, strenuous activity can transiently increase sugar levels due to the release of the stress hormone, which increases the availability of blood sugar to the muscles.

  • Drinking Water: Water plays a pivotal role in managing hyperglycemia. It helps the body excrete excess glucose, thereby controlling the blood sugar. Intake of water and unsweetened fluids helps flush out the excess glucose from the body. Drinking an insufficient quantity of water can cause dehydration, as whatever water is available in the body also gets excreted to remove the excess glucose. In the case of exercise, water that gets depleted has to be replenished to maintain a balance in the body. However, when taking certain medications that retain water in the body, the intake of water quantity must be controlled. A healthcare provider can give better advice on the water intake in people based on their needs and conditions.

  • Managing the Missed Medication: Diabetics may be advised medications that include a combination of anti-diabetic medications and insulin, either both or any one of them, based on the patient’s health status. Care must be taken to take the medications on time, and in case of missed doses, the dose must be skipped, and the next immediate dose must be taken as advised by the doctor. An extra dose for the skipped dose should not be taken as it can cause severe adverse effects. In case the dose of a particular medicine has been skipped for some time, it is recommended to consult a doctor for a better assessment and a concerning treatment plan.

What Are the Tips to Lead a Healthy Life With Diabetes?

The below tips can help in keeping the blood sugars in control and reducing spikes. They include:

  1. Eating a Consistent Diet: Diet plays an important role in managing blood sugar levels in diabetics. They must take small, healthy meals every two hours to keep up with their blood sugars and medicines. This helps avoid major fluctuations in blood sugar levels. It is pivotal to take a steady carbohydrate diet that does not include “empty calories” like those in processed foods. A diet rich in fiber helps in keeping blood sugars within limits. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats constitute a balanced diet.

  2. Getting Regular Exercise: Along with reducing excess fat in the body and keeping the heart healthy, simple exercises like brisk walking or cycling have a multitude of benefits. One important benefit is keeping the blood sugars under control and helping the body cells to use insulin more efficiently. Daily physical activity for 30 minutes per day on at least five days a week is recommended.

  3. Reducing Stress: Stress is a culprit that can lead to various unfavorable conditions in the body. Managing stress prevents blood sugars from rising. Meditation, listening to music, journaling, going for a short walk in nature, or cooking a meal are stress busters that have to be followed regularly.

  4. Staying Hydrated: Staying hydrated means drinking sufficient water and clear fluids. If the color of the urine is yellow, it indicates that a person is dehydrated. Also, diabetic patients must ensure to avoid too many sugary drinks or sugar-loaded soft drinks.

  5. Getting Adequate Sleep: Doctors recommend getting at least seven to eight hours of sound sleep every night. Quality sleep helps reduce stress and also balances blood sugar levels. In addition, switching off electronic devices one to two hours before sleep, taking a warm shower, and sleeping in a quiet, dark room can be soothing and help catch up on a good night’s sleep.

  6. Regular Doctor Appointments: Checking the blood sugars at periodic intervals with an HbA1c test, which gives an average of blood sugars for three months, and going for regular checkups help maintain the blood sugars within range and reduce the risk of complications.

  7. Managing Weight: Excess weight can alter the body’s ability to regulate glucose levels. Reducing weight by following the doctor’s advice and taking a dietician’s advice in following a balanced diet can help manage weight.

  8. Sticking With the Treatment Regimen: Missing insulin dosage or medications can elevate the blood sugar. Care must be taken to take the prescribed medicines at appropriate times. Also, the dosage of medicines or insulin injections must not be altered without a doctor’s advice.


Diagnosed with diabetes, its course of treatment, and its complications can be overwhelming. However, following simple steps like keeping up with doctor appointments, having a balanced diet, staying hydrated, exercising, and managing weight can help in managing blood sugars and maintaining them within range. This thereby helps in leading a healthy and happy life.

Frequently Asked Questions


What Foods Can Quickly Reduce Blood Sugar Levels?

The following foods help to reduce blood sugar levels quickly:
 - Broccoli and its sprouts. Sulforaphane is an isothiocyanate with blood sugar-lowering effects.
 - Oats.
 - Lentils, beans, and okra.
 - Flax seeds, pumpkin, and pumpkin seeds.
 - Nuts and nut butter.
 - Salmon, as well as other fatty seafood.
 - Eggs.
 - Yogurt and kefir without sugar.
 - Kimchi and sauerkraut are examples of fermented vegetables.


What Drinks Lower Blood Sugar Levels?

 - Water, Seltzer water, unsweetened herbal tea and coffee, veggie juice, low-fat milk, and milk substitutes.
 - Smoothies made from green vegetables.
 - Kombucha and sugar-free lemonade.


Can Lemon Water Lower Blood Sugar?

Yes. When combined with a high-glycemic index food, lemon juice can slow down the conversion of starch to sugar, decreasing the food's overall glycemic index. In addition, studies have shown that lemon juice significantly lowers the mean blood sugar levels after 45 minutes.


Which Fruits Help to Reduce Blood Sugar Levels?

Even though many citrus fruits are sweet, studies suggest that citrus fruits help lower blood sugar levels. Citrus fruits are low glycemic fruits because they do not affect blood sugar levels like other fruits such as watermelon and pineapple.


What Is the Normal Sugar Level According to Age?

 - Adults should have blood sugar levels ranging from 90 to 150 milligrams per decilitre (5.0 to 8.3 mmol/L).  
 - For children between the ages of 13 to 19, the range is 90 to 150 milligrams per decilitre (5.0 to 8.3 mmol/L). 
 - The range for children aged six to twelve is 100 to 180 milligrams per decilitre (5.5 to 10.0 mmol/L). 
 - For children below the age of six, the range is 110 to 200 milligrams per decilitre (6.1 to 11.1 mmol/L).


Is It Possible to Lower Blood Sugar Levels by Drinking Hot Water?

Yes. Hot water causes our blood vessels to relax and enlarge, allowing more blood to flow to our muscles and tissues (similar to exercise). More blood to the tissues indicates more glucose enters the cells, reducing blood sugar levels.


Is It Safe for Diabetics to Consume Rice?

Yes. Wholegrain Basmati rice has the lowest glycemic index of any rice variety, which suggests that once digested, it slowly releases energy, maintaining blood sugar levels relatively stable, which is an important component of diabetes control.


Is Diabetes Completely Treatable?

Type 2 diabetes has no treatment. However, it may be possible to reverse the disease to a point where the patient no longer requires medicines to control diabetes, and the body does not suffer from having excessively high blood sugar levels.


What Are the Ways to Prevent Diabetes?

The following ways can help to prevent diabetes:
 - Get rid of any excess weight. Diabetes is controlled by losing weight
 - Exercise regularly - Increase daily physical activity. 
 - Consume nutritious plant-based foods. A plant diet contains vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates.
 - Consume healthy fats.
 - Quit smoking and alcohol.


Which Bread Doesn't Have Sugar?

Diabetes patients may benefit from Ezekiel bread and other similar products. These loaves are baked with sprouted whole grains instead of flour, which reduces glycemic reaction. This increases the bread's nutritional value and ease of digestion. Ezekiel's bread is completely free of added sugar. Ezkiel's bread is not consumed by someone who is allergic to gluten.


Is Red Boiled Rice a Suitable Option for Individuals With Diabetes?

Red rice assists in the management of diabetes by lowering insulin levels. In addition, red rice's low glycemic index aids in regulating blood sugar levels and benefits people with diabetes.


Does Rice Convert to Sugar in the Body?

After consuming rice, these carbohydrates are broken down into sugar and end up in the bloodstream. For example, a serving of rice with 90 grams of carbohydrates contains roughly the same sugar as 22 teaspoons. This dramatically raises blood sugar levels.


How Much Sugar Do You Consume Every Day?

Adults should consume 30 grams of free sugars daily (around seven sugar cubes). Children between seven to ten should consume at most 24 grams of free sugars per day (six sugar cubes). Children aged four to six should consume at most 19 grams of free sugars per day (five sugar cubes).


Can Potatoes Be Converted to Sugar?

Potatoes are starchy vegetables, which means they are high in starch and carbohydrates. Starches finally convert to glucose after a lengthy process of digestion. However, potatoes have a trace of naturally occurring sugar, which transforms into glucose differently.
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Dr. Nagaraj
Dr. Nagaraj



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