ADVERTISEMENT
Emotional and Mental Health Data Verified

Bipolar Disorder: Multiple Mood Episodes, but where is the Solution?

Written by
Dr. Alok Vinod Kulkarni
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on May 04, 2015 and last reviewed on Oct 18, 2021   -  4 min read

Abstract

Bipolar disorder is characterized by bouts of depression and spells of intense happiness. This article focuses on the clinical features of this disorder and the available treatment options.

Contents
Bipolar Disorder: Multiple Mood Episodes, but where is the Solution?

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder was previously called manic-depressive psychosis, or MDP. There has been a paradigm shift in the understanding of this complex brain disorder.

What Are the Inheritance and Perpetuation of Manic Episodes?

Those afflicted with bipolar disorder are prone to a lot of mood changes, sometimes on a day-to-day basis. This disorder runs in families, and research has identified many loci for its inheritance.

The various facets of this disorder include hypomania, mania, and depression. Each of these phases can be debilitating. The majority of those suffering from bipolar disorder spend their time being depressed rather than in mania or hypomania.

What Are Behavioral Disturbances?

Mood episodes are intense, and people are prone to have behavioral disturbances during such episodes. It is imperative to seek professional help from a psychiatrist.

If left untreated, there will be serious socioeconomic implications with resultant loss of functioning capacity, quality of life, pay, and absence from work.

What Are the Symptoms of People with a Manic Episode?

What Are the Symptoms of People with a Depressive Spell?

On the other hand, those having a depressive spell will experience symptoms that are poles apart from that of a manic episode.

What Are the Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder?

Factors increasing the risk of developing bipolar disorders are,

What Are the Complications of Bipolar Disorder?

When bipolar disorder is left untreated, it can result in serious problems affecting every day of your life, such as:

How Is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?

How Is Bipolar Disorder Prevented?

Bipolar disorder cannot be prevented. But getting treatment at the earliest can help prevent bipolar disorder or any other mental health conditions from getting worsened.

When you have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, following some strategies can help to prevent minor symptoms from becoming full-blown episodes. They are,

How Is Bipolar Disorder Treated?

A host of options exist for the treatment of bipolar disorders. The current philosophy of treating bipolar disorder lies in symptom control and prophylaxis.

Risk for recurrent episodes exists throughout one's life, and one school of thought says that prophylaxis should be for a lifetime. Again, there are differing schools of thought, as there is none to fit all treatment.

Medication:

These are referred to as mood stabilizers. Those with euphoric (intense sense of happiness) mania are treated with Lithium, and those with dysphoric or irritable mania are treated with Valproate.

Those who have a preponderance of repeated depressive spells in their course of this disorder are treated with Olanzapine-Fluoxetine combination, Quetiapine, or Lamotrigine. All atypical antipsychotics serve as antimanic agents.

Therapy:

''Talk'' therapy can help clients change their behavior and manage their lives. Therapy should also include family members, and they should be educated about the illness, its natural course, prognosis, and treatment options.

A specialized form of therapy, called Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT), exists for clients with bipolar disorder. All psychiatrists undergo training to administer this form of therapy.

ADVERTISEMENT

Last reviewed at:
18 Oct 2021  -  4 min read

RATING

37

Tags:

Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers


Why do I have mood swings, hot flushes and low mood around my periods?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 29 year old female. I have a diagnosis of autism. I have mood swings, feeling low/ depressed, which I do not know if it is related to my periods. People tend to notice more just before and during my periods (but also I do not know if it is partly frustration due to my living ci...  Read Full »

What is the cause for having sudden mood changes and fear of losing people?

Query: Hi doctor, I often feel very low, anxious, and stressed. I try diverting myself, but I still get into a trance, where I feel sad. I am afraid of losing people, and keep thinking about what they think and how they feel. Even though they are not worthy of my sorry at times, I still apologize out of ...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Depression or Bipolar Disorder?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.