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Psychotic Disorders: Types and Recovery

Author: Dr. Vasantha K S - Emotional and Mental Health  

Psychosis is not a disease in itself, but a symptom that accompanies various mental health conditions. The primary symptoms of psychosis include hallucinations (perceiving stimuli that do not exist) and delusions (strong yet false beliefs about oneself or one's life). Based on the differences in duration, cause, and associated conditions, psychotic disorders can be classified as follows.

Schizophrenia: It is a mental health condition where symptoms of psychosis persist for more extended periods of time, that is, six months or longer.

Schizophreniform Disorder: A psychotic disorder is diagnosed as a schizophreniform disorder when symptoms have lasted lesser than six months. It may get cured in this period or prolong to be diagnosed as schizophrenia.

Bipolar Disorder: This condition is characterized by mood disturbances where the patient has alternating phases of elevated mood (mania) and low mood (depression)

Schizoaffective Disorder: The person has mood disorders such as bipolar disorder or depression along with symptoms of schizophrenia.

Delusional Disorder: In this disorder, the person holds a strong, yet false belief (delusion) about himself and his life, such as being stalked or having a deformity.

Brief Psychotic Disorder: It is a type of psychotic disorder where symptoms of psychosis are severe, but last for a comparably short period, frequently following a major life stressor such as being a victim of a crime or death of a close family member.

Drug-induced Psychosis: In some instances, symptoms of psychosis can be seen in some due to use of or withdrawal from substances of abuse.

Organic Psychosis: This is a type where symptoms are related to physical trauma such as following a head injury.

Mental health conditions are more common than we believe. People often hesitate to consult a mental health specialist due to the social stigma attached to it. But, with proper guidance, care, and follow-up, mental disorders can also be successfully treated, thus improving the quality of life of the individual as well as those around them. The primary mode of treatment for a psychotic disorder is with psychotherapy and medications.

Also, a thorough understanding of the disease by the family and friends is a vital step in treatment as only then, it is possible to provide the necessary support, which is of utmost importance in recovery. So, psychotic disorders must be treated without being shied away from. The sooner the treatment is initiated, the better is the outcome we can expect.

For more information consult a psychosis treatment specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/psychologist-counsellor/psychosis-treatment

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018

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