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Mental Health and Disease

Written by
Dr. Vandana Patidar
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Dec 29, 2018 and last reviewed on Sep 11, 2019   -  2 min read



Mental health is as important as physical health. a sound body has sound mind and vice versa. there are some common mental health problems and some are serious problems

Mental Health and Disease

Mental health

As per the World Health Organization, health is the state of complete mental, physical, social and spiritual well-being, and not merely the absence of illness.

Mental health is the health of our mind. The mind is an organ of our body just like the heart, liver, kidney, etc. We may also say that mental health is a state of emotional, psychological and social well-being.

It defines how we think, feel, and behave, how we handle stress, relate to others, and make decisions in our day to day life.

Mental health is as important as your physical health. It has a direct influence on your physical health. If you are not feeling emotionally and psychologically normal, you would not feel like eating, showering, going to the gym or for a walk, and that would ultimately affect your body.

Similarly, when you have a bodily problem like fever or jaundice, you feel irritated and distressed. Hence, your mind would not be at ease. So, for completehealth, both mental and physical well-being is essential.

What Affects Our Mental Health?

Many factors contribute to mental health problems:

What Are the Most Common Mental Illnesses?

  1. Depression.
  2. Anxiety disorders like social anxiety, specific phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorders, panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder.
  3. Schizophrenia.
  4. Bipolar disorder.

Why Mental Illness Occurs?

Due to an imbalance of certain chemicals in our brain like serotonin, dopamine, etc.

These chemicals regulate our mood, behavior, and thought process.

When and How to Seek Help?

When you feel there is a change in your mood, behavior, thought process, sleep pattern, appetite, academic performance or work performance, it indicates that there may be some problem with your mental health.

Signs of Mental Illnesses

1. Depression

2. Anxiety Disorders

In all types of anxiety disorders, anxiety is the integral feeling along with palpitations, panic, restlessness, difficulty in breathing, chest tightness, and irritability.

Some symptoms are specific to particular disorders:

3. Schizophrenia

4. Bipolar Disorder

Episodes of both depression and mania occur.

What to Do If Someone Has These Symptoms

Do not ignore the problem. Consult a mental health professional, intervention on time is very essential.

Treatment options include:

  1. Medicines.
  2. Psychotherapy/counseling.
  3. Biofeedback.
  4. Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation.

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Last reviewed at:
11 Sep 2019  -  2 min read


Dr. Vandana Patidar

Dr. Vandana Patidar

MBBS, M.D.Psychiatry

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