Published on Dec 31, 2016 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018 - 3 min read
Winter is a known season for ear, nose and throat complaints. The possible causes include viral, bacterial and allergens. To be safe from such infections, one needs to know a brief background about the causes and how to avoid acquiring them. This article will help the reader to remain safe and follow steps to avoid future exposures.
Pharynx is a thin mucosal membrane lined cavity, which lies behind the nose and mouth and together with them, it opens into the esophagus. Pharyngitis can be defined as an infection or irritation of the pharynx or tonsils. The etiology is usually infectious of which most cases are of viral origin closely followed by bacterial infections. Some other less frequent causes include allergies, trauma, toxins and certain cancers.
It is difficult to distinguish whether a particular event of pharyngitis is due to viral or bacterial infection merely on the basis of history and physical examination, though the causes are certain for acquiring the infections. The causes can be any of the following.
The symptoms of pharyngitis are as follows
Maintaining a proper immunity level is a must to avoid getting such opportunistic infections. Besides, genetic predispositions of our body build its immunity cells based upon our daily habits, which include the food we eat, our stress levels, our sleep-wake cycle, exercises and sedentary habits. With its self-adjusting mechanism, our body forms its own defense line. Any sudden change or exposure to the non-routine atmosphere results in the symptoms.
Maintaining proper dietary habits. Avoid frequent consumption of oil and fat containing food item. Fruits and vegetables in the daily diet provide the essential nutrients for our body to form the defense cells. Frequent heavy alcohol consumption must be avoided.
A sleep-wake cycle should be maintained. Sleep of 6 to 8 hours a day suffices bodily needs. Avoid continuous sedentary habit. Mild to moderate exercise of about 1 hour daily would help a lot in pumping up of the defense cells in the body.
If the person is a known allergic to a particular substance, then avoidance and protection from exposure to known allergen is the best call.
Oral hygiene also plays equally important role in acquiring such infections. Twice a day brushing and cleansing of oral cavity helps avoid most bacterial infections.
So, the bottom line is that treatment for any kind of symptom demands attention and consultation with a qualified doctor in order to get terminated.
For further detailed information about pharyngitis, consult an ENT otolaryngologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/ENT-otolaryngologist
Query: Hello doctor, Based on the result of the ultrasound, the entire surface of the fetus is fluid-filled from the head all the way to the body of the fetus. What does it mean? Read Full >>
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. How are you doing? Let me start by saying that this is not a good sign. I would have preferred to see the scan picture myself. What you are mentioning seems to be hydrops fetalis. Here water gets collected both inside and outside the body. Baby will have water colle... Read Full
Query: Hello doctor,My mother is now 55 years and has been suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) for over a year. Her condition was not so bad before. She was diagnosed with intestinal disease and was given some antibiotics like Flagyl or Metronidazole. After she took those pills for a month, she h... Read Full >>
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your query and reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). I can understand your concern. As you told that your mother had IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), I want to tell you that antibiotics are not the treatment for IBS. Probiotics ca... Read Full
Query: Hi doctor, I had an allergic reaction after eating fresh cherries last night. My eyes began itching and then swelled up. It also started tearing. I woke up this morning with mild swelling on the inner parts of my eyes. I have attached the photo for your reference. Please help. Read Full >>
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You got an allergic reaction and there is no need to worry. I suggest antihistamines and tablet Montek-LC containing Montelukast with Levocetirizine. I also suggest antacids along with that. Consult your doctor, discuss with him or her and take the medicine with consent. ... Read Full
Do you have a question on Ent or Antibiotics?Ask a Doctor Online