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Sinusitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Written by
Dr. Mashfika N Alam
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Nov 25, 2017 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018   -  2 min read


Sinusitis is the infection of the air cavities within the nasal passages. Normally, the healthy sinuses are filled with air. When there is an infection, the sinuses get filled with fluid and germs can grow there causing inflammation.

Sinusitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Sinusitis is defined as inflammation of the mucosal lining of the sinus passages. Frequent attacks of sinusitis for over three months, also known as chronic sinusitis, result in the thickening of the mucosal membranes and an excess production of nasal and sinus secretions. These secretions are usually thick and sticky and frequently predispose the sinuses to bacterial infection.

Common Causes of Sinusitis


  1. Sinus pressure and pain.
  2. Blocked nose.
  3. Sinus and nasal congestion.
  4. Post-nasal drip.
  5. A frequent headache.
  6. Difficulty in breathing.
  7. A sore throat.
  8. Halitosis.
  9. Irritability.
  10. A chronic cough.
  11. Sleep disturbances.


Hence, it is important to ensure proper and adequate treatment of sinusitis, both acute and chronic.


Commonly, a doctor can identify sinusitis by the history of symptoms and clinical examination. Other than that, an X-ray of paranasal sinuses can clearly point out the presence and in most cases the underlying cause of sinusitis.

Remedies and Cure

The following measures are quite effective in treating the above-mentioned symptoms:

  1. Steam with menthol inhalation three times a day.
  2. Nasal saline wash with a neti pot.
  3. A humidifier at home.
  4. Avoid allergens such as dust mites, mold, pollens, etc. by wearing masks or avoiding contact with mold spores or animal dander can significantly decrease the attacks of rhinosinusitis.
  5. Drink a mixture of warm water, honey, and lime to clear the mucus stuck in the throat from post-nasal drip.

Some Medications That May Be Required

In Severe Cases, Surgical Procedures May Also Be Considered

For more information consult a sinusitis specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/ENT-Otolaryngologist/sinusitis


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Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018  -  2 min read




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