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Eosinophilic esophagitis - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Published on May 04, 2020   -  4 min read

Abstract

Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory condition. Read this article to know more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment.

Contents
Eosinophilic esophagitis - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What Is Eosinophilic Esophagitis?

Eosinophilic esophagitis refers to the inflammatory condition of the esophagus. The esophagus is the organ connecting the stomach and the mouth. Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic condition. It occurs when the eosinophils get accumulated on the esophagus.

What Is Eosinophil?

Blood has different components, namely red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets. Eosinophils belong to the white blood cells. White blood cells are important components of immunity mediators. Eosinophils especially function during an allergic reaction.

What Are the Causes?

  1. Allergies such as hay fever, allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis.

  2. Esophageal strictures (abnormal narrowing of the esophagus).

However, the exact cause of eosinophilic esophagitis is unknown.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms?

The symptoms might vary between adults and children.

Adults:

Children:

How Dysphagia Occurs in Eosinophilic Esophagitis?

Eosinophilic esophagitis reduces the elasticity of the esophagus. Since many eosinophils are present, there is an inability of the esophagus to stretch and accommodate large quantities of swallowed food. As a result, scarring occurs on the lining wall of the esophagus. Meat and solid foods have difficulty passing through the esophagus. When hard food gets stuck in the esophagus, it results in an uncomfortable sensation in the chest. This difficulty in the food not freely entering the stomach is referred to as dysphagia.

If the solid food then reaches the stomach, after difficulty, then the discomfort usually subsides by itself. When there is no discomfort, the person can continue eating the food. When solid food has problems reaching the stomach, then you will feel better if you regurgitate the food. This might need inducing vomit voluntarily. Only after that, you can continue eating.

Very rarely, solid food might get impacted in the esophagus. The food will get stuck in a way that it cannot be taken out or made to pass into the stomach. The food which is impacted can cause severe chest pain, which might resemble a heart attack. The patient might experience spitting up too much saliva, as it cannot be swallowed. Patients with impacted food feel difficulty in eating or drinking. The doctor might need the help of a flexible endoscope, which is inserted into the mouth to relieve the obstruction.

How Is It Diagnosed?

The diagnosis for eosinophilic esophagitis involves a variety of options.

What Is the Treatment Protocol?

This condition is one where there are many chances of recurrence. So, the line of treatment will mostly rely on a continuous line of therapy.

Dietary Therapy:

You will be asked to test for a few food allergies. Certain foods that are allergic to you might cause symptoms such as diarrhea or vomiting. Such foods that are causing allergies should be stopped. The most common food allergens are dairy and wheat products. Eating a balanced diet will help. Completely avoiding the allergens can give relief from symptoms.

Medications:

Home Remedies:

If you experience any of these symptoms, a few lifestyle changes may reduce the severity of symptoms:

Want to know more about eosinophilic esophagitis? Call a doctor online.

 

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Last reviewed at:
04 May 2020  -  4 min read

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