Kidney and Urologic Diseases

How to Prevent Kidney Stones?

Written by Dr. Praveen Pushkar and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Image: How to Prevent Kidney Stones?

A kidney stone is a common condition affecting individuals of all age groups. It is a recurring problem with approximately 50 % individuals experiencing a second episode. Though some people are prone to kidney stones, majority experience it because of their lifestyle.

Kidney stone

How to Prevent Kidney Stones?

  1. Drink adequate water according to the climate and lifestyle. Fluid intake should be increased to achieve at least 2.5 liters urine output daily.
  2. Restrict salt intake.
  3. Reduce the intake of animal proteins like beef, chicken,fish, pork, etc.
  4. Increase intake of fruits and vegetables.
  5. Reduce intake of oxalate-rich foods like chocolates, spinach, cashews, peanuts, almonds, etc.

These are the general lifestyle measures to reduce the occurrence of kidney stones. Remember once the kidney stone is formed, it is impossible to dissolve it with medications. So, if you have large, symptomatic kidney stones, consult your doctor and get it removed. Once the stone is removed, then you can ask your doctor to get the chemical analysis of the stone. Sometimes you may get some unusual finding in the chemical analysis report. Accordingly, your doctor will ask you to modify your dietary habits and may start medication to prevent future recurrence.

The stones which are very small and are detected accidentally during an investigation can be ignored. Stones less than 5 mm, which is not obstructing the kidney can be left without treatment. Most of the times, they come out without any treatment. But sometimes, even a 2 mm stone can produce a lot of pain and obstruct your kidney. So, you will require undergoing treatment for that.

For more information consult a kidney stone specialist online -->

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018



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