Published on Aug 29, 2018 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018 - 2 min read
Previously known as petit mal seizures, this type of seizure is more commonly seen in children. Let us read on to know how it can be managed effectively in everyday life.
A seizure is caused by a brief period of abnormal electrical activity (electrical impulses) in a person's brain. An absence seizure has a generalized onset, meaning, it starts on both sides of the brain simultaneously. In this type, there is a sudden loss of awareness characterized by blank staring that lasts for a couple of seconds.
They are of two types:
In typical absence seizures, the onset is with a blank stare, often mistaken for daydreaming. It lasts nearly 10 seconds and is followed by the return of consciousness.
In atypical absence seizures, the onset is also with a blank stare, but it lasts about 20 seconds and involves other involuntary actions such as lip smacking, eyelid fluttering, jaw movements, and finger rubbing.
Signs and Symptoms
Doctors are not sure of the real reason it occurs in some children. But, it is believed to be hereditary. In some others, it seems to be triggered by flashing lights or rapid breathing.
Once a parent, teacher or friend suspects something to be wrong, it is important to seek expert opinion without further delay. The doctor will recommend an EEG (electroencephalogram) if he suspects a seizure.
The doctor may suggest certain medications to prevent recurrence of episodes. Commonly prescribed drugs include:
Future episodes can be prevented from occurring by:
Query: Hello doctor, My son is 3.5 years old; studying in kindergarten. He has been diagnosed with benign childhood epilepsy. There is an epileptic form discharge of 8 Hz spikes from his right occipital lobe. His MRI and CT scan reports came normal. He feels involuntary movements in his left leg when he i... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is good to know that your child's seizures are under control with medication. Tablet Clobazam is mainly used to control acute seizures and used for a short duration. The main drawback with long term use of Clobazam is physical dependence. It is observed that, if th... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I have been suffering from a wide array of mental symptoms for around nine years. Some years ago, I went to see a neurologist. He took an EEG, and found "epileptiform activity", I think in temporal lobes. So he said I have epilepsy and prescribed Valproate. He said my depersonalisation... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. EEG (electroencephalogram)is not a diagnostic tool in itself. EEG can show abnormality in a normal person and also can be normal in epilepsy patients. Few EEG changes can be seen in normal and abnormal conditions. As you mentioned that your symptom is psychotic like,... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I have already put my query to a neurologist. Still, I would like to get opinion from you as well. My son is 3.5 years old. He has been diagnosed with benign childhood epilepsy. His MRI and CT were normal. There are epileptic form of discharge 8 Hz spikes from right occipital lobe. Us... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I went through your query. I can understand your concern about long-term effects of antiepileptic medications. So, in reply to your query, I would like to make suggestions for your son as follows: Treatment of many types of childhood epilepsy requires long-term antiepilep... Read Full »
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