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Self-esteem - An Overview

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4 min read


Self-esteem is about having confidence and high opinions of ones worth and values.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Vishal Anilkumar Gandhi

Published At December 16, 2022
Reviewed AtJuly 5, 2023


We often came off with low self-esteem via criticizing and having comparatively negative thoughts about ourselves. We feel inferior and utterly helpless at that moment, probing for hope. Probably, kids have low self-esteem that develops through adolescence. Parents and teachers encourage and exhibit a positive impact on us. However, About eighty-five percent of the world's population has low self-esteem. Students have an increased prevalence of self-esteem attributable to stress, emotional abuse, and workload.

What Is Self-esteem?

Self-esteem is an eminent opinion of oneself, considering one’s worth, value, and excellence.

Self-esteem is about how much one love and values oneself amidst the circumstances. It is a positive self-image incorporating many ‘ i am worthy’ thoughts. However, self-esteem is correlated to self-confidence, self-worth, self-respect, and self-integrity. When one constructs self-esteem well, it aids in their motivation and lets a comfy way to deal with hardships.

How to Improve Self-esteem?

When one senses a lack of self-trust and motivation, feeling shy, anxious, unskilled, and unloved, they must emplace themselves to improve self-esteem. Nevertheless, many of us need help to build up such vital things. So here comes a handful of beneficial tips to keep one engaged in self-esteem, but no advice anymore.

Being Ourself

We live in a society of pleasing others rather than accepting ourselves. In addition, we fail to be ourselves, letting harmful kinds of stuff invade our mental health.

  • Love ourself. Hire life by loving ourself more than anyone can. Firstly, know our thoughts and behavior and accept them, even with flaws.

  • Do Consider Our Emotions. Understand that we are humankind and have emotions and expressions. Therefore, do value the feelings to prevent them from influencing the attitude. Having negative beliefs is one of the risk factors for low self-esteem. So, have positive self-talk and list negative affirmations. Go off negative and distorted thoughts that put us down; welcome the feasible positive ones.

  • Be Different. Be Unique. People are everywhere, and their beliefs are entirely different. Hence, avoid comparison with peers. In preferences over being oneself and unique.

Nurture Ourself.

One might bear negative or low self-esteem during abnormal physical and mental health conditions. So, take care of health and mental well-being.

  • Hydration- Staying up to hydration is an essential factor in many, many diseases. Also, having about eight glasses of water alerts the mind already and affects social stresses like fear, anxiety, and depression. So have a sip whenever one feels depressed, more than thirsty.

  • Quiet Sleep -Obtain enough good sleep to feel free from illnesses. Then, take an additional rigid short nap in the daytime of around 15 minutes.

  • Physical Performances- Inadequate physical activity ruins our health. Therefore, practice breathing exercises and meditation further to exercise and yoga.

  • Healthy Diet - Ingest a balanced diet and maintain blood glucose levels, elevating energy sooner or later.

  • Avoid Alcohol: Avoid reactive drugs and alcohol abuse; it alleviates temporary feelings and worsens them.

  • Fix the Past- Many have pits in the past, which distress the present and give negative beliefs. Heal oneself by defeating those negative experiences.

Celebrate Life.

When one ignores to celebrate their achievements, such could deteriorate life.

  • Get Compliments -Compliment any and every event and achievement rather than expecting others. Self-appreciation is the best and prime.

  • Celebrate Success- Rejoicing our success is a fabulous thing one can do for themselves. Celebrate success and thus celebrate life.


Solitariness often makes us composed and helpless. Expand the social circle to attain expansive relations.

  • Introduce oneself to a new person and have succeeding friendships.

  • Encircle a brief support system comprising positive peers.

  • Give hands to others when needed.

  • Enhance positive relationships.

Beware of Triggering Factors.

Markedly, there should be some triggers triggering self-esteem in anyone. The triggering factors are stated here.

  • Issues in a relationship.

  • Emotional and financial stress.

  • Poor past experiences.

  • Low academic scores.

Identify the particular trigger or stressor one is facing underneath and get off.

Voice ‘No’ When Desired.

One must say things without hesitancy when one is required to say so. So take a deep breath, think, and say no when one desires. Never feel the guilt for losing such circumstances and relationships by saying no.

Take the Challenges.

Behind, we know what we are passionate about. So do those hobbies that make one feel fantastic. Set small goals and keep trying new challenges. People with low self-esteem would be sluggish in challenges.

Be Assertive.

Assertive is known for being aggressive and ambitious in pursuing its goals. Of course, it might be difficult for someone to act that way, but try behaving and speaking in a determined manner.

Talking Therapies.

When one seems profoundly affected, beyond self-help or undergoing conditions such as depression, anxiety, phobia, eating disorders, and fear, seek medical care professionals. They will guide one to figure out the actual dilemma and help sort it out by advising one of the following therapies.

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT.

  • Humanistic/ and client-centered counseling.

  • Guided self-help therapies.

  • Narrative therapy.

In addition, several activities are designed to boost and promote self-esteem for children and adolescents.

What Affects Self-esteem?

Self-esteem itself is challenging to endure lifelong. Many people affected by external and internal factors will fail to carry self-esteem. They are known to have low-self esteem. Low self-esteem right away begins in early childhood. Children struggling with neglect and abuse from teachers or parents are more likely to develop low self-esteem. Besides, external factors such as media, social media, and bullying affect self-esteem. Here are several signs to look for in people with low-self esteem.

  • Saying negative stuff about oneself.

  • Comparing with peers.

  • Oversensitive.

  • Attempting to be perfect.

  • Fear

  • Anger and irritability.


Not everyone is alike. Humankind is unique, possesses different characteristics, and thus has healthy, low, or excessive self-esteem. Know one's worth, values, and assets. If one has healthy self-esteem, they are more likely to receive fair benefits and eminence.

Dr. Vishal Anilkumar Gandhi
Dr. Vishal Anilkumar Gandhi



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