Newborn and Baby

Oral Health in Breastfed Babies

Written by
Dr. Geeth Sadasivam
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Apr 21, 2018 and last reviewed on Dec 08, 2018   -  2 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Breastfeeding is considered one of the oldest traditions in the world which saves hundreds of children’s lives. In this article, we will see how breastfeeding influences the oral cavity in many ways along with the benefits for the same.

Oral Health in Breastfed Babies

Firstly, let us know how breastfeeding is classified according to the World Health Organisation (WHO):

  1. Exclusive breastfeeding - where the baby is fed only the mother’s breast milk and no other food for the first six months of life. However, the baby can also be given oral rehydration drops and other vitamins.
  2. Predominant breastfeeding - where the baby’s major source of nutrition is from the mother’s breast milk while water and other foods such as fruit juices, water-based drinks, oral rehydration drops, vitamins, minerals, and medicines can also be given.

With this basic knowledge, let us see what are the overall benefits of breastfeeding. These benefits include:

  1. It is well acknowledged that breastmilk contains immune cells, antibodies, specific nutrients, and digestive enzymes, which helps in the development of the baby’s immune and digestive system.
  2. Longtime breastfeeding also increases intelligence level in children.
  3. It reduces the risk of obesity and diabetes later in life of the children.
  4. Reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer in mothers.

How Does Breastfeeding Influence Oral Health?

It influences two important oral health conditions.

1. Malocclusion (developmental aspect): Babies who breastfeed exert a greater facial muscle activity while sucking the milk compared to bottle-fed babies. This squeezing movement of the baby’s lip and tongue promotes the development of the face and the jaw bones. On the other hand, bottle-fed babies do not exert such movements and draw the milk passively.

Moreover, the flexible material of the feeding bottle presses firmly on the baby’s palate and the oral cavity thus preventing the adequate growth of the palate as well as hassles in the alignment of the teeth.

Also, the grasping of the nipples while breastfeeding provides a perfect oronasal seal in the baby’s mouth and helps the development of nasal breathing rather than mouth breathing. This eventually turns off open mouth posture during sleep. You definitely do not want to be a reason for your child’s early reason for crooked teeth.

Also, breastfeeding creates the emotional bonding between the mother and the baby and understanding of your baby’s body clock in a glance. You certainly do not want to miss that as well.

2. Tooth decay (nutritional aspect): It is also scientifically proven that breastfeeding protects against tooth decay in children with the reason being the ingredients of the breast milk. Lactose is the main sugar component in breast milk, which does not get broken down easily by the decay-causing bacteria in the mouth. Whereas the infant formulas have the sugar sucrose which is loved by those bacteria and easily attacks the tooth to produce decay.

Another interesting reason is the anatomy of the mother’s nipples compared with the bottle nipples where the latter blocks the saliva to the upper central incisors and reduces the neutralization capacity and thus prolongs the exposure to the carbs and the acid attack, hence decay. Studies reveal that children who were breastfed up to 12 months or more show relatively low tooth decay compared to those children who were not.

How Long Should You Breastfeed?

WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months and continued for 12 to 24 months combined with solid foods as long as the mother and baby desires.

What Advice Is Given by Dental Practitioners to the Breastfeeding Mums?

  1. Wiping the gums of their babies with a soft and moist cloth immediately after breastfeeding reduces the milky deposits in the mouth thus reducing tooth decay.
  2. Encourage feeding water after breastfeeding.
  3. Avoid over nocturnal feeding.
  4. Watch your medications during breastfeeding because it could pass on to your baby and cause potential side effects.

For more information consult a pedodontist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/pedodontist

Last reviewed at:
08 Dec 2018  -  2 min read

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