HomeHealth articlesfertilityCan Exercise Increase Fertility?

Can Exercise Increase Fertility? Know the Perks

Verified dataVerified data

4 min read


Recent studies reveal that regular physical activity can increase fertility by improving overall reproductive health.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Arjun Chaudhari

Published At July 25, 2023
Reviewed AtJuly 31, 2023


While several factors can affect fertility, the link between exercise and fertility has drawn much interest. Recent scientific studies have examined how exercise may affect a woman's reproductive health and chances of conceiving successfully. This has given rise to the intriguing question: Can exercise boost fertility?

Exercise has long been hailed as an essential part of a healthy lifestyle, providing several advantages for heart health, managing weight, and maintaining mental wellness. However, its possible impact on fertility has become a fascinating field of research.

According to certain research, regular exercise may increase fertility by increasing ovulation, supporting hormonal balance, and lowering the risk of specific reproductive problems. However, the connection between exercise and fertility is nuanced, and to fully comprehend the issue, further research on the topic needs to be done.

There are several factors involved in the intricate relationship between exercise and fertility. Generally, men's and women's fertility can benefit from regular physical activity and keeping a healthy weight. Here are some important links:

  • Better Control of Reproductive Hormones: Exercise can help control reproductive hormones like estrogen and testosterone, which are essential for fertility. Regular exercise may help maintain hormonal equilibrium, improving ovulation in women and sperm production in men.

  • Enhanced Blood Circulation: Improved blood circulation throughout the body, including the reproductive organs, results from exercise. This improved oxygen and nutrition delivery to the reproductive system can improve the system's overall health and performance.

  • Weight Control: It's crucial for fertility to maintain a healthy weight. The hormonal balance can be upset by obesity or underweight, which might obstruct the reproductive process. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help women manage their weight and improve the chances of getting pregnant.

  • Reduced Stress Levels: Exercise has been shown to lower stress and enhance mental health in general. By altering hormone synthesis and interfering with reproductive processes, high amounts of stress can harm fertility. Exercise can help reduce stress and foster a more favorable environment for reproduction.

  • Better Overall Health: Regular exercise is linked to better overall health, including higher immune system strength, metabolic function, and cardiovascular fitness. These factors can indirectly affect fertility by lowering the incidence of diseases, including polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, and erectile dysfunction, which can affect fertility.

What Is the Effect of Exercise on Hormones?

The following are some ways that regular exercise can affect a woman's hormone balance:

  • Estrogen: Estrogen is a crucial hormone for women, and exercise can affect its levels. Regular exercise might cause a drop in estrogen levels, particularly in women with high estrogen levels. This may be advantageous in situations like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), where high estrogen levels can cause hormonal abnormalities.

  • Progesterone: Another hormone that is essential for a woman's reproductive health is progesterone. Progesterone levels can be kept at a healthy range with regular activity. Progesterone, crucial for controlling the menstrual cycle and maintaining general hormonal balance, is produced more readily due to exercise.

  • Cortisol: The adrenal glands release cortisol, often known as the stress hormone, in reaction to stress. Regular physical activity can lower cortisol levels in the body and encourage a more healthy stress response. Menstrual irregularities are only one of the many health conditions that can be exacerbated by long-term stress and elevated cortisol levels, which can disturb hormone balance.

  • Insulin: Exercise can increase the body's sensitivity to insulin, which will help it better regulation of blood sugar. Women with insulin resistance or illnesses like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), characterized by frequent insulin imbalances, may find this very helpful. Regular exercise can support insulin level stabilization, improving hormonal balance all around.

  • Endorphins: Often referred to as "feel-good" hormones, exercise boosts the release of endorphins. These endorphins can elevate mood and lessen stress. By minimizing the detrimental effects of stress on hormonal regulation, improved emotional well-being and decreased stress can indirectly impact hormone balance.

What Amount of Exercise Is Considered Ideal for Improving Fertility?

Women can benefit from regular exercise in terms of increasing their fertility. It's crucial to remember that vigorous or excessive activity might harm fertility. For individualized advice, speaking with a healthcare expert or fertility specialist is recommended. The ideal quantity of exercise for fertility improvement differs from person to person. The following are some general rules:

  • Moderate Aerobic Exercise: It is generally believed that getting 150 minutes per week of moderate aerobic exercises, such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, or dancing, is suitable for fertility. On most days of the week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of moderate activity.

  • Strength Training: Including workouts that focus on strength training can be advantageous. Weightlifting, resistance band exercises, and bodyweight exercises fall under this category. Plan to work out at least twice a week, working on various muscle groups.

  • Avoid Overdoing Exercise: While getting some exercise is good, overdoing it or working out too hard can harm fertility. Intense exercise can influence the hormonal balance and menstrual cycles in women.

  • Mind-Body Exercises: Techniques like yoga, Pilates, and meditation can help lower stress levels, which may have a favorable impact on fertility. These exercises emphasize deep breathing, moderate movements, and relaxation to improve general well-being.

  • Listen to the Body: It's essential to pay attention to the body and refrain from overexerting. Take a break from exercising and speak with a doctor in case of discomfort, tiredness, or any symptoms during or after.


The effect of exercise on female fertility is a complicated and diverse subject. While research suggests regular physical activity may benefit reproductive health, it is important to approach the topic cautiously and consider unique circumstances. Exercise has been demonstrated to enhance general health and lower the risk of certain disorders that might impair fertility, including obesity and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Additionally, it may improve blood flow to the reproductive organs and assist control of hormone levels, improving the likelihood of conception. Excessive exercise or rigorous training might harm fertility by interfering with menstrual cycles and hormone production. In the end, it is advised that women trying to get pregnant speak with a healthcare practitioner to create a personalized fitness regimen suitable for their individual requirements.

Source Article IclonSourcesSource Article Arrow
Dr. Arjun Chaudhari
Dr. Arjun Chaudhari

Obstetrics and Gynecology


Community Banner Mobile
By subscribing, I agree to iCliniq's Terms & Privacy Policy.

Source Article ArrowMost popular articles

Do you have a question on


Ask a doctor online

*guaranteed answer within 4 hours

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. iCliniq privacy policy