A healthy lifestyle is very important, especially in those who have a risk for heart diseases, like individuals who are obese, people with a family history of heart attack, smokers, sedentary lifestyle, etc.
One should avoid fatty, oily, and high-calorie diet. Individuals should consume five or more servings of fruits and vegetables daily. This decreases the risk of coronary heart diseases. They should replace refined grains like white bread and rice with whole grains, whole bread, and brown rice. This reduces chances of coronary artery disease, weight gain, diabetes, etc. We should avoid red meat and instead have sea foods, eggs, beans, nuts, and seeds, as a source of protein. The recommended dietary sodium intake for the general population is less than 2.3 g of sodium or 6 g of sodium chloride. Low sodium intake is associated with decreased risk of hypertension and cardiovascular events, including death. Sweetened beverages should be avoided.
Regular exercises like brisk walking and jogging, according to your capacity for at least 30 minutes a day and 5 to 7 days a week. Yoga should be included in daily routine, as it has multiple health benefits. Regular exercises will help in reducing weight, decrease lipid level, lower blood pressure, and also helps in controlling blood sugar. There should not be abdominal fat deposition or obesity.
Avoid smoking and alcohol if any. Also, individuals should be screened for diabetes at three-year intervals, in all adults with BMI (body mass index) ≥ 25 kg/m2 and one or more additional risk factors like diabetes in family history, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, etc. In individuals without risk factors, testing begins at 45 years of age. Also, the individuals with risk for heart diseases should be screened for lipid abnormalities.
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