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Do You Have Difficulty in Dealing with Dandruff?

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Do You Have Difficulty in Dealing with Dandruff?

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Dandruff can be embarrassing and can be challenging to treat. Read the article to know about general facts and preventive measures of dandruff.

Written by

Dr. Vinay Kumar

Medically reviewed by

iCliniq medical review team

Published At October 9, 2015
Reviewed AtSeptember 14, 2022

Dandruff is a condition of the scalp and hairs, in which dry, white flakes tend to accumulate and show up on the scalp and the hairs.

Facts About Dandruff

  • Dandruff can only be controlled but complete cure is as yet not available. The aim of preventive measures is to minimize the likelihood of development of features of dandruff.
  • Dandruff is caused by rapid turnover of cells of the scalp, the exact reason for which remains obscure. It is also thought to be related to excess of a fungus present on the skin which can be present even in those individuals who do not have any dandruff.
  • Dandruff might be associated with itching and soreness of the skin.
  • Dandruff and dry skin are two different conditions.
  • Dandruff may be a part of a generalized disease called seborrheic dermatitis in which the scales tend to be greasy.
  • Dandruff is not an indicator of poor hygiene. It is reported that nearly half of all the population has symptoms of this common malady.
  • Dandruff is more likely to affect persons with brain disorders like parkinson’s disease, HIV infection, stressful conditions like heart disease and brain stroke, and disorders affecting body resistance.

Preventive Measures

  • Ideally speaking, the treatment should be started under medical guidance. However, there is so much you can do that might provide you relief and help even if you are taking treatment under supervision.
  • Eat healthy and balanced diet with plenty of zinc, omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins. Avoid yeast and refined sugars. This helps in preventing the growth of yeast which is thought to be responsible for causing dandruff.
  • Relax and engage in de-stressing measures.
  • Watch out for adverse effects of any hair styling product and take appropriate action if it is so.
  • Brush (not comb) your hairs frequently to stimulate blood circulation and to remove the debris collected on the scalp. Brushing before a shampoo is recommended.
  • Zinc Pyrithione or ZPTO, coal tar, and Ketoconazole have antifungal properties whereas salicylic acid dissolves skin cells or scales. Use appropriate shampoo or leave on preparations containing suitable concentration that work best for you.
  • At every bath, wash your scalp thoroughly even before dandruff has appeared. First rinse the scalp and hairs, then massage the shampoo (preferably diluted with equal quantity of tap water) gently but thoroughly, and finally rinse again to wash away the dislodged skin cells and oily secretions of skin glands.
  • In order to soften and remove the heaped up collections of skin flakes, use shampoos containing salicylic acid or other compounds that will dissolve the scales faster.
  • Shampoo your scalp and hairs daily until dandruff is under control. When satisfactorily controlled, taper the frequency of application of medicated preparation to match your needs. Use of conditioner is better left to one’s individual preferences as some people may require it while others don’t.
  • Allow medicated shampoo to remain in contact with the affected skin for at least 8-10 minutes on each application.
  • If you notice that one particular shampoo is no longer that effective as it used to be, switch over to another but do not use different shampoos at a time.

Ayurvedic procedure

Read this article to know about the Ayurvedic procedure to treat dandruff.

If the symptoms persist even after following above measures or if you experience soreness and redness of skin, then it is time to consult your dermatologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dermatologist

Frequently Asked Questions


How to get rid of dandruff?

Dandruff can be controlled with the help of anti-dandruff shampoo, antifungals like Ketoconazole, Zinc pyrithione, and Selenium disulfide. Using coal tar helps the skin to shed dead cells and helps control dandruff.


What causes dandruff?

The exact cause is not known, but dandruff is believed to be caused by the following factors:
- Seborrheic dermatitis.
- Insufficient combing or brushing your hair.
- Yeast infection.
- Dry skin.
- Frequent shampooing.
- Psoriasis and eczema.
- Patients who are chronically ill.


What does dandruff look like?

Dandruff results in white, flaky skin on the scalp with or without itching.


Should I wash my hair every day if I have dandruff?

It is not advisable to shampoo your hair every day, even if you do not have dandruff. Shampooing your hair every day makes your hair dry and strips the scalp of natural oil and irritated. This worsens dandruff.


How can I remove dandruff permanently?

Dandruff cannot be permanently cured, but can only be controlled using home remedies and using anti-dandruff hair products.


Is lemon good for dandruff?

Lemon is considered to be good for your hair and scalp. The pH of lemon maintains the pH balance of the scalp and helps clear excess oil, dirt, and dandruff flakes.


What is a good dandruff shampoo?

Shampoos that contain Ketoconazole, Selenium sulfide, or Zinc pyrithione as the active ingredient helps control dandruff.


Does stress cause dandruff?

Stress does not cause dandruff, but it aggravates or worsens an already existing dandruff problem.


Is dandruff caused by fungus?

Yes, dandruff can also be triggered by a fungus called Malassezia globosa. This fungus is naturally found on the scalp.


What are the symptoms of dandruff?

The symptoms include:
- White and oily skin flakes on the scalp.
- Itchy scalp.
Dr. Vinay Kumar
Dr. Vinay Kumar



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