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Eczema - Treatment and Prevention

Published on Mar 11, 2019 and last reviewed on Sep 15, 2022   -  5 min read


Eczema is a common skin disorder that makes the skin dry, red, and itchy. The below article details the same.

Eczema - Treatment and Prevention

What Is Eczema?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition that causes the skin to become dry, red, itchy, and bumpy. It is one of many forms of dermatitis and is more common in children, but it can occur at any age. Eczema damages the skin barrier function, making the skin more sensitive and vulnerable to infection and dryness. However, eczema does not harm the body. Also, it does not mean that the skin is dirty or infected and is not contagious. Treatments can help manage the eczema symptoms. Unfortunately, to date, no cure has been found for eczema. But treatments and self-care measures can reduce itching and prevent new outbreaks.

How Is Eczema Classified?

Eczema can be broadly classified into:

Endogenous Eczema - The most prevalent in the population is atopic eczema, an itchy skin condition presenting since childhood along with or without a history of sneezing, allergic rhinitis, and asthma.

Exogenous Eczema - Among exogenous eczema, contact dermatitis is the most common type, whether it is allergic or irritant contact dermatitis.

What Are the Types of Eczema?

What Causes Eczema?

The following factors cause eczema (atopic dermatitis):

Who Is at More Risk for Eczema?

Eczema can happen at any age, but it usually begins in childhood. The primary risk factors for eczema include:

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Eczema?

Eczema symptoms may vary from person to person and include:

How Is Eczema Diagnosed?

No laboratory test is necessary to diagnose eczema. Instead, the healthcare provider probably makes a diagnosis simply by examining the skin and reviewing the medical history. However, when there is doubt, the provider may perform the following tests:

How Is Eczema Treated?

Treatment of eczema can be difficult if the cause is something that cannot be controlled, such as genetics. First, try to figure out what triggers or worsens eczema, and then avoid it. The treatment aims to reduce itching and discomfort and prevent infection and additional flare-ups. However, no treatment can eliminate the symptoms of eczema 100 % of the time.

Consider the following treatment tips:

What Is the Outlook or Prognosis for People With Eczema?

Most children with eczema outgrow the condition or experience significant improvement when they reach puberty. But unfortunately, others may continue to have some form of eczema. The condition can be well-managed for adults with good skin routine and treatment, although flare-up symptoms can happen throughout life.


Eczema is a common skin disorder that is not contagious. However, it can be uncomfortable and affect the quality of life. At its worst, it can keep a person from sleeping and make them feel self-conscious. See a healthcare provider as soon as you notice symptoms to get the treatment immediately. Prescribed treatments and self-care measures can alleviate itching and prevent new outbreaks.


Last reviewed at:
15 Sep 2022  -  5 min read


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