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Vascular Ulcers - Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment, and Prevention

Published on Mar 05, 2022   -  5 min read

Abstract

Vascular ulcers are ulcerations that are found mostly in the leg region. Read this article to know more about the problems caused by vascular ulcers.

Contents
Vascular Ulcers - Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment, and Prevention

What Are Vascular Ulcers, and What Are the Conditions That Cause Vascular Ulcers?

Vascular ulcers are chronic conditions that might affect the health of an individual. There might be open wounds in most of the patients. It can be accompanied by swelling and pain. The prime responsibility of veins in the leg is to send the blood back to the heart so that they enter the circulatory system for the system to function well. If there is any problem associated with the backflow of blood, it might result in an increased pressure level in the legs. This will make the skin more susceptible to damage. It can also result in more hardened skin that becomes very hard to heal in the later stages.

What Are the Types of Vascular Ulcers?

Vascular ulcers are classified into four types depending on appearance, location, and associated pain.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Vascular Ulcers?

The early signs of vascular ulcers are:

The common signs and symptoms of vascular ulcers include:

What Are the Risk Factors of Vascular Ulcers?

The most common risk factors of vascular Ulcers are,

What Are the Diagnostic Procedures for Vascular Ulcers?

You will require a clinical examination by a doctor for vascular ulcers. The history of the patient and related medical history will be recorded with importance. If the patient has diabetes, then it would take a longer time for the ulcers to heal. Your doctor will recommend you go for a computed tomography scan (CT scan) or an X-ray.

What Are the Treatment Options for Vascular Ulcers?

Antibiotics are the best choice for venous ulcers. If the patient is experiencing pain, then the doctor will prescribe a few painkiller medicines. The patient will be asked to keep the leg in an elevated position. Most of the patients will require a surgical method for the treatment.

It is necessary to follow all the instructions given by the doctor after the completion of the surgery.

What Are the Preventive Measures for Vascular Ulcers?

To avoid vascular ulcers, first, the patient must prevent vein problems. This can be prevented by following healthy lifestyle habits. These changes will enhance the blood flow circulation in the legs, thus reducing the risk of vascular ulcers. The recommended lifestyle change to prevent vascular ulcers are:

Wearing compression stockings is also a beneficial method that provides advantages like:

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Frequently Asked Questions


1.

How Do Vascular Ulcers Appear?

Vascular ulcers can have a negative impact on an individual’s health. They have uneven borders, and they are shallow sores with a red base. The surrounding skin may appear discolored, shiny, hot, or warm.

2.

Are Venous and Vascular Ulcers the Same?

Vascular ulcers manifest as venous ulcers and arterial ulcers. They are often found in the lower extremities. They can be chronic or recurrent. Vascular ulcers are mainly found on the outer side of the ankle, feet, heels, or toes. In severe cases, it may require amputation of the lower extremities.

3.

What Are the Symptoms of a Leg Ulcer?

The main symptoms of a leg ulcer include pain, swelling, and itching of the affected leg. In some cases, the discoloration can occur in the affected leg.

4.

Which Is the Best Way to Cure Venous Stasis Ulcers?

The treatment for venous stasis ulcers includes;

- Compression therapy.

- Exercise.

- Leg elevation while resting.

If the patient has pain, painkillers can be given. Long-term treatments may require the use of double bandages, especially in elderly people.

5.

How Serious Are Foot Ulcers?

Foot ulcers mainly occur in diabetic patients. If proper care is taken, foot ulcers are not very dangerous. However, if left untreated, it may cause gangrene. Then amputation may be required to treat such conditions.

6.

How to Heal Vascular Ulcers Quickly?

Arterial ulcers are mainly caused due to blocked arteries. So the mainstay of treatment is restoring blood flow to the affected area. The underlying cause is treated. It may require medications, and in some cases, angioplasty has to be performed.

7.

What Are Vascular Wounds?

Vascular wounds mainly occur due to decreased blood supply mainly in the lower extremities. As there is decreased blood supply, these areas are deprived of oxygen resulting in the skin and tissues in that area. They are prone to infection if not taken care of in the initial stages.

8.

How Long Will It Take for Vascular Ulcers to Heal?

Vascular ulcers may take more than three to four months to heal. In some cases, it may take even longer. If proper treatment and care are given, the healing can be quicker.

9.

Do Vascular Ulcers Cause Pain?

Vascular ulcers are often painful. The pain can get worse at night. The patient may experience pain in the lower ankle, foot, or lower leg. Patients may require painkillers in some cases.

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Last reviewed at:
05 Mar 2022  -  5 min read

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