Dermatologists and Skin Care

Xerosis (Dry Skin): How to Get Rid of It?

Written by Dr. Vasantha K S and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

 
Image: Xerosis (Dry Skin): How to Get Rid of It?

Skin is the largest organ in the body. It not only protects your body from the entry of toxins, pollutants, and ultraviolet rays, it also is the primary defense mechanism for infections and disease. Skin that is well hydrated is able to protect the body better.

Xerosis is the medical term used to describe dry skin but in its more severe form.

Symptoms

  • Severe dry skin.
  • Itchiness/pain.
  • Red and inflamed skin.
  • Scaly appearance.

Causes

  1. Washing hands/bathing too frequently.
  2. Using harsh soaps.
  3. Showering with excessively hot water that strips the skin of its natural oils.
  4. Poor water intake.
  5. Low humidity conditions.
  6. Dry winters.
  7. Prolonged exposure to the sun.
  8. Central heating/air conditioning.

Risk

  • Aging: As we age, our skin becomes thin and brittle.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes are more prone to dry skin.
  • Certain medications: Some common medicines like diuretics and cholesterol medications cause dryness and flakiness.

Prevention

  1. Stay hydrated.
  2. Moisturize the skin with creams containing urea, glycerin, and AHA (alpha-hydroxy acids) immediately after a shower.
  3. Have a healthy diet rich in zinc, vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids.
  4. Avoid rubbing the skin vigorously with rough towels after a bath. Instead, gently pat dry.
  5. Natural products such as olive oil, almond oil, and flaxseed oil help soothe the skin.
  6. Avoid soaps, perfumes, detergents and other products containing drying agents such as alcohol.

For more information consult a dry skin specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dermatologist/dry-skin

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018

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