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Heavy Period Bleeding (Menorrhagia) - Symptoms , Causes, and Treatment

Written by
Dr. Shruti Kainth Kaushal
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Dec 26, 2017 and last reviewed on Dec 30, 2019   -  2 min read


Heavy menstrual bleeding, otherwise called menorrhagia, can lead to tiredness, anemia, and discomfort. Learn about its symptoms, causes, home remedies, and treatment options.

Heavy Period Bleeding (Menorrhagia) - Symptoms , Causes, and Treatment

Heavy menstrual bleeding, a condition medically known as menorrhagia, is associated with severe bleeding during menstruation. Heavy bleeding leads to discomfort, anemia, giddiness, and is quantified by the number of pads used during the periods.

Symptoms of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Menstrual bleeding is considered to be heavy if:

Causes of Heavy Bleeding During Periods

Heavy bleeding is triggered by multiple causes. Once the doctor rules out pregnancy or its complications, he/ she will consider other causes such as:

  1. Fibroid (non-cancerous or cancerous tumor in the uterus).
  2. Hormonal imbalance.
  3. Polyps (small growths on the wall of the cervix).
  4. Endometriosis (abnormal growth of a layer of tissue on the outside of the uterus).
  5. Copper IUD (intrauterine device).
  6. Bleeding disorders.
  7. Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  8. Thyroid dysfunction.
  9. Rarely, cancer of the uterus, ovaries, or cervix.

How to Manage Them at Home

There are certain remedies you can try before you give medicines a shot:

Treatment of the Condition

A doctor may adopt various approaches to treat excessive bleeding depending upon the diagnosis, age, and adaptability of the patient:

1. NSAIDs such as Ibuprofen and Diclofenac are taken by many women and are found to reduce the pain as well as the flow.

2. Oral contraceptive pills are a good option for sexually active women who are not planning on getting pregnant. In addition to prevent bleeding, they also provide the necessary protection, if taken on schedule.

3. Progesterone therapy can stabilize uterine lining, normalize hormonal imbalance, and thus stops excessive bleeding.

4. Hormonal IUDs unlike the copper IUDs release small amounts of hormones and often make periods lighter.

5. Iron supplements compensate for the loss of blood.

6. Surgical treatments should be considered after other non-invasive methods have been tried. They include endometrial ablation and hysterectomy.

If you are suffering from such a condition, do not hesitate to seek help right away. They can be effectively managed medically.

For more information consult a menstrual disorders specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/obstetrician-and-gynaecologist/menstrual-disorders


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Last reviewed at:
30 Dec 2019  -  2 min read




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