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PCOS and Weight Management

Author: Dr. Deepali Mohan Pohane - Women's Health
Last reviewed at: 06.Sep.2018  



Weight reduction plays a major role in managing the complications of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
Image: PCOS and Weight Management

PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a hormonal disorder in women. Studies and observations have shown that proper weight management has resolved many issues associated with PCOS.

PCOS Is Characterized By:

  • menstrual irregularities,
  • excess androgen,
  • ultrasound features of multiple small follicles arranged in the periphery of the ovary.

It Causes Symptoms Such As:

  1. Heavy menses.
  2. Infertility.
  3. Miscarriages.
  4. Abnormal uterine bleeding.
  5. Anxiety.
  6. Stress.
  7. Depression.
  8. Acne.
  9. Excessive facial hair growth.
  10. Weight gain.

Long studies and cumulative data reflect that there are two kinds of PCOS, with central obesity (fat accumulation in the abdomen) and peripheral obesity (fat accumulation in the hips, buttocks and thighs). Obesity has been directly and indirectly linked to the cholesterol levels in the human body. Hormones are the derivatives of cholesterol and therefore any changes in cholesterol levels reflect on those of the hormones.

Excessive obesity leads to an imbalance in FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) and in turn, this leads to menstrual irregularities. This is seen most commonly in case of central obesity. Weight reduction has shown promising results on the regularization of menses in central obesity patients.

A Combination of Calorie-Burning Exercises and a Balanced Low Cholesterol Diet Helps in Weight Management:

  1. Doing yoga, aerobics, cardio exercises, brisk walking, and healthy food intake help in reducing weight.
  2. Taking medication for weight reduction is not a great idea as the weight rebounds once the medication is stopped.
  3. Heavy calorie-burning exercises like skipping, swimming, and cycling are good options.
  4. Cutting down on oily food is a must.
  5. Avoid taking cheesy food, junk food, and oily stuff. Instead, take more of juices and fruits.
  6. Increase consumption of green leafy vegetables.
  7. Try to take more of steamed, boiled and baked vegetables and meat instead of fried versions.

I strongly suggest the strategy of strict weight management in case of PCOS and resolving the issues by the above-mentioned methods.

For more information consult a polycystic ovaries specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/obstetrician-and-gynaecologist/polycystic-ovaries



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Related Questions & Answers

Query: Hi doctor, I have PCOD, and I am planning to conceive. I am under Macfolate and Metformin tablets for the past seven months. I have regular periods for the past six months. This month, on the 11th day, I missed my period. After two days, when I checked for pregnancy, I got a negative result. Again ...  Read Full »
Dr. Sameer Kumar
Family Physician, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You may repeat the test in a week to rule out pregnancy, or you can do a serum beta hCG test. If the hCG levels are less than 3 mIU/ml, then you are not pregnant. The reasons are anovulatory cycles seen in PCOD, or you should get a semen analysis done once for your part...  Read Full »
Query: Hi doctor, I had a medical abortion before three months. I have PCOD problem. I took Ubiphene tablet in after three months from day 2 of my period. I took a follicular scan on day 10th, and I was found to have a cyst in my RO measuring 3.8 cm and two follicles in my LO measuring 1.0 cm and 0.8 cm. I...  Read Full »
Dr. Prathap
Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. As you have got PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease), it is very difficult to say the dominant follicle in your case. Usually, it is the dominant follicle that releases the ovum on day 14th of your cycle. As per your scan, it seems that all the things are not dominant follic...  Read Full »
Query: Hi doctor, My height is 5'4", and my weight is 61 kilogram. My ovary is bulky with right ovary volume 11.5 cc and left ovary volume 11.2 cc. I am suffering from PCOD. I am under treatment for the past three months. Can I get pregnant naturally?  Read Full »
Dr. Sameer Kumar
Family Physician, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. PCOD is a polycystic ovarian disease which causes an increase in testosterone levels in women with androgenic features and multiple small cysts in the ovaries. It is one of the most common reasons for the irregular menses, especially oligomenorrhoea. You have to be plac...  Read Full »
Query: Dear Doctor, I am a 29 year old female suffering from PCOD, taking medicines from past 1 year. But still it has not reduced. I was into Metformin and Folic acid. At the same time I have also taken medicines for conception (i.e, clomiphene). Follicar study has been conducted for four times and only ...  Read Full »
Dr. Richa Agarwal
Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Metformin is a very effective medicine in PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) treatment. It reduces weight, increases sensitivity to insulin and decreases androgen level. All these effects are helpful in the treatment of PCOD. But as you say it is not effective in your ...  Read Full »