Birth Defects

A birth defect is otherwise known as a congenital disorder. It is a condition that is present at birth without probable cause. Birth defects are usually caused due to chromosomal abnormalities (genetic), increased fetus's exposure to medicines, and infections. Heart defects, cleft lip, Down syndrome, and spina bifida are the common birth defects seen in newborns. Amniocentesis can help detect birth defects during pregnancy.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

My double marker test report is abnormal. Is my baby healthy?

Query: Hi doctor, I had my nuchal translucency scan and double marker blood tests taken a few days ago. I am worried because my NT scan reports are normal, but my double marker test report shows a high risk for trisomy 21. All reports are attached for your guidance and suggestions. Kindly help.  Read Full »


Dr. R Balakrishnan Menon

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I hope you are doing well. I read your query, and I can understand your concern. From your history and reports (attachments removed to protect patient\'s identity), I gather that you are 33 years old, which is a low-risk age, and there are no other risk factor...  Read Full »

Can a temperate pool at 98 F affect the baby during pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I found out that I am pregnant, and the next day I went to a spa. Knowing that hot tub and sauna are not good for me, the lady at the spa told me to go to the temperate pool, which was 98 F. I went for five minutes, and now I am so scared. Did I do something wrong? Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Sonal Prasad

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Do not worry, sauna is to be avoided in pregnancy, but not ones with temperature as body temperature. The lady at the spa was wise. Make sure you take your antenatal vitamins throughout pregnancy. For more information consult a doctor soon.   Read Full »

Why should my pregnant wife get a quadruple test?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is pregnant. Her doctor has suggested us to get a Quadruple marker or triple marker study test. Why does he suggest this test? What is the use of that test?  Read Full »


Dr. Purushottam Sah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is done to screen for the possibility of certain birth defects in the baby like Down's syndrome, abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord. The quadruple test or triple marker test should be performed during the 15th and 20th week of pregnancy. For further information...  Read Full »

Is it safe to get the MMR vaccine during pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am in an unplanned pregnancy of 6 weeks. Two to three weeks after conceiving, I unknowingly drank wine when I was highly stressed. I had a fluoride treatment at the dentist and received an MMR booster vaccine. My doctor is concerned about the potential risks. Online sources seem fine or...  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The MMR vaccine is a real threat in a pregnant state (mumps, measles and rubella). Yes, nobody could say you either continue or terminate the pregnancy. Just go through the details. If you wish to adopt the potential risk, then you can continue. For further information...  Read Full »

What can cause heart murmurs in a 9-day-old baby?

Query: Hi doctor, My baby is 9 days old. Heart murmur was identified during check with the pediatrician. He said that the cardiovascular system is abnormal with soft systolic grade 2/6 murmur at LSB. We have done the echocardiogram and the results are as follows: Ventricular septal defect (Q21.0) with stab...  Read Full »


Dr. Muhammad Majid Hanif

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I appreciate your trust in our services. I have carefully reviewed your query and can well establish the sensitivity of the health issues you described. The baby has actually got congenital heart malformations that are abnormalities in the development of normal heart stru...  Read Full »

What is the possibility of an abnormal baby if grandkids of sisters marry?

Query: Hi doctor, I want to know if my two sister's grandson and granddaughter get married, will their baby become abnormal? Or will the marriage affect their kid in any other way? Please explain.  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It would depend if the sisters were married to their cousins or if the parents of the grandkids were cousins. If yes, then the chances of abnormalities increase with each generation. If any of the two previous generations were not related, then the chances are very lo...  Read Full »

Is there any test to determine the chances of a person having abnormal kids?

Query: Hi doctor, Can normal tests tell that a person will have abnormal kids or no kids at all? Please explain.  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I am sorry that I am not sure which test are you referring to? If you are referring to semen analysis, then unless the tests remain normal the likelihood of having kids is high. But, this test would not tell about the abnormality of kids. If you are referring to geneti...  Read Full »

Please suggest ways to dilate an obstructed nose without surgery.

Query: Hi doctor, My baby girl is 3 weeks old and she has a problem with her right nose. She cannot breathe and the physicians said me that it is an obstruction but not an imperforation. The physicians tried to aspire and the secretions are gelatin. The secretion is bacteriologically negative. The next ste...  Read Full »


Dr. Mehak Agarwal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. With the details you have provided it seems like unilateral choanal atresia (blockage of nasal passage). Choanal atresia can be unilateral or bilateral also can be bony or membranous. It is a congenital problem that is from birth.  In unilateral, if membranous then we ne...  Read Full »

What causes restricted eye movement?

Query: Hi doctor, My son is 10 days old. His right eye has never turned towards right. It has looked left, straight, up and down but never right. His left eye has a full range of movement. I have read about squint strabismus. However, I do not read anything about a restricted eye movement. Should I be conc...  Read Full »


Dr. Vaibhev Mittal

Answer: HI, Welcome to icliniq.com. Restricted eye movement suggests two things: Duane Retraction syndrome (DRS). Congenital sixth nerve palsy. DRS is usually associated with decrease in palpebral aperture in left gaze and normal in attempted right gaze. So look for that. Both the above are conditions assoc...  Read Full »

I have structural birth deformity in hand. Is this defect hereditary?

Query: Hello doctor, I was born with a structural birth defect where my left hand is completely deformed. My left arm is normal from the wrist and above. I would like to know if this defect is hereditary if I try to have a child. What are the risk for me as a father passing any defects to my future childr...  Read Full »


Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern. It will be of great help if you can send me the picture of your deformity. I will be happy to help you further.  Read Full »

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