Inflammation of the gums, otherwise called the gingiva, is known as gingivitis. It usually results from the accumulation of plaque (soft deposit on teeth that contains bacteria) on tooth surfaces. Gingivitis does not harm the connective tissue and ligaments around the teeth, but if left untreated, it can destroy these structures and result in periodontitis.

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I have been experiencing pain in my gums but not in the tooth. Please help.

Query: Hi doctor, My gums are painful when I touch them or when the food touches them. It is turning a fake color of gray so far and it is towards the back of my mouth in the last tooth region. My tooth is not hurting but my gums are painful. What is going on?  Read Full »

Dr. Muzaffer Hussain Parray

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. As per your question it looks like you either have gingivitis (first part of your question) or pericoronitis (second part of tour question). You need to take antibiotics but only after a proper diagnosis. Please either upload a picture here o...  Read Full »

I am a 56-year-old female suffering from red and swollen gums along with sensitivity in my lower front teeth. Kindly help.

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 56-year-old female. My gums in the lower jaw are swollen and red, and I have sensitivity in the lower front teeth. I regularly do vigorous brushing. I am diabetic and take medications for it. What is the reason for my swollen and red gums?Kindly help.  Read Full »

Dr. Achanta Krishna Swaroop

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thank you for your query. I understand your concern. Gum inflammation is a common sign in diabetics, especially the swelling of the gingiva and periodontal disease. It may even lead to bone loss also in the future. What are the medications you are taking? Any other med...  Read Full »

How to treat gum swelling and bleeding?

Query: Hi doctor, Since two to three weeks I have been experiencing buccal bleeding. I have inflamed gingiva behind one of the upper teeth. I can sense the lump with my tongue on the gum. I went to the dentist and he told me that it was gingivitis and he gave me a special mouthwash for gingivitis. But, I ...  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The photos are not at all clear to give exact diagnosis (attachment removed to protect patient identity). You should start taking good antibiotics like Amoxicillin and Metronidazole for five days to reduce the gum swelling.If you can buy medicine over-the-counter then buy...  Read Full »

I wear braces, and my upper gum has become inflamed and irritated. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I am wearing braces, and my upper gum has become inflamed and very irritated, and I am not sure about the cause. I woke up one morning, and it was like this. I have been in braces before and have not had this problem.  Read Full »

Dr. Sreekesh Menon

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I thoroughly read your query and understand your concern. Gingivitis is the result of plaque buildup on your teeth, and braces can make it more difficult to reach debris with brackets and wiring in place. Naturally, when food gets trapped in your gums, it can cause a b...  Read Full »

I have gingivitis and gingival recession, along with a purplish discoloration in my gums. Why?

Query: Hello doctor, I have gingivitis, and now my gums are a bit purple. I also think my gums are receding. Kindly help.  Read Full »

Dr. Sagnik Biswas

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thank you for your query. I can understand the situation you are going through right now. But do you have any habits like smoking or drinking alcohol? Then, I suggest you to follow a few instructions mentioned below. Use a soft bristle toothbrush and brush twice d...  Read Full »

My gums are red, swollen, and bleeding despite cleaning my teeth. Why?

Query: Hello doctor, I visited a dentist for a cleaning of my teeth two weeks ago. However, my gums are still red, swollen, and bleeding. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Ummah Mohammad

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I went through your query and understood your concern. Sometimes, a single round of scaling is not enough for the gums. I suggest you follow the instructions mentioned below, 1. Get it done in two to three sittings. This will gradually reduce inflammation. 2. Try to ...  Read Full »

Why are teeth chipping, cracking, sensitive and sore since pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, Since I was pregnant with my 1-year-old son, my teeth have been chipping, cracking, very sensitive and very sore. I noticed even today. My gums are turning white. Kindly help.  Read Full »

Dr. Asma Parveen

Answer: Hello, Welcome to From the picture which you have sent me, what I can see is that your teeth are not in a very good condition. You are suffering from a condition called fluorosis, which is caused due to the excessive deposition of fluoride in the teeth, which ultimately leads to weaken...  Read Full »

My gum bleeding stopped with Metrogyl and Tan X ointment. Will it recur?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been getting bleeding from the gums for the past month. It is generalized. When I get up, maximum blood comes from my mouth in the morning. It is better to rest of the day. I did a salt water rinse and applied Tan X ointment, but nothing helped. I started taking Metrogyl 400 mg twi...  Read Full »

Dr. Himayoon Majeed Mir

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Inflammation of gums is called gingivitis, and bleeding gums are one of the symptoms of gingivitis. Gingivitis is a microbial disease with many causes that cause the microbial flora to flourish in the mouth. I would advise you to visit your dentist and do scaling (c...  Read Full »

I have had bleeding gums while biting for a month. What could be the reason?

Query: Hi doctor, I have bleeding in my gums while biting into fruits. I have had this problem for the last month. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Beryl F

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Gum bleeding is a sign of a gum condition called gingivitis. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums caused due to constant irritation by tartar or calculus (hardened yellow deposits on the tooth). Food deposits or plaque that settles on the tooth get...  Read Full »

I have a dental phobia, and one of my tooth and gums are black. What could it be?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a dental phobia and have not been able to visit a dentist in years. What could cause one tooth to turn black and the other tooth to have blackness on the gums? Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Achanta Krishna Swaroop

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. You need not worry much about visiting the dentist, as regular dental checkups are essential to prevent oral diseases, infections, and even precancerous lesions for all age groups. So from the images you have enclosed (the attachments are rem...  Read Full »

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