Inflammation of the gums, otherwise called the gingiva, is known as gingivitis. It usually results from the accumulation of plaque (soft deposit on teeth that contains bacteria) on tooth surfaces. Gingivitis does not harm the connective tissue and ligaments around the teeth, but if left untreated, it can destroy these structures and result in periodontitis.

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I have a moveable lump on the floor of the mouth near the lower front teeth. What could it be?

Query: Hello doctor, I was not brushing my teeth regularly, and I felt two small hard movable lumps at the base or floor of my mouth where the tongue meets the front two teeth. I do not drink or smoke. Am I at risk of oral cancer? The small lumps are not painful unless pressed very hard with the tongue. I ...  Read Full »

Dr. Bhargav Gutha

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Upon review, these were the findings: a) Two swellings with respect to lower left and right central incisors. b) Poor oral hygiene. The provisional diagnosis could be pyogenic granuloma or chronic generalized gingivitis. It could also be a ranula. Elaborately the...  Read Full »

Is there any way to stop my son's bleeding gums?

Query: Hello doctor,My son is in his 20s now. He often has bleeding while brushing. Unfortunately, he is very ignorant about this. I keep pestering him to go to a dentist, which he refuses to do. Since he had a horrible experience in the past, he is still scared and unwilling to go to the dentist. Why are ...  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The teeth and gums need thorough cleaning by a dentist to remove all calculus and plaque. Inflamed gums cause bleeding. The cleaning procedure is painless so motivate him to go. You can use mouthwash and warm salt water gargle twice daily to reduce inflammation. Thank...  Read Full »

After recovering from COVID-19 my gums seemed squishy. What could be done until I consult the dentist?

Query: Hello doctor, I do not have bleeding gums. My gums seem squishy, but I can not tell if it is my gums or tongue? I brush & floss regularly. I read to use peroxide, warm water, salt, or baking soda but not sure how to use it. The squishiness is driving me crazy. What can I do in the interim until ...  Read Full »

Dr. Rakshana Devi

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I will help you solve the issue. The gums may become weak and soft in case of gingivitis; though brushing and flossing are regularly done, the calculus deposits are seen and develop into gingivitis. I advise you to do scaling; scaling should be done once a year. I nee...  Read Full »

Why do I have a bad breath despite regular brushing and use of mouthwashes and flavored gums?

Query: Hello doctor, I have bad breath despite regular brushing and use of mouthwashes and flavored gums. Also, I have a dental crown in my mouth, which I do not think is the reason for my bad breath. Kindly guide.   Read Full »

Dr. Nazima Anum

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I hope you are doing good. Bad breath can occur for many reasons, one of them being gingivitis or gum inflammation that occurs due to the hardening of plaque deposited on the teeth, which cannot be removed by regular brushing. You may need a professional cleaning don...  Read Full »

I have minor gum disease. Is rinsing with saltwater enough, or should I use a mouthwash?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a minor gum disease for which the dentist recommended rinsing with saltwater in the evening after brushing. Is that right? Is it true that saltwater washes away the fluoride? Is it better to use a medicated mouthwash for one week during the day? Is brushing twice, flossing, usin...  Read Full »

Dr. Bhargav Gutha

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your reports (attachments removed to protect the patients' identity) suggest that you have gum diseases and fluorosis. The findings are suggestive of generalized chronic gingivitis, dental caries, and the presence of plaque or calculus. Periodontal involvement might ...  Read Full »

Why are my gums bleeding during and after brushing the teeth?

Query: Hi doctor,I have been having bleeding gums for two weeks while brushing my teeth, and today there was bleeding a few hours later. What could this indicate? Are there any medications necessary to help? Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Kandi Disha Yermal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through your query and attachment (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). From the attachment it is noticable that there is gingival inflammation and localized periodontitis. In a particular area there is recession and inflammation of period...  Read Full »

I have sore and bleeding gums on the upper right side. How can I manage it?

Query: Hi doctor, I have sore bleeding gums on the upper right side of my mouth. It started mild about a month ago, but it has gotten worse over the past few days. Is this gingivitis? I have a problem with food getting stuck in between my teeth in the same area for a while. What can I do? Please help. Th...  Read Full »

Dr. Krishna Swaroop Achanta

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have seen the pictures (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). You have severe gingivitis and probably periodontitis at this stage. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums basically either due to food lodgement or calculus deposits present within th...  Read Full »

Do I have gingivitis or more advanced gum disease?

Query: Hello doctor,I am wondering if I have gingivitis or more advanced gum disease? My gums are red, a little more so than you can tell in the picture, inflamed, and somewhat sensitive. I have been brushing and flossing twice or three times a day. Is it possible for me to reverse these symptoms at home? ...  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Gingivitis is easily reversible, but at least a dentist's cleaning of teeth and gums has to be performed every six months or a year. This helps in removing calculus and plaque buildup. It will not go away just by brushing or flossing. Use warm salt water gargle, ...  Read Full »

How can I get relief from severe gum pain?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 56 year old male. I have been diagnosed with gingivitis and taking medicines like Metrogyl, Amoxyllin, and Relaxon since two days. But, it is very painful today. What do I do?  Read Full »

Dr. Subha

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums are inflamed, reddish and have the tendency to bleed while brushing. When the gum disease is severe it causes pain. From the details you have given, it is clear that you are already under antibiotics and painkiller regimen. I...  Read Full »

I have dark grayish colored patches on my upper four teeth. What to do?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 24 year old female, and I have dark grayish colored patches on the crown of my four upper teeth along the gum line. I can send pictures if you want. Is it periodontitis? I am very scared.  Read Full »

Dr. Tinu Thampy

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for your query. The dark gray colored deposits on your teeth is a part of the subgingival calculus. That means, the deposits started long back and irritated the gingiva. The slight bleeding from gums made it stained. This is not periodontitis. But, it is the sta...  Read Full »

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