Q. Please explain the diagnosis of MRI result.

Answered by Dr. Aida Quka and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

 

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Image: Please explain the diagnosis of MRI result.

Hello doctor,

I would like to know the diagnosis of this MRI result.

Multiplanar and multisequential MRI of the brain without intravenous contrast administration was taken. Single voxel MR spectroscopy through the basal ganglia was also performed. The brain parenchyma demonstrates interval development of diffuse cerebral volume loss, most prominently involving the cortex, with a widening of the sulci and ex-vacuo dilatation of the ventricular system. There is a faint T2-FLAIR hyperintense signal of the bilateral hemispheric white matter. There is sparing of the cerebellum and only mild interval thinning of the corpus callosum. Interval development of a subdural collection along the left cerebral convexity, most prominent at the left frontal convexity causing a mild mass effect on the left frontal parenchyma. It shows mildly increased FLAIR signal, likely related to proteinaceous content. The intraorbital optic nerves have decreased volume, compatible with optic atrophy. There are punctate foci of susceptibility artifact in the right parietal and right occipital region, likely related to minimal hemosiderin staining. No mass lesion or midline shift. There is no acute intracranial hemorrhage or acute territorial infarction. No hydrocephalus. No cerebellar tonsillar herniation. Preserved flow voids of the major intracranial vessels. There are bilateral mastoid and middle ear effusions and mucosal disease of the bilateral paranasal sinuses.

Single voxel MRI spectroscopy at the basal ganglia demonstrates increased choline and mildly decreased NAA, nonspecific markers of parenchymal injury. Impression:

  1. Interval development of severe supratentorial brain volume loss with thinning of the intraorbital optic nerves.
  2. Interval development of a subdural collection along the left cerebral convexity with mild mass effect on the left frontal lobe.

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Dr. Aida Quka
FACULTY OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF TIRANA., NEUROLOGY POST GRADUATION DEGREE, UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL CENTER
Neurology

Hello,

Welcome to icliniq.com.

I read carefully and reviewed the patient MRI report (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and would explain that it shows a progressive brain atrophy (brain cell death) and small ischemic strokes, which could cause progressive dementia. These changes are probably related to small vessel disease of the brain (chronic changes in small brain vessels caused by uncontrolled diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking, etc.).

There is also a subdural collection, which is causing mild compression on the left frontal lobe. I would recommend consulting with a neurosurgeon about this. I would also recommend to closely monitor his blood pressure values, periodically check his fasting glucose and blood lipid profile. If dementia is present (memory troubles, confusion), I would recommend treatment with Donepezil or Memantine. Hope to have been helpful.

For more information consult a neurologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/neurologist


 

Thank you doctor,

Is this case treatable?

 

Dr. Aida Quka
FACULTY OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF TIRANA., NEUROLOGY POST GRADUATION DEGREE, UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL CENTER
Neurology

Hello,

Welcome back to icliniq.com.

I understand your concern and would explain that this disorder cannot be cured. It is a progressive disorder which may worsen gradually with time. Anyway, treatment with Donepezil or Memantine can help improve the memory problems. The better control of blood pressure values and periodical check-ups for fasting glucose, blood lipid profile, will help slow the progression of the disorder.

Regarding the subdural collection, it should be monitored with periodical check-ups with CT (computed tomography) scan or brain MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) every three months. Consulting with a brain surgeon may be needed if the dimensions of the collection increase with time. Baby aspirin is necessary to help prevent further strokes, but the subdural collection is a counter-indication for this drug in this patient.

I would also recommend performing a regular physical activity, avoid alcohol intake and smoking contacts.

For more information consult a neurologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/neurologist

 
 
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