Diabetes Health

Diet and Exercise for Diabetic Patients

Written by
Dr. Qazi Mujahid Ali
and medically reviewed by Dr. Sneha Kannan

Published on Sep 03, 2019   -  2 min read

Abstract

Abstract

This article explains the myths and confusion about the diabetic diet.

Diet and Exercise for Diabetic Patients

Diet for people with diabetes always remains the prime topic amongst all. When a person is diagnosed with diabetes, the first thing that strikes the mind is to stop all the food he or she loves to eat or drink. This makes the patient feel deprived and lonely, which makes the patient depressed. The patient thinks that it is impossible to move in a social circle, which is not true as you can enjoy parties by avoiding junk food. And do extra dieting in the following week.

Fortunately, the diet scenario is different now. After several kinds of research and studies, the majority of dietitians developed a consensus that a diabetic person needs to take a balanced diet.

What Is a Balanced Diet?

Our diet mainly consists of carbohydrate, protein, and fat, and all three are needed for the proper functioning of the body. What we need to understand is that we have to balance these according to our need.

Carbohydrates:

Carbohydrate is divided into simple and complex.

  • Simple carbohydrates - It consists of sugar and its products. It absorbs quickly and increases glucose levels in a short period.
  • Complex carbohydrates - It is present in beans, wheat rice, and vegetables. It absorbs slowly and increases glucose levels slowly and for a longer duration.

In diabetic patients, we prefer complex carbs but with limitations and avoid pure sugar as much as possible.

Protein:

Protein is an integral part of our diet. It is divided into animal protein and non-animal protein.

  • Animal protein should be consumed in the size of a palm every day. Consuming lean meat is better than red meat.
  • Non-animal protein sources are soy, lentils, cheese, and dairy products. Dairy products need to be fat-free.

Fats:

Fats are of saturated and unsaturated types. Saturated fats should be avoided, and its primary source is milk and other dairy products. Fat from plant source is further divided into polyunsaturated and monounsaturated. Limited consumption of plant-sourced fats like canola, sunflower, and olive oil is safe for people with diabetes. It is usually advised to avoid deep-fried and bakery items. The basic idea is to avoid fat contents.

The fiber in vegetables also plays a pivotal role in the control of diabetes.

As far as physical activity is concerned, every diabetic patient is advised to walk 25 minutes for five days a week. But someone unable to follow this, you can modify it according to your physical ability. If someone is unable to walk, he or she can exercise on the bed or chair.

Last reviewed at:
03 Sep 2019  -  2 min read

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