In rapidly urbanizing cities, it has become a regular phenomenon to have a post monsoon surge of fever cases. Chikungunya is also one among them.
Fever has many causes viral being one of them. Viral fever is very common during the change of seasons. Different viruses like influenza virus, flavivirus, etc., can cause febrile illnesses. The viral infection can be acquired either through direct contact with the patient (droplet infection) or by a vector as in case of dengue and chikungunya, where one acquires the infection by a mosquito bite.
Chikungunya is caused by the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito. It bites usually during day time, while malaria, which is a Plasmodium disease, occurs through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.
To know more about chikungunya fever consult an infectious diseases specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/general-medicine-physician/infectious-diseases
The incubation period is the number of days between the initial exposure of the pathogen and the consecutive development of symptoms. The incubation period of chikungunya fever is 3 to 8 days from the day of the bite of an infected mosquito. However, it can range from 1 to 12 days.
People living or traveling to tropical and subtropical countries and people living in communities with compromised individual or community sanitation that increase the risk of mosquito breeding during an ongoing epidemic are prone to mosquito-borne infections.
Once an individual acquires chikungunya, the body tries to fight off the viral infection and the virus by releasing certain chemicals called inflammatory mediators to attack the virus. This infection-inflammation process eventually ends up damaging cells of the joints, muscle, etc., resulting in inflammation of the joints.
- Caffeinated drinks and beverages.
- Carbonated drinks.
- Oily and fatty foods.
- Junk foods.
- Sugary foods.
- Spicy foods.
- Processed and frozen foods.
The below-listed long-term health effects of chikungunya are pronounced in older patients and those with severe chikungunya.
- Chronic joint pain.
- Joint stiffness and swelling.
Yes. Practicing the range of motion exercises and strengthening exercises can improve joint flexibility and help subside joint pain to some extent.
Fever due to chikungunya usually subsides within 7 to 10 days of onset.
Being a viral infection, chikungunya does not have a permanent cure as of now. However, to relieve symptoms such as headache, fever, joint and muscle ache pain killers, and fever medications might be used along with rest and plenty of water.
Chikungunya resolves on its own and does not have any treatment to cure it. The following measures might be beneficial in fast recovery:
- Adequate rest.
- Drinking plenty of fluid.
- Paracetamol and painkillers to treat pain and fever.
- Having nutritious foods.
To date, there is no medicine available to cure chikungunya permanently. But medicines such as Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, and Naproxen help relieve fever and joint or body pain and provide symptomatic relief.
When compared between dengue and chikungunya, dengue can be more concerning due to its longer fever duration, chances of dengue hemorrhagic fever associated with bleeding in the nose, stomach, gums, skin, dengue shock, and death in extreme conditions.
Chikungunya cannot spread from one person to another by touching or by any other means. Infected mosquitoes usually transmit the virus and infection in people they bite. Also, a healthy mosquito can acquire the infection from a chikungunya-affected person when it bites them and transmit it to another healthy individual when it bites them.
Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018 - 1 min read
Query: Hello doctor, I am 18 years old. What if I have six tablets of 500 mg Paracetamol (Crocin advance) and seven tablets of 500 mg Mefenamic acid (Ponstan forte) at one go (within five minutes)? How bad will it be? What will the side effects be? Read Full »
Article Overview: The recent speculation about the spread of the Nipah virus in a Southern State in India has surely brought jittery feelings among everyone. In this article, I will take you through the Nipah virus, its mode of transmission, symptoms, precautionary measures, and treatment. Read Article
What is Nipah Virus (NiV)? Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus that belongs to the family of viruses called Paramyxoviridae and genus Henipavirus. It is capable of spreading from an infected animal to a person and is mainly transmitted from the Fruit bats which are also known as flying foxes. These Nip... Read Article
Most Popular Articles
Do you have a question on Aedes Mosquito or Viral Fever?Ask a Doctor Online