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Common Medical Conditions Data Verified

Chikungunya Fever

Written by
Dr. Anshuman Srivastava
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Sep 27, 2016 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018   -  1 min read

Abstract

In rapidly urbanizing cities, it has become a regular phenomenon to have a post monsoon surge of fever cases. Chikungunya is also one among them.

Chikungunya Fever

Fever has many causes viral being one of them. Viral fever is very common during the change of seasons. Different viruses like influenza virus, flavivirus, etc., can cause febrile illnesses. The viral infection can be acquired either through direct contact with the patient (droplet infection) or by a vector as in case of dengue and chikungunya, where one acquires the infection by a mosquito bite.

Chikungunya Fever:

Chikungunya is caused by the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito. It bites usually during day time, while malaria, which is a Plasmodium disease, occurs through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.

To know more about chikungunya fever consult an infectious diseases specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/general-medicine-physician/infectious-diseases

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Frequently Asked Questions


1.

What Is Chikungunya’s Incubation Period?

The incubation period is the number of days between the initial exposure of the pathogen and the consecutive development of symptoms. The incubation period of chikungunya fever is 3 to 8 days from the day of the bite of an infected mosquito. However, it can range from 1 to 12 days.

2.

Who Is Prone to Chikungunya Fever?

People living or traveling to tropical and subtropical countries and people living in communities with compromised individual or community sanitation that increase the risk of mosquito breeding during an ongoing epidemic are prone to mosquito-borne infections.

3.

What Is the Reason for Joint Pain in Chikungunya?

Once an individual acquires chikungunya, the body tries to fight off the viral infection and the virus by releasing certain chemicals called inflammatory mediators to attack the virus. This infection-inflammation process eventually ends up damaging cells of the joints, muscle, etc., resulting in inflammation of the joints.

4.

What Foods Should I Avoid for Chikungunya?

- Caffeinated drinks and beverages.
- Carbonated drinks.
- Oily and fatty foods.
- Meat.
- Junk foods.
- Sugary foods.
- Spicy foods.
- Alcohol.
- Processed and frozen foods.

5.

What Long-Term Effects Does Chikungunya Cause?

The below-listed long-term health effects of chikungunya are pronounced in older patients and those with severe chikungunya.
- Chronic joint pain.
- Joint stiffness and swelling.

6.

Does Exercise Help Reduce Joint Pain in Chikungunya?

Yes. Practicing the range of motion exercises and strengthening exercises can improve joint flexibility and help subside joint pain to some extent.

7.

When Will Chikungunya Fever Subside?

Fever due to chikungunya usually subsides within 7 to 10 days of onset.

8.

What Does Untreated Chikungunya Do?

Being a viral infection, chikungunya does not have a permanent cure as of now. However, to relieve symptoms such as headache, fever, joint and muscle ache pain killers, and fever medications might be used along with rest and plenty of water.

9.

How Can I Quickly Cure Chikungunya?

Chikungunya resolves on its own and does not have any treatment to cure it. The following measures might be beneficial in fast recovery:
- Adequate rest.
- Drinking plenty of fluid.
- Paracetamol and painkillers to treat pain and fever.
- Having nutritious foods.

10.

Which Medicine Treats Chikungunya Efficiently?

To date, there is no medicine available to cure chikungunya permanently. But medicines such as Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, and Naproxen help relieve fever and joint or body pain and provide symptomatic relief.

11.

Which Fruit Helps Improve Chikungunya Symptoms?

- Orange.
- Lemon.
- Pomegranate.
- Berries.
- Melons.
- Pineapple.
- Papaya.
- Guava.

12.

Which Is More Concerning, Dengue or Chikungunya?

When compared between dengue and chikungunya, dengue can be more concerning due to its longer fever duration, chances of dengue hemorrhagic fever associated with bleeding in the nose, stomach, gums, skin, dengue shock, and death in extreme conditions.

13.

Can an Affected Person Spread Chikungunya by Touch?

Chikungunya cannot spread from one person to another by touching or by any other means. Infected mosquitoes usually transmit the virus and infection in people they bite. Also, a healthy mosquito can acquire the infection from a chikungunya-affected person when it bites them and transmit it to another healthy individual when it bites them.

Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018  -  1 min read

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