iCliniq logo

Ask a Doctor Online Now

HomeHealth articlesobstructive sleep apneaWhat Causes Snoring?

Snoring: How to Stop This Annoying Problem?

Verified dataVerified data
13
Snoring: How to Stop This Annoying Problem?

5 min read

Share

Snoring occurs when something restricts the airflow in the mouth or nose during sleep. Keep reading this article to know this condition in detail.

Medically reviewed by

iCliniq medical review team

Published At August 4, 2018
Reviewed AtJuly 27, 2023

What Is Snoring?

Snoring is a common condition. Anybody can snore at some point in life. For example, while some individuals breathe heavily while sleeping, others make a soft whistling sound. Snoring occurs when air cannot flow easily through the nose or mouth. Snoring can disrupt sleep quality and be a nuisance for the bed partner.

Is Snoring Ever Normal?

Almost everyone snores now and then, but it can be a chronic problem for some people. Snoring does not necessarily mean a medical condition but can sometimes indicate a serious sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is described by loud snoring followed by a few seconds of quietness due to a pause in breathing.

How Common Is the Problem?

As many as 45 % of individuals snore sometimes, and 25 % snore almost all the time. Men, especially those above 50 years, overweight or obese, are more likely to snore than women.

Why Do People Snore?

If the airway is restricted, tissues such as the soft palate, tonsils, adenoids, and tongue vibrate against each other as one forces air through the mouth or nose. These vibrations produce a rumbling, rattling noise.

Several factors and conditions can block airflow. Here are some of them:

  • Alcohol and other sedatives can relax the throat and tongue muscles, restricting airflow and contributing to snoring noises.

  • Bulky soft tissue, like enlarged adenoids, tonsils, or tongue.

  • Certain seasonal allergies or sinus infections can make some individuals' noses stuffy and cause them to snore.

  • Being overweight can lead to the narrowing of the air passages. That is why people who are overweight tend to snore.

  • Pregnancy hormones can cause inflammation in the nose.

  • Poor muscle tone and muscle weakness in the nose, tongue, or throat. Nose, throat, and tongue muscles can be too relaxed, which causes them to collapse into the airway.

  • Deviated nasal septum (when the thin wall that divides one nostril from the other is off-center) or nasal polyps (a painless non-cancerous growth on the nose lining or sinuses) can also obstruct the airways.

  • Structural differences in the nose, mouth, or throat decrease the size of the airway.

  • Sleeping on the back can make one snore. Sleeping on a pillow that is too soft or too large can also be one of the factors for snoring.

  • The throat muscles might relax too much if a person is not getting enough sleep.

What Are the Symptoms of Snoring?

Snoring sounds can range from quiet whistles or vibrations to loud grumbling, snorting, or rumbling. Snoring is frequently associated with a sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea. Not everyone who snores has this condition, but if any of the following symptoms accompany snoring, it can be a hint to see a healthcare provider for evaluation.

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness.

  • Breathing pauses during sleep.

  • Difficulty concentrating and moodiness.

  • Morning headaches.

  • Sore throat upon awakening.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Chest pain at night.

  • Restless sleep.

  • Gasping or choking at night.

  • In children, behavioral issues, poor attention, or poor performance in school can cause snoring.

What Are the Complications of Snoring?

Snoring can sometimes be more than just a nuisance to the bed partner. Apart from disrupting the bed partner's sleep, if snoring is associated with obstructive sleep apnoea, it can cause problems, including:

  • Poor night's sleep can make one feel sleepy during the day, interfering with the quality of life.

  • Difficulty concentrating.

  • Frequent frustration or anger.

  • High blood pressure, stroke, and heart conditions.

  • Children with obstructive sleep apnea have a high risk of behavior problems, like aggression or learning difficulties.

  • Frequent waking from sleep.

  • Waking up several times at night disrupts the pattern of sleep.

How Is Snoring Diagnosed?

The healthcare provider reviews the signs, symptoms, and medical history to diagnose the condition. The provider can also perform a physical examination to look for the things blocking the airways, such as chronic nasal congestion due to rhinitis, sinusitis, deviated septum, or swollen tonsils. Additionally, the provider might ask your partner questions about when and how you snore to help evaluate the severity of the problem.

They may also order some tests, including:

  • Imaging Test: The provider may recommend an imaging test, such as an X-ray, a computerized tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These imaging tests help check the structure of the airway for problems like a deviated septum.

  • Sleep Study: The provider may order a sleep study called a polysomnogram to evaluate sleep patterns. One can do a sleep study at home or may need to spend the night in a sleep center to undergo an in-depth analysis of breathing during sleep. A sleep study assesses:

    • Brain wave activity.

    • Breathing patterns.

    • Heart rate and oxygen levels.

    • Eye, arm, or leg movements during sleep.

    • Sleep cycles and snoring.

What Are the Treatments for Snoring?

The provider recommends treatments for improving the posture or opening the airways during sleep. Remedies for snoring include:

Home Remedies:

  • Avoid drinking alcohol before bed.

  • Changing the sleep position. Sleep on the side rather than on the back.

  • Maintaining a healthy weight.

  • Establish regular sleeping patterns, like, try going to bed at the same time every night.

  • Improve eating habits.

  • Avoiding sleep deprivation.

  • Use nasal strips. These flexible bands stick to the outside of your nose, which helps keep nasal passages open.

  • Wear an oral appliance when sleeping to keep your jaw in the proper position so air can flow. Mouth devices or mouth guards are such oral appliances.

Medications: For mild cases of snoring due to swelling of the lining of the nose, the provider may prescribe a steroid nasal spray to take before going to sleep. Cold and allergy medications alleviate nasal congestion and help in breathing freely.

Surgical procedures or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may be prescribed for severe cases of snoring due to sleep apnea.

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or CPAP: This is the most effective and reliable treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea that involves wearing a mask over the nose or mouth during sleep. This mask delivers pressurized air from a small bedside pump to the airway to keep it open during sleep. CPAP stops snoring and is commonly used to treat snoring when associated with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA).

Surgical Treatments: In some cases, snoring and sleep-disordered breathing are treated with surgery to shrink or remove extra tissue or correct a structural problem.

  • Laser-Assisted Uvulapalatoplasty (LAUP): It reduces tissue in the soft palate and enhances airflow.

  • Septoplasty: This approach straightens a deviated nasal septum. It improves airflow through the nose by reshaping the bone and cartilage.

  • Radiofrequency Ablation: This minimally invasive technique utilizes radiofrequency energy to shrink excess tissue in the tongue and soft palate.

  • Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy: The surgery involves removing the excess tissue from the back of the throat (tonsillectomy) or the back of the nose (adenoidectomy).

Conclusion:

Snoring can be annoying and disruptive. Sometimes it can also be a symptom of a larger underlying medical problem. Talk to a healthcare provider if snoring lasts longer than a few nights or is very loud. Long-term snoring can cause serious health issues, including heart attack, stroke, and other health problems. Snoring can be reduced by staying healthy and active, losing weight, avoiding alcohol, and adopting other lifestyle changes. Discuss with a healthcare provider the available treatments to help one breathe easier, sleep better, and feel more rested.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.

What Are the Ways to Stop Snoring?

The ways to stop snoring may include the following:
- Treating nasal congestion.
- Sleeping on the side.
- Using nasal strips.
- Avoiding alcohol and smoking.

2.

Why Is Snoring So Annoying?

If a person gets unduly annoyed with snoring, the fault may only partially be on the person who snores. If a person gets annoyed with sounds like snoring, screeching, or squeaking, they may suffer from misophonia. This condition is known as the hatred of sound.

3.

Is Snoring Curable?

Yes, snoring is curable. The treatment depends on the cause of snoring. The doctor may recommend a device called continuous positive airway pressure to treat snoring. It helps maintain the air pressure in the lungs and prevents snoring.

4.

How to Sleep With a Snoring Partner?

Ways to sleep with a snoring partner include:
- Using ear plugs.
- Avoid focusing on snoring.
- Listening to music or white noise. 
- Encouraging the partner to visit a doctor.

5.

Why Is Snoring Considered Unhealthy?

Snoring is considered unhealthy as it may signify some underlying conditions. It may be caused due to conditions such as obesity, alcohol, and smoking and hence considered unhealthy.

6.

Do Snorers Hear Themselves?

No snorers usually do not hear themselves. While sleeping, their brain does not perceive sensory information. Hence a person cannot hear their own snores. However, a snorer may occasionally hear their own snoring.

7.

For How Long Do People Snore?

Research among Americans has shown that a person snores about two or three times at night. The snoring can last between 15 minutes to 30 minutes. The snoring duration varies slightly among men and women.

8.

What Is the Reason Behind Excessive Snoring?

Snoring, to a certain extent, is acceptable. However, excessive snoring is associated with certain underlying conditions. For example, conditions such as sleep apnea can cause excessive snoring. However, this may not be the case in all cases, and it is better to obtain a medical opinion.

9.

What Are the Risk Factors of Snoring?

The risk factors of snoring include
- Obesity.
- Smoking and alcohol habits.
- Nasal congestions.
- Family history of sleep apnea.
- Men are at greater risk than women.

10.

What Are the Most Effective Treatments for Nasal Congestion?

The most effective ways to treat nasal congestion are:
- Using nasal dilators.
- Losing weight.
- Sleeping on the side. 
- Avoid smoking and alcohol. 
- Treating nasal obstruction.

11.

When Should Snoring Be a Cause of Concern?

Snoring should be a cause of concern when it is associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition with a pause in breathing while sleeping. It is also associated with excessive daytime sleepiness. Hence a doctor should be consulted when there is obstruction of breathing and snoring.

12.

Is It Normal to Snore every day?

Most of the population snored at some point or another in life. However, snoring becomes a chronic issue if it occurs every day. Snoring every day can cause sleep disturbance and also disturb their partner's sleep. Hence chronic snoring should not be taken lightly. It is also observed that snoring worsens with age.

13.

Which Sleeping Posture Avoids Snoring?

Sleeping posture can have a significant impact on the snoring of a person. Sleeping on the side can significantly affect the snoring of a person. Sleeping on one side causes lesser air compression, hence reduced snoring.
Dr. Mohammed Osama Aboborda
Dr. Mohammed Osama Aboborda

Otolaryngology (E.N.T)

Tags:

deviated nasal septumobstructive sleep apneasleep apneasnoring
Community Banner Mobile
By subscribing, I agree to iCliniq's Terms & Privacy Policy.

Source Article ArrowMost popular articles

Ask your health query to a doctor online

Otolaryngology (E.N.T)

*guaranteed answer within 4 hours

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. iCliniq privacy policy