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Triglycerides - Causes, Medications, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Published on Apr 18, 2020 and last reviewed on Apr 30, 2020   -  5 min read

Abstract

Triglycerides are derivatives of glycerol and fatty acids. They might sound simple but the causes and symptoms contributed by them are huge. To know more about triglycerides, read this article.

Triglycerides - Causes, Medications, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

What Are Triglycerides?

Triglycerides are the basic constituents of body fat. They are found in the blood. Any type of calorie which is not needed at present is converted into triglycerides. Triglycerides are stored as fat cells. They play an important role in controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Triglycerides should be maintained at optimum levels. Any abnormality in these ranges paves the way for a wide range of diseases.

What Is the Normal Triglyceride Level?

The normal level of triglyceride is less than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).

Higher levels are associated with heart diseases.

What Are the Causes of High Triglycerides?

What Are the Medications That Increase Triglycerides?

What Are the Symptoms of High Triglycerides?

What Are the Risk Factors?

What Are the Good and Bad Cholesterols?

LDL is Low-density lipoprotein and HDL is High-density lipoprotein. High-density lipoprotein is known as good cholesterol and the low-density lipoprotein is known as bad cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein prevents too much cholesterol depositing in the blood vessel. The normal range of low-density lipoprotein is 70-130 mg/dL and the normal range of high-density lipoprotein is 40-60 mg/dL. It is always better to maintain the low-density lipoproteins in the lower range and high-density lipoprotein in the higher range.

What Is VLDL?

VLDL is Very-low density lipoprotein. It contains huge amounts of triglycerides. It tends to deposit cholesterol on the walls of arteries and hence it is considered as “bad cholesterol”. The normal level of very-low-density lipoprotein is 2-30 mg/dL.

What Are the Differences Between Cholesterol and Triglycerides?

Both cholesterol and triglycerides are variants of lipids that circulate in the blood. The carbohydrates are converted to calories. The calories which are not used, are stored as triglycerides. They provide the energy needed for the body. We all know that a high level of bad cholesterol is not an indication of good health. Also, a high triglyceride level is harmful too.

How to Reduce Your Triglycerides Level?

What Are the Exercises to Reduce the Triglyceride Level?

The exercise regimen should always start with warm-up exercises. Exercising consistently is an important factor to be followed for positive results. But, it is necessary to take breaks between the regimen. So, working out on the alternate days will be helpful. Your muscles will feel relaxed without fatigue. Cardio exercises will help you to sweat a lot. When you sweat, it is possible you are losing more weight. Some of the exercises you can try out are:

  1. Jump squats.

  2. Crab plank.

  3. Burpees.

  4. Mountain climbers.

  5. Running up the stairs.

Exercise+Diet= Better results

What Are the Foods to Be Taken to Reduce Triglyceride?

Fishes such as salmon, sardine, flax, oats, bean, almond milk, orange juice, nuts, avocado toast, apple bran muffins will help. Avoid eating chocolates, candies, and drinking coffee.

How to Get the Diagnosis?

Lipid profile test. This includes the detection of many types of lipids residing in blood. It is the source of energy for the body. This test has to be done once in five years to check the general health status.

What Is a Triglyceride Test?

Before the test, a fasting period of around 10-14 hours is required. The patient should drink only water during the fasting period. Alcohol should be avoided 24 hours prior to the test. The test needs your blood sample. It will be analyzed in the laboratory. A lab technician will receive a blood sample by drawing blood from a vein in your hand. There are certain procedures to be followed to get the blood sample:

  1. The site of injection is cleaned with an antiseptic solution. An elastic band is wrapped around the arms for allowing the blood to fill the vessels.

  2. A needle is inserted into your vein and the blood in a tube that is attached to the needle.

  3. After the tube is filled with blood, the elastic band is removed. A small piece of cotton may be used to arrest excessive gauze bleeding.

After the test is complete, the laboratory might require a few hours to calculate the results. The level of triglyceride may be identified in the results.

What Is the Treatment for High Levels of Triglycerides?

Are You Having Too Low Triglycerides?

Having too low levels of cholesterol can be both advantageous and harmful. The causes for very low triglycerides level is consuming too low-fat products, certain fat lowering drugs, and hyperthyroidism.

Positive Side: Increases the lifespan of the individual and it also increases the cognitive skills and function. People who have low triglycerides are known to have no dementia even in their elderly age.

Negative Side: Malnutrition, malabsorption, and severe weight loss.

What Are the Medications That Increase the Triglycerides Level?

You might be on regular medications for maintaining blood pressure. But they might be increasing your level of triglycerides.

Some of the notable medications are:

The triglycerides level being high might be the reason for many health issues. Suffering from obesity or any related illness, call a doctor online.

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Frequently Asked Questions


1.

What Do Increased Triglycerides Indicate?

Raised level of triglycerides in the blood is an indicator of obesity, and metabolic conditions like hypertension, increased cholesterol, hypothyroidism, and abnormal blood sugar, which eventually increases the risk of heart diseases and stroke.

2.

How Can I Promptly Reduce Triglycerides?

- Maintain ideal body weight.
- Follow a consistent meal pattern.
- Reduce the intake of sugar.
- Do regular exercises.
- Take a fiber-rich diet.
- Intake of fewer carbohydrates.
- Increase the intake of unsaturated fats.
- Limit trans-fat consumption.
- Eat fatty fish at least twice weekly.
- Take soy protein.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Consume more nuts.

3.

What Is the Alarming Level of Triglycerides?

Triglyceride values ranging above 500 mg/dL indicate a very high level, which means an increased risk of developing pancreatitis, heart diseases, and stroke. However, any level above 150 mg/dL is considered an increased level of triglyceride.

4.

What Is the Leading Cause Of Raised Triglycerides?

Leading cause of increased triglycerides is obesity and uncontrolled diabetes. In addition, overweight, sedentary lifestyle, increased alcohol intake, and increased consumption of sugar lead to a raised level of triglycerides.

5.

How Can We Reduce the Level of Triglycerides?

Consuming cold water fishes rich in omega-3 fatty acids like sardines, tuna, mackerel, salmon, herring, and halibut help reduce triglyceride levels. In addition, fiber-rich foods like oats, chia, psyllium, bran, and flax also help reduce triglycerides in the blood. Olive oil replaced for fatty foods like butter also play a role in reducing the level of triglycerides in the blood.

6.

What Foods Are to Be Avoided at High Triglycerides Levels?

- Vegetables rich in starch.
- Beans with white meat like pork.
- Dried fruits. Also, limit the consumption of fruits.
- Coconut.
- Alcohol.
- Canned fish packed in oil.
- Honey.
- Starch-rich foods.
- Maple syrup.
- Foods with high sugar content.
- Meats rich in fat.
- Baked food substances.
- Butter.

7.

Are High Triglycerides Curable?

Although raised triglycerides impose an increased risk of life-threatening conditions, it is highly treatable. Treatment options that have increased potential like administering statins, vitamin B3, fibrates, and omega-3 fatty acids help in treating the disease to a greater extent.

8.

Can Triglycerides Fluctuate Every Day?

Triglycerides show diurnal variation; that is, they exhibit considerable fluctuations even in a single day. Their level is the lowest at about 3 AM, which then rises till mid-afternoon, after that it presents a gradual fall.

9.

Are Raised Triglycerides Worse Than Increased Cholesterol Levels?

Triglycerides are a type of fat that helps in storing the extra calories and provides the body with energy when needed. However, an increased level of triglycerides poses an increased risk for heart diseases like raised cholesterol values.

10.

Does the Level of Triglycerides Increase Cholesterol Level?

Increased triglyceride level is associated with raised low-density lipoproteins (LDL)
cholesterol levels and reduced high-density lipoproteins (HDL). High triglyceride levels
along with reduced HDL level is believed to pose an increased risk of heart diseases and stroke.

11.

What Is the Effect of Triglycerides on Alcohol?

Alcohol consumed breaks down into triglycerides and cholesterol, thereby increasing the level of triglycerides in the blood. It also contains high sugar content and calories, increases the free fatty acid flow into the liver, and also hampers the body's capacity to break down fat.

Article Resources

Last reviewed at:
30 Apr 2020  -  5 min read

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