Diet and Nutrition

Obesity - What You Need to Know Before Planning a Regime to Lose Weight?

Written by Dr. Saumya Mittal and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Image: Obesity - What You Need to Know Before Planning a Regime to Lose Weight?

Most obese patients lose the will to try to lose weight because they feel that it is not going to help them much. They suspect that the small weight losses that they have are not worth the effort. This is however not true. Even those small weight losses help relax the blood pressure, helps relieve some insulin resistance. In fact, a more gradual weight loss is better because the person tends to keep it down more easily after having lost the weight in the first place. One also notices that even that small loss of weight will help improve your mood and relax your tensions and tiredness.

The goal of any weight loss therapy is to :

  • Reduce the weight to the ideal/healthy weight.
  • Maintain the weight at the ideal/healthy body weight.

A successful weight loss regime includes :

  • Increased physical exercise
  • Managing the time you eat (i.e. eating at the right time every day)
  • Modifying the quantities you eat
  • Changing the reasons of why you eat
  • Changing the attitude and behavior

Some medicines and surgery can be offered in selected cases.

While managing the obesity issues and trying to help the person lose weight, the trainers and even many physicians follow a general set pattern that they prescribe to every person. Let’s face it. No one is the same and everyone needs a different set of exercises, different doses of medicines and even different counseling to help them stay motivated.

There is no single policy applicable to everyone. And it is wise to remember that the regime needs to be changed from person to person keeping in tune with the associated comorbidities, the extent of obesity, and the motivation levels of the person trying to lose weight. Even one’s BMI changes the way a person will respond to a regime.

A spectrum of social, environmental and psychological factors may work on the person’s interest and motivation to exercise.One still has to go far in understanding obesity completely. Better strategies may be formulated with a better understanding of the way obesity seemingly self-perpetuates itself.

Obesity is a condition that involves many causes and risk factors. These factors may be related to the genes and genetic makeup of the person. Alternatively, the environment and the exercise schedule that a person follows may be a relevant risk factor. Psychological effects are important, as the person who is trying to lose weight may be frustrated by attempts to lose weight and yet failing to lose weight or regaining it as soon as the regime is stopped.

One needs to find out one's causes of obesity to effectively manage it and plan a regime for weight loss. All the factors and all the comorbidities such as coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia(abnormal amount of lipids) and diabetes should be considered before a plan is formulated to lose weight.

A support system should be devised to help the person stay motivated to lose the weight. They should be educated about the weight, the problems arising from it and the regimes that they can use to try and lose weight. Above all, they should be counseled to set realistic goals that are achievable and therefore help the person stay motivated. Missing out on the target may lead the person to be depressed further. And depression itself is a cause of weight gain.

The judgment should be carefully made as to what the person can and should achieve. The person and the regime planner should talk and understand each other’s ideas and limitations clearly to make the regime successful.

Help should be sought from other health care professionals including - behavioral health coaches, nutritionists, exercise trainers, care coordinators, dieticians and so on.

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018



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