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Easy Exercises for Knee Osteoarthritis (OA)

Written by
Dr. Ankita Sharma
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Jul 27, 2018 and last reviewed on Aug 01, 2019   -  2 min read

Abstract

This article talks briefly about knee osteoarthritis and stresses on how you can benefit from special physiotherapy exercises for the knee.

Easy Exercises for Knee Osteoarthritis (OA)

Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that features the breakdown and eventually, loss of the cartilage of one or more joints. Osteoarthritis occurs more frequently as we age, the common age group of onset being 40 to 50 years. Osteoarthritis is referred to as degenerative joint diseases (DJD). Osteoarthritis commonly affects the hand, feet, and large weight-bearing joints like hip and knee joints. Osteoarthritis is a chronic joint disorder of cartilage. It is not a systemic disease, unlike rheumatoid arthritis which is a systemic autoimmune disorder.

Osteoarthritis is partly a result of natural aging of the joint, where the water content of the cartilage degenerates as a result of biologic processes. The cartilage begins to degenerate by flaking or forming tiny crevasses. In advanced osteoarthritis, there is a total loss of cartilage cushion which causes friction between bones, leading to pain. There is then a limitation in the mobility of joints. Inflammation of cartilage can also stimulate new bone growth spur (osteophytes).

Risk Factors

Signs of Joint Inflammation

  1. Pain.
  2. Tenderness.
  3. Stiffness.
  4. Restricted mobility.
  5. Heat.
  6. Redness.

Diagnosis

It is very hard to diagnose OA until there is pain or debilitating symptoms.

Treatment

  1. Surgical: Knee replacement.
  2. Medication: NSAIDs.
  3. Exercise: This is a more effective treatment for acute OA. Sticking to the following regimen provides maximum benefit.

For chronic osteoarthritis

  1. Surgery is recommended.
  2. Total knee replacement is done.
  3. Medication is recommended for pain relief.
  4. After surgery, physiotherapy is suggested for early mobility.

0-5 day:

5-15 days:

15-30 days:

30-45 days:

The patient can do all activities except bending knees. Sitting on the floor is restricted. For pain relief, painkiller medicine is suggested.

For more information consult a physiotherapist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/physiotherapist

 

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Last reviewed at:
01 Aug 2019  -  2 min read

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