Parenting & Children's Health Data Verified

What Is Genetics?

Published on Sep 13, 2019 and last reviewed on Aug 11, 2022   -  3 min read


Genetics is the study of how certain traits and risk for diseases are passed to children from their parents. Learn about genetic disorders and available genetic testing options.

What Is Genetics?


Genetics is a novel and rapidly growing field of medicine. Genetic disorders were previously considered rare and not worth looking for. However, in a country like India with 130 crore population, we are expected to see more patients with genetic disorders than any other country in the world. The need of the hour is that we clinicians should actively look for the markers of genetic disease and start diagnosing and treating patients accordingly.

Who Needs Genetic Evaluation?

Steps of Genetic Evaluation, Counseling, and Management:

For Strategizing Next Pregnancy or Prevention:

When to Refer or Evaluate a Family with a Genetic Disorder?

Testing Options:

The genetic testing options available are as follows:

All these tests are available in various labs across India and internationally, and most of these tests are done now at affordable pricing. The clinician’s responsibility is to motivate the family, making them realize the importance of these testing, giving them adequate time to save money and do these confirmatory tests. The selection of the test, reliability of the lab, and the interpretation of the results are the key factors in successful genetic testing and diagnosis.


Genetic disorders are not very uncommon in day to day pediatric practice. They carry a significant risk of recurrence too. Finding out the exact cause by proper testing helps the physician in providing effective management and anticipatory guidance. Screening of parents and family members, risk assessment for next pregnancy, and preventive strategies also help.


Last reviewed at:
11 Aug 2022  -  3 min read




Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers

I have keratoconus in both eyes. Kindly advise on my planning for pregnancy.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 27 years old. I got my eyes checked recently and came to know that I am suffering from keratoconus. Both my eyes are damaged. I got my right eye treated and left yet to be done. I have done research on keratoconus and came to know that the cause of this disorder is unknown, but ...  Read Full »

69-year old smoker diagnosed with colon cancer. Does she need chemotherapy?

Query: Hi doctor, My mom is 69 years old, smoker and she was diagnosed with colon cancer. She used to suffer from her stomach pain and we ended up doing a colonoscopy for it and the doctor found a tumor. We need to know what is the best way to help her and what is recommended in her case? Should the docto...  Read Full »

Can a gay man father a child?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a gay, married to a woman and had sex with my wife. My question is can my sperms impregnate my wife? If it happens, my children will be straight or gay?  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Genetic Inheritance or Genetic Testing?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.