HomeHealth articlessexually transmitted diseasesWhat Is Venereal Disease?

Venereal Disease - Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.

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Venereal disease is a disease that is transmitted from person to person during sexual contact. It can be transmitted through blood and body fluids too.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Raveendran S R

Published At February 6, 2023
Reviewed AtFebruary 6, 2023


Millions of people around the world suffer from venereal diseases every year. Venereal diseases are some of the most common diseases that spread through sexual contact. Venereal diseases can be treated with conventional medical care, but there can be long-term consequences. This article will examine different venereal diseases and how they can be treated.

What Is Venereal Disease?

Venereal disease is an infection that is spread through sexual contact. One of the common forms of venereal disease is gonorrhea, caused by the bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. Other forms of venereal disease include chlamydia, syphilis, and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) or AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). They are

Tertiary Syphilis:

Tertiary syphilis is the third stage of syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can occur years after a person contracts the initial infection. If left untreated, tertiary syphilis can be fatal. Symptoms include:

  1. Gummas: These are growths that can occur in the skin, muscles, bones, or organs.
  2. Neurosyphilis: This is a form of syphilis that affects the nervous system. Symptoms include changes in personality, memory loss, paralysis, and blindness.
  3. Cardiovascular Syphilis: This form of syphilis affects the heart and blood vessels. Symptoms include aneurysms, strokes, and heart failure.


Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause symptoms in both men and women. In men, the most common symptom is a burning sensation when urinating, discharge from the penis, pain in the testicles, or rectal pain. In women, vaginal discharge, burning sensation, pelvic pain, or rectal pain.


Chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia Trachomatis and is usually transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease:

Untreated STIs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can sometimes lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs that can cause serious illness and even death. Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease are lower abdomen pain, fever, chills, and an unusual discharge from the genitals. Several different bacteria, including gonorrhea and chlamydia, can cause PID. It is a serious condition that can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pain. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to preventing long-term complications.

What Are the Symptoms of Venereal Disease?

There are several STIs that can be present without causing any symptoms. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HPV show no symptoms at the early stage of infection. However, many STIs can cause long-term health problems if not treated early. This is why it is important to get tested regularly, even if you feel perfectly healthy.

Several symptoms can be associated with venereal disease, and these can vary depending on the specific condition. In general, however, patients may experience fever, fatigue, muscle aches, and joint pain. They may also have sores or lesions on their genitals and may notice a discharge from these areas. In some cases, venereal diseases can also lead to problems with the urinary system, such as pain or difficulty urinating. If left untreated, venereal disease can cause serious health complications, including infertility, organ damage, and even death.

What Are the Causes of Venereal Disease?

There are many venereal diseases, but they all have one thing in common, they are caused by sexual contact with someone infected.

There are several ways that someone can become infected with a venereal disease.

  1. The most common is through unprotected sexual intercourse with someone infected. This can happen through vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
  2. Another way someone can become infected is by sharing needles or other injecting equipment with someone infected. This is common among people who use intravenous drugs.
  3. Venereal diseases can also be spread by blood transfusions, organ transplants, or sharing contaminated towels or other personal items.

Most venereal diseases can be treated with antibiotics. However, some, such as HIV, can be deadly. That is why it is important to practice safe sex and to get tested if you think you may have been exposed to venereal disease.

How Are Venereal Diseases Diagnosed?

There are a few different ways that venereal disease can be diagnosed. One common way is through a physical examination. This can involve looking for signs of infection, such as sores or lesions, and then testing samples from these areas for the presence of the disease. Another way to diagnose venereal disease is through blood tests. This can help identify the specific type of disease present. Finally, venereal disease can also be diagnosed through urine tests. This is often the preferred method for diagnosing diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea.

How Are Venereal Diseases Treated?

Depending on the specific type of infection, venereal diseases are treated. Most venereal diseases can be treated with a course of antibiotics. However, in some cases, more than one antibiotic may be necessary to clear the infection completely. In other cases, such as syphilis, more aggressive treatment may be necessary, including hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics. In any case, it is important to consult a doctor or other medical professional to determine the best course of treatment.

How to Prevent Venereal Diseases?

The most important thing is to have protected sex, which means the usage of condoms for every sexual intercourse. You should also get tested regularly for STDs and avoid having sex with partners who have STDs. Finally, it is essential to visit a physician if you think you may have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection to be properly diagnosed and treated.


The bottom line for the venereal disease is that it is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that should not be taken lightly. If you are suffering from venereal disease, you must see a doctor as soon as possible. While some venereal diseases can be cured, others can lead to lifelong complications, so it is important to get diagnosed and treated as soon as possible. The early diagnosis of the disease is the easy way to treat the disease.

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Dr. Raveendran S R
Dr. Raveendran S R



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