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Lipoma - Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Published on Apr 07, 2022 and last reviewed on May 03, 2022   -  5 min read


Lipoma is a soft lump that is present beneath the skin layer. Read the article to know its causes, types, symptoms, diagnosis, risk factors, prevention, and treatment.


What Is a Lipoma?

A lipoma is a fatty lump, which is a very slow-growing mass commonly seen between the skin and the muscle below the skin layer. It is usually benign and does not convert to cancer. A lipoma that grows very fast and or is painful should be consulted with a physician and may require a biopsy. They can occur in any age group but are usually seen in middle-aged people.

What Can Cause Lipoma?

The cause of lipoma is unknown. There is a link between lipoma and genetics, so they seem to run through the families. Injuries like a blow is also a common cause that triggers the growth of lipoma.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Lipoma?

The signs and symptoms of lipoma may include:

What Are the Types of Lipomas?

What Are the Risk Factors for Lipoma?

1. Men are more likely to get multiple lipomas than females, but both sexes are equally likely to get lipoma.

2. Genetics.

3. They are commonly seen in people with medical conditions like:

4. Other risk factors that can cause lipoma are:

How to Diagnose Lipoma?

The techniques used to diagnose lipoma are:

What Are the Treatment Options for Lipoma?

The lipoma is rarely harmful, and it usually does not require any treatment unless it is bothering you. Sometimes the lump which resembles a lipoma can be a cancerous condition called liposarcoma. The liposarcoma is a cancerous tumor that multiplies on the fatty tissues that do not move under the skin and are usually painful. Lipoma need not be removed as they are not cancerous and cannot become cancer, but they need to be removed if they have the following symptoms:

What Are the Steps Involved in Surgical Removal of Lipomas?

What Are the Other Methods Used to Remove the Lipoma?

How to Prevent Lipoma From Occurring?

The best way to prevent lipoma are:

When Should You Seek Medical Help if You Notice a Lipoma?

Seeking medical help is needed in the following conditions:


When you see swelling or a lump in your body, you need to check it with a doctor. Check whether it is a harmless lipoma or something else that needs to be treated or removed. Rarely, a lipoma can be formed in the internal organs or more in-depth into the muscles, but if it occurs and causes pain, it needs to be removed.

Frequently Asked Questions


What Causes a Lipoma?

The exact cause of lipoma is unknown. However, lipomas might be genetic, where a person is at a high risk of having lipoma if their family members are known to have it. Frequent injury to a site is also suspected of causing lipoma.


Is It Mandatory to Surgically Remove a Lipoma?

Lipoma does not usually require any treatment. However, if it keeps growing or if it becomes painful and bothersome, your doctor may recommend surgically removing it.


Can Lipomas Turn Into Cancer?

No, lipomas are not cancer, and they do not increase the risk of cancerous transformation.


Can Weight Loss Remove Lipomas?

Lipomas are known to increase in size when a person gains weight. But, weight loss does not usually decrease the size of the lipoma.


Are Lipomas Hard or Are They Soft?

Lipomas are harmless and soft benign tumors that do not usually require any treatment.


Can a Lipoma Burst?

Lipomas are fat cysts that are harmless benign soft tumors, and they do not usually burst.


How Do You Know If You Have Lipoma?

Lipomas usually develop during middle age. They can feel like a small soft mass under your skin that readily moves if touched with your finger. Lipomas are usually painless.


When Does a Lipoma Hurt?

Lipomas are usually painless, but in certain instances, if a lipoma has many blood vessels or when a lipoma presses against a nerve fiber, it can cause pain.


Can Lipoma Be Cured Naturally?

Some natural healers claim that they can cure lipoma with natural remedies like plants and herbs like white cedar tree extracts. However, there is no evidence to prove its role in cure.


Can Lipomas Get Attached to Muscles?

Most cases of lipomas are free to move under the skin. However, some lipomas can get attached to skeletal muscles.


What Can Happen if I Do Not Treat Lipoma?

Lipomas are harmless, soft, benign tumors, and they do not usually require any treatment. They do not cause any significant harm if left untreated except for some unesthetic bumpy appearance.


Are Lipoma Surgeries Painful?

You might feel slight pain at the site of surgery for a few days that usually subsides in a few weeks.


What Lipomas Are Considered to Be Large?

Lipomas are slow-growing benign tumors, and they rarely reach 2 cm. If a lipoma reaches 5 cm, then it is considered to be a giant lipoma.

Last reviewed at:
03 May 2022  -  5 min read




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