Published on Sep 06, 2018 - 2 min read
Nausea and vomiting, although common symptoms, can cause a lot of distress when it is persistent. It is important to find out the cause and treat it accordingly.
Nausea is an unpleasant feeling in the stomach that often precedes vomiting. It may or may not be followed by actual vomiting. Vomiting is the forceful throwing up (expelling out) of contents of the stomach through the mouth.
Both nausea and vomiting are commonly caused by different conditions. Both are not diseases per se but non-specific symptoms of various illnesses or disorders.
Some common causes of nausea and vomiting are:
Here are some signs to watch out for in case of persistent vomiting:
Nausea and vomiting can be managed at home with these tips:
When to Seek Help?
Usually, nausea and vomiting are not serious and are common symptoms which can be managed. But, consult a doctor if:
Once you seek a doctor's advice, they will find the cause based on your associated symptoms and history. In some cases, a few investigations may be necessary to rule out certain disorders:
There are many groups of antiemetics which may be prescribed based on the cause. Some commonly prescribed drugs include:
To control nausea and vomiting, medications such as Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate, and Dramamine (for motion sickness) can help. Apart from this, home remedies like aromatherapy (scents of clove, lavender, peppermint), ginger or fennel tea, and deep breathing can also help.
Sudden nausea is seen in peptic ulcers, motion sickness, food poisoning, and pregnancy.
The following tips can relieve nausea:
- Sitting up straight.
- Sitting in front of a fan.
- Cool compresses on the back of the neck.
- Sip on clear fluids, lemon or chamomile tea.
- Inhale peppermint essential oil.
- Take antiemetic medications.
Yes, stress and anxiety can result in various mental and physical symptoms, including nausea. When you are extremely stressed or anxious, you feel your stomach churn. This can result in nausea and even vomiting.
Yes, dehydration is known to cause nausea. Severe dehydration can result in nausea and dizziness, which can make you throw up and lose more water. Dehydration can also lower your blood pressure, again resulting in nausea.
Hunger pangs, which is caused by the buildup of acids in the stomach or stomach contraction, can indeed make you nauseous. Stomach acids can also regurgitate and result in nausea.
If you experience any of the following signs or symptoms along with nausea, then get immediate medical help:
- Chest pain.
- Severe headache.
- Jaw pain.
- Profuse sweating.
- Breathing difficulty.
- Stiff neck.
Nausea is commonly associated with chemotherapy, which are drugs given to treat cancer. But in some cases, cancer of the bowel can lead to bowel obstruction, nausea, or vomiting.
Yes, it is. Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infection of the stomach can result in nausea, stomach cramps and pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Query: Hello doctor,I have a problem of acidity. It feels like a condition when a woman is going through morning sickness. I am 21 and single, but every morning I feel nausea and cannot eat anything until I throw up. Any slight stress, excitement, or sadness increases acidity that I am not able to eat anyt... Read Full »
Query: Hi doctor, I am a 21 year old female. I was bulimic for about a year. It happens once or twice a week. I never noticed any permanent changes in my eyes throughout my episodes. However, the last time I ever binged and purged three months ago, I vomited violently. A few weeks after this, I noticed tha... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I am a female, 45 kg, 5 feet one inch. I have nausea, slight pain and burning sensation in upper left abdomen, and discomfort on the left side of the abdomen. I am currently on Dolgina, Librax, Calbo. Read Full »
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