Published on Mar 13, 2019 and last reviewed on Apr 10, 2019 - 5 min read
Menopause is not a disease or a condition, but a normal part of life when a woman ceases to menstruate and is no longer fertile. Menopausal symptoms occur a few months to years before and after the last period.
Menopause is not a disease or a condition, but a normal part of life when a woman ceases to menstruate and is no longer fertile. Menopausal symptoms occur a few months to years before and after the last period. The average age of menopause is between 49 and 52 years. Although it is a natural process, it causes major changes and triggers a lot of symptoms.
A woman is said to have reached menopause when she does not have any vaginal bleeding for a year. For women who have had surgery to remove the uterus, menopause is said to occur after the surgery or when the levels of hormones produced by the ovaries fall. For most women, specific treatment is not needed for the symptoms seen before menopause, which is caused due to a reduction in the estrogen levels.
A finite number of eggs are stored in the ovaries when a woman is born. The ovaries also control ovulation and menstruation by producing hormones like estrogen and progesterone. During ovulation every month, the ovaries release one or more eggs for fertilization and formation of an embryo. If no fertilization takes place, the uterus lining, that gets ready to receive an embryo, sheds and is called menstruation. When the ovaries no longer have eggs to release every month, menstruation stops and it results in menopause.
Natural menopause is a gradual process, which has the following three stages:
Menopause after 40 years of age is considered normal, but if it occurs before 40 years, no matter what the cause, it is known as premature menopause. The conditions that can cause premature menopause are:
The intensity of menopausal symptoms is different for every woman. The symptoms are usually severe when it occurs over a short period of time or suddenly.
Some of the complications seen after menopause are:
If you are 45 years old or younger and experiencing menopausal symptoms, it is best you consult a gynecologist. The doctor should be able to diagnose your condition with the presenting signs and symptoms. In addition, he or she may also tell you to take the following tests:
As already mentioned, menopause is not a disease, so there is no treatment for menopause. But in cases of severe premenopausal and menopausal symptoms that affect the quality of life, then the following treatments are indicated.
These medications are available only on prescription, and OTC (over-the-counter) use is not recommended.
If you are experiencing menopausal symptoms, which is not getting better with home remedies, it is best you consult a gynecologist. With the help of online healthcare platforms, you can consult professionally trained and experienced doctors through phone or video consultation, or by posting a query.
Query: Hello doctor, My period started 12th of last month. I reviewed the Depo shot two days later. I had unprotected sex nine days later. He ejaculated in me several times. I thought I would be protected but I am also having symptoms of ovulation like high (hard) cervix with a sharp pain in my ovary, the... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I consulted with you the last time whether I can be pregnant as I had sex with my partner on the eighth day of my period and we used condoms as protection. You told that I would not get pregnant. Today I am on the fifth day of my period. On the first two days, the bleeding was no... Read Full »
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