Q. My brother is hypertensive and stressed. Is this a serotonin syndrome or hereditary?

Answered by
Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq
and medically reviewed by Dr. Preetha J
This is a premium question & answer published on Nov 09, 2020 and last reviewed on: Nov 25, 2020

Hi doctor,

My brother is 39 years old and has hypertension. His BP 145/98 normally. But sometimes his BP shoots up to 164/110. Yesterday his BP was 168/110. He was having no symptoms like palpitations or headache, though feeling a bit uneasy. He took Amlodipine 10 mg. After taking some rest, his BP was 152/95. He was in stress then and not able to sleep. I gave him one tablet Ashwagandha to make him relaxed. After an hour, his BP was 145/88. His heart rate was 94. In the evening, he took Flunil 20 for getting relieved of stress. His BP got normal 128/84. At night he was feeling severe nausea, vomiting, and acidity. Now his BP has increased again BP 157/112. Vomiting is not getting stopped. What to do? His first hypertension was detected when he was 18 years old. During the college examination, he got severely stressed that his BP was 162/110, 18 years back. In the past, he used to take Betacap and Statins.

#

Hi,

Welcome to icliniq.com.

Thanks for the query. Blood pressure is a dynamic entity; it is not static. It keeps changing throughout the 24 hours and vary during different activities and moods. The same is with heart rate. Fear, anger, fight, exertion, pain in the body, depression, and anxiety affect the heart rate and blood pressure. Checking blood pressure at the time when one has a headache will give high blood pressure reading. Depression and inadequate sleep will raise blood pressure. All this is normal. Blood pressure is elevated when one is relaxed, sleep is adequate, sitting calmly, and still, blood pressure is raised despite checking multiple times. Measures to control BP are,

  • Avoid smoking and other addictions.
  • Reduce salt intake in the diet.
  • Reduce fatty foods, junk foods, and saturated fats.
  • Avoid stress and anxiety.
  • Do regular moderate-intensity exercise such as brisk walk for 30 minutes.
  • Have proper night sleep, at least eight hours per 24 hours, including at least six hours in uninterrupted night sleep.
  • Reduce weight even if the weight is within the normal range
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Do deep breathing exercises and meditation
  • Measure BP while you are relaxed, sit for five minutes in a quiet room without talking to anyone.
  • Empty bowel and bladder before checking BP.
  • Avoid tea or coffee 30 minutes before checking BP.
  • Sit on a chair with feet on the ground, back supported, hand supported on a table, cuff at the position of the heart.
  • Check BP, and repeat after five minutes again.
  • Then Check BP in the other arm and repeat after five minutes.
  • During the entire period, remain to relax and quiet.
  • Component with higher BP readings is your BP.

You may take at least two or more readings, and an average of readings is your actual BP. If these measures do not help, then switch to medicines. But before switching, have renal function tests and electrolytes done. If tests are normal, and you are not allergic to components of the following drugs. Tablet Amlodipine or Valsartan 5/160 mg once daily. Take daily in the morning or evening time. Measure BP daily, as described above, for two to three weeks. If it normalizes, continue medicine; if not, reconsult. Please repeat renal function tests and electrolytes after one week of starting this medicine.

Hi doctor,

Thanks for your reply.

He took Flunil 20, Amlip 10, and Ashwagandha the same day. He also had vomiting and nausea after that. I fear if it was a serotonin syndrome. He earlier never had taken any antidepressants or SSRIs. Can you prescribe a better medicine for stress and anxiety? Sometimes he has panic attacks too. He tells me he is not able to sleep because of stress.

Our father was also hypertensive and took stress a lot. He was also not able to sleep because of tensions he could not avoid. He died of a heart attack. I fear for my brother. Is all this genetic or hereditary? We recently lost our mother, who died of cardiogenic shock and suffered NSTEMI, hypoxia, and severe chest pain.

#

Hi,

Welcome back to icliniq.com.

Thanks for the follow-up.Is he regularly taking Flunil (Fluoxetine) and Amlip (Amlodipine) or just took these medicines for the first time? Flunil itself can cause insomnia. Exercise, meditation, sleep can reduce depression. Avoid sitting without any work, pass time in any activity. Does an overdose of Fluoxetine cause serotonin syndrome? Recently dose increased? If started for the first time, take it 10 mg daily at night. Also, take a Lorazepam tablet to assist in sleep. Regards.


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