Renal Function Test

Renal function tests or kidney function tests are a group of diagnostic procedures done to determine how efficiently the kidneys are functioning. Here, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, uric acid, sodium, potassium, chloride, and total protein in the urine or blood are tested to determine your GFR (glomerular filtration rate) for identifying problems in the kidneys.

Recently Answered Questions Recently Answered Questions

All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Why am I suffering from cloudy urine for a month?

Query: Hi doctor, For the last one month, I have been suffering from cloudy urine. It is intermittent and does not happen every day. But, when I am urinating I can visually see my urine changing color to milky white. It happens nearly always at the end of my urine stream. Why?  Read Full »


Dr. Raja Ramesh

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Cloudy urine could be too many causes like phosphaturia (phosphorus in urine), pyuria (pus in urine), chyluria (chyle in urine), stone disease, etc. The exact content that is causing cloudiness should be identified and treatment given accordingly. Do urine routine, u...  Read Full »

Can lower abdominal pain occur after unprotected sex?

Query: Hello doctor, My query is regarding sexually transmitted infection. I had unprotected sex 51 days back. I had mild fever with a very mild burning sensation on my penis for three days after that encounter. I consulted a doctor and she gave five shots of Ceftriaxone for five days. The mild burning ...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharat Udey

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It seems that you have been tried on multiple antibiotics on just hit and run basis. Firstly, you were given Ceftriaxone for five days without getting the relevant investigations. Then you took antiviral medications followed by Doxycycline. You have taken a whol...  Read Full »

What could be the reason for my increased creatinine level?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a UTI with an E. coli infection detected. My blood urea is 27 mg, and the serum creatinine is 1.3 mg. My primary health doctor advised me to consult with a nephrologist to find out the reason behind the rise of creatinine levels. He told me that the creatinine level is near bor...  Read Full »


Dr. Aurangzebl Afzal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The probable cause could be interstitial kidney injury or interstitial nephritis. Differential diagnosis includes drug-induced kidney injury and infection-induced toxic insult. E.coli (Escherichia coli) can cause toxic and interstitial injury to kidneys, but it is us...  Read Full »

I have pain and discomfort in the pelvic area, which aggravates while sitting. Kindly help.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 48 year old male. My height is 160 cm, and weight is 84 kg. I have a pain and discomfort in the pelvic area which gets aggravated on sitting, lower back pain, irritation on peeing, burning sensation in the pelvic region which radiates at times to the leg. I have seen a urologist...  Read Full »


Dr. Ajit Kumar Varma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your history suggests that you have a chronic mild to moderate inflammation of the pelvic organs, most probably the urinary bladder. The possibility of a chronic epididymo-orchitis also has to be ruled out. Please do get the following investigations: CBC (complete bloo...  Read Full »

My 10-month-old daughter has puffy eyes in the morning. Kindly help.

Query: Hi doctor,My 10 months old daughter has puffy eyes after she wakes up from sleep in the morning. Her blood results show AST (SGOT) as 71 IU/L. Puffiness will vanish during the day after few hours. Do we need to worry about this? Her AST (SGOT) is 71 IU/L, ALT (SGPT) is 28 IU/L, globulin is 1.8 g/dL...  Read Full »


Dr. Preeti Puranik

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Early morning puffy eyes commonly indicate some problem relating to the urinary system. It can even be a urinary infection. Get a urine analysis done. She also requires renal function tests (blood test). It is better you take her to a local pediatrician for a physical ch...  Read Full »

Can lithium damage your kidney and thyroid?

Query: Hello doctor, My health issue started 11 years back when I was diagnosed with mania. Since then, I have been taking Olimelt 5 mg. My weight has increased from 65 to 100 kg. Whenever I tried to stop the medicine, the problem worsened. I have had four manic episodes in all these years. The last epis...  Read Full »


Dr. Aditya Gupta

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, Lithium can cause this side effect. Kindly discuss with your treating psychiatrist regarding substituting Lithium with Lurasidone or Quetiapine. Topiramate can be added to counter weight gain after discussing with your treating psychiatrist. Remember, every probl...  Read Full »

I have pain in the back, abdomen, and testicles. What is the cause?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 39 years old male, and I have pain in my back, the right side of the abdomen, and testicles. My hair is falling rapidly, and I have developed gastritis. My eGFR value is 69, serum creatinine is 1.3, chloride is 106.9, bilirubin total is 1.81, bilirubin direct is 0.52, bilirubin ind...  Read Full »


Dr. Raja Ramesh

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. From this details provided you have following problems. Stage 1 renal failure. Hypertension. Mild jaundice. With the above condition, mild pain in testis and back is most likely due to a kidney problem. I would suggest following investigation and opinions for further de...  Read Full »

What are the effects of Paracetamol poisoning?

Query: Hi doctor, My cousin is a 20-year-old female with a weight of 73 kg and a height of 5'6 feet. She took 18 tablets of Dolo 650 in a day. What will happen to her? She took the medicine yesterday, and she vomited it after eating some food in the evening. Now, she is feeling quite well. What can happen...  Read Full »


Dr. Pawar Satyajit Jalinder

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your query and understand your concern. I would like to know the following: 1) Does she have any symptoms like nausea, malaise, vomiting, or abdominal pain? 2) How many hours have passed since she has taken the PCM (Paracetamol) tablets? 3) Di...  Read Full »

Do beta-blockers help in treating tremors?

Query: Hi doctor,I am 28 years old. I am suffering from the tremor. Initially, the tremor was not so severe and now, it is severe with shaking hands and head. I came to know that beta blockers are helpful in curing it. Is that true? Can you please suggest if there is any medication for it.  Read Full »


Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concerns. First of all, I would like to inform you that it is not possible to tell whether beta blockers are effective as the presence of tremor can occur due to various medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism, alcohol abuse, anxi...  Read Full »

When should I worry about the polyp in my gallbladder?

Query: Hello doctor, Last month I had pain in the upper abdomen. I had taken an abdomen scan, and the impression was 3 mm polyp in the gallbladder. The doctor had asked me to come after a month for follow-up, two days back, I had repeated the scan, and the impression is 3 mm polyp. It still remains the sa...  Read Full »


Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. This gallbladder polyp is probably not the reason for your pain. It is probably because of gastritis. I would recommend following in such case scenario to my patients: 1. Capsule Pan D (Pantoprazole and Domperidone) once daily in an empty stomach for seven days. 2. ...  Read Full »

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