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HomeAnswersPulmonology (Asthma Doctors)respiratory healthI am worried about influenza and pneumonia. How to prevent them?

What are the precautionary measures for preventing respiratory illnesses?


The following is an actual conversation between an iCliniq user and a doctor that has been reviewed and published as a Premium Q&A.

Medically reviewed by

iCliniq medical review team

Published At February 29, 2024
Reviewed AtFebruary 29, 2024

Patient's Query

Hello doctor,

I am a 65-year-old woman concerned about my overall respiratory health, particularly regarding influenza and pneumonia. Can you provide information on the potential risks of influenza and pneumonia for someone in my age group, and how can I enhance my resilience against these respiratory illnesses? Additionally, are there specific considerations or preventive measures I should take to safeguard my respiratory health?


Welcome to icliniq.com.

I understand your questions about health at this age.

Certainly, as we age, our immune system may become weaker, making us more susceptible to respiratory illnesses like influenza and pneumonia. Here is some information on the risks and preventive measures:

1. Influenza:

  • Risks: Influenza, commonly known as the flu, can cause mild to severe illness, including fever, cough, and body aches. In older adults, the flu can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia, hospitalization, and even death.
  • Preventive measures: The best way to prevent the flu is by getting an annual flu vaccine. The vaccine is recommended for everyone six months and older, especially those at high risk of complications, such as older adults. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently, avoiding close contact with sick people, and covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.

2. Pneumonia:

  • Risks: Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs that can cause symptoms such as cough, fever, and difficulty breathing. Older adults are at higher risk of developing pneumonia due to weaker immune systems and other underlying health conditions. Pneumonia can lead to serious complications, such as hospitalization and death.
  • Preventive measures: To prevent pneumonia, it is essential to maintain good overall health by eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and exercising regularly. Quitting smoking and avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke can also help prevent respiratory illnesses. Additionally, practicing good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, can help prevent the spread of germs that cause pneumonia.

3. Enhancing resilience:

  • Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help strengthen your immune system, making it more resilient to respiratory illnesses.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of respiratory illnesses, so it is essential to maintain a healthy weight through a healthy diet and regular exercise.
  • Manage underlying health conditions: Chronic health conditions such as asthma, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and diabetes can weaken your immune system and increase your risk of respiratory illnesses. It is essential to manage these conditions through medication, lifestyle changes, and regular check-ups with your healthcare provider.
  • Get enough sleep: Getting enough sleep is essential for maintaining good overall health, as it allows your body to repair and rejuvenate. Aim for seven to eight hours of sleep each night.
  • Stay hydrated: Drinking enough water is essential for maintaining good overall health, as it helps keep your lungs moist, making it easier to breathe.

In summary, to enhance your resilience against respiratory illnesses like influenza and pneumonia, it is essential to get an annual flu vaccine, practice good hygiene, maintain good overall health through a healthy diet, regular exercise, and enough sleep, manage underlying health conditions, and stay hydrated.

Hope this addresses your query.


Same symptoms don't mean you have the same problem. Consult a doctor now!

Dr. Vandana Andrews
Dr. Vandana Andrews

General Practitioner

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