Thyroid Nodules

The unusual growth of the thyroid cells forming a solid or fluid-filled lump in the thyroid gland is a thyroid nodule. A thyroid nodule is related to cancer. But the chances are meager. Different thyroid nodules are multinodular goiter, inflammatory nodule, colloid nodules, thyroid cysts, and hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules. A very low percentage of thyroid nodules are cancerous. Most of the nodules remain unnoticeable. Rarely they cause hoarseness of voice, pain in the neck, palpable mass, difficulty swallowing, etc. They can cause both hypo and hyperthyroidism. Watching, radioactive iodine, and surgeries are the available treatment options.

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Is it possible to treat my left side thyroid enlargement without removal?

Query: Hello doctor,The right side of my thyroid was removed two years back due to enlargement. After removal, testing was done, and no cancer was detected. My remaining left side has always been slightly enlarged, but it becomes slightly bigger over the past month, and when pressure is applied, there is a...  Read Full »

Dr. Sugreev Singh

Answer: Hi, Welcome to As you mentioned, it is increasing in size, so in that case, you should do your thyroid function test and USG (ultrasound) examination of that remaining part. If it is normal swelling, then it can be treated with medicines. Otherwise, the remaining part also has to be r...  Read Full »

What is adenomatous thyroid hyperplasia?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a male of 39 years. I went for an ultrasound for my thyroid and the result is diffuse thyroid enlargement with small solid nodules consider adenomatous thyroid hyperplasia. My T3 result is 2.59, T4 135.4 and TSH 17.34, this result was taken before two months. After a month, I took T...  Read Full »

Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I just read your query and from what you have mentioned it appears that you had enlarged thyroid gland due to hyperthyroidism and the ultrasound also meant that the thyroid gland was enlarged simply because it was hyperfunctioning. And now that you are on medication...  Read Full »

Can a woman without thyroid gland conceive and live a normal life?

Query: Hi doctor, Can I marry a woman without a thyroid gland? She has a nodule in her left lobe of thyroid gland but after total thyroidectomy, there was no cancer. I am tensed because she has no thyroid gland. The surgeon said it is not a matter but some doctors say there will be a complication in future...  Read Full »

Dr. Chandwadkar Ashish

Answer: Hi, Welcome to According to your history, the queries you have are usual and answers are yes, she can live quite a normal life provided she takes the supplement Eltroxin (Levothyroxine) timely and according to the prescription. Yes, she can conceive but for further information, you sh...  Read Full »

Is surgery needed for colloidal nodules in thyroid lobe?

Query: Hello doctor, I have colloidal nodules in my right thyroid lobe. My T3 and T4 are fine. Please suggest whether I need to go for surgery. I am not very sure if I have a problem while swallowing or not. I have problem to swallow when I get throat infection and cough.  Read Full »

Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I just read your query and from what you have mentioned it appears that your thyroid nodule and lymph nodes are enlarged. Your thyroid function test results are good (attachment removed to protect patient identity) but you have to do an FNAC (fine needle aspiration c...  Read Full »

Can mixed spongiform thyroid nodules be malignant ?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a female, 32 years old. I do not understand what my ultrasound report means. My gynecologist and PCP both felt a large mass on the right side of thyroid and told me that they have to refer me out and I need another biopsy. The last biopsy was a year back and it was benign. It was ...  Read Full »

Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I just read your query and from what you have mentioned it appears that you have a thyroid nodule. According to the guidelines, if the nodule is more than 75 % of spongiform appearance, then they are benign and if less than 75% then there is a chance of malignancy wh...  Read Full »

How can I prevent the 9-mm thyroid nodule from growing?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 27-year-old female. Recently, I had a high blood pressure onset that lasted for four days. In addition to this, I am stressed, tired, and not looking or feeling well as I have a very engaging and stressful job. During the days of high blood pressure, I went to see a doctor, and ...  Read Full »

Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I just read your query, and from what you have mentioned, it appears that you have a benign thyroid nodule that is less than the size required for the criteria for surgery. Therefore, your doctor plans to prevent it from growing further by giving you Thyroxine with iod...  Read Full »

I have been diagnosed with benign multinodular goiter. How to manage it?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been recently diagnosed with multinodular goiter and have done FNAC, which turned to be benign. Is there any other way to get rid of the enlargement of the goiter and the nodules? My thyroid is full of them ranging from 0.5 to 0.9 mm. What should I do? I feel lost, and I have a con...  Read Full »

Dr. Swaraj Waddankeri

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Can I see the FNAC (fine needle aspiration), and ultrasound of the thyroid reports? Do you have a family history of thyroid illness?   Read Full »

Is there a natural way to reduce the chance of surgery for thyroid nodules?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 41 year old male. My weight is 196 lbs and height is 6 feet. I have nodules in the thyroid gland since last two years. Initially, it started as a feeling of imbalance in the head about two years back. The initial assumption was vertigo and later it was found to be a small nodul...  Read Full »

Dr. Divakara. P

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Basically, your scan reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) are showing that you have thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) along with a nodule in the thyroid gland. Because of this problem you are having the symptoms. Initially,you had hyperth...  Read Full »

The nodule on my left thyroid has grown to 3.9 cm. I want to know about the next steps in treatment. Please help.

Query: Hello doctor, I have been monitoring a nodule on my left thyroid for about the past 12 years. It has grown and is now 3.9 cm. Attached are the reports from a recent ultrasound, nuclear medicine thyroid uptake or scan, and biopsy. My blood levels have usually always been normal, however, in the last...  Read Full »

Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I just read your query and the reports that you have attached (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). It does seem like your thyroid nodule has considerably enlarged and now turned overactive. In my opinion, it would be better to get it removed surgic...  Read Full »

I underwent a thyroid function test this morning. What does the report suggest about my thyroglobulin antibody levels, and how to manage the nodule?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a question about thyroid function tests. I had a test this morning, and the results are as follows: T4 95 nmol/L (59 to 154) TSH 1.37 mIU/L (0.27 to 4.2) Free thyroxine 16.5 pmol/lm (12 to 22) Free T3 5.5 pmol/L (3.1 to 6.8) Thyroglobulin antibody 15.1 IU/ML (0 to 115) Thyroid ...  Read Full »

Dr. Thiyagarajan. T

Answer: Hello,Welcome to thyroid function and antibody levels are in the normal range. The dominant thyroid nodule on the right side by the report is a cyst and is usually benign. The other nodule is also of low risk according to the report and smaller, so repeating the ultrasound in 6 to 1...  Read Full »

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