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Obesity: The New Age Epidemic

Written by
Dr. Alok Vinod Kulkarni
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Jan 03, 2015 and last reviewed on Sep 05, 2019   -  3 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Obesity is a complex lifestyle disease that seems to have assumed epidemic proportions. We have failed to nip it in the bud and modern day waistlines are expanding at an alarming rate. This article discusses the causes of obesity and the measures to halt its progress.

Obesity: The New Age Epidemic
Contents

An epidemic is something that spreads rapidly and affects an inordinately large number of people at the same time. There will be a rapid rise in the number of new cases well above the defined baseline. By this simplistic definition, obesity fits the bill rather perfectly. Obesity is a lifestyle disease. That is, it occurs due to a combination of factors, most notably due to a faulty lifestyle.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

When the (Body Mass Index) BMI is equal to or more than 30 kg/meter square, a person is said to be obese. There are three grades of obesity and a person with a BMI equal to or more than that of 40 kg/meter square is said to be 'morbidly obese', or said to have grade 3 obesity. Obesity is not the same as being overweight. A BMI of 25 kg/meter square or exceeding that is classified as being overweight.

Causes of Obesity

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Medical Complications due to Obesity

Obesity comes with its fair share of other medical complications. Obesity increases the risk for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), gall bladder stones, and depression. Unfortunately, doctors are being the victims to this disease as a result of their long consulting hours which leaves little room for exercise, modern day stresses and unhealthy eating patterns.

How do we Fight this Modern Day Epidemic?

Here are a few time tested solutions.

Although we have failed to nip this disease in the bud, we can at least hope to halt its progression.

Read this article to know about the causes of obesity in detail --> https://www.icliniq.com/health-articles/health-topics/diet-and-nutrition/what-is-obesity-what-are-the-reasons-for-it

 

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Last reviewed at:
05 Sep 2019  -  3 min read

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Dr. Alok Vinod Kulkarni

Dr. Alok Vinod Kulkarni

MBBS, DPM (NIMHANS), (MD) Psychiatry

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