Our ears have three portions namely outer, middle, and inner ear. When the inner ear is damaged, sensorineural hearing loss occurs. It is referred to as sensorineural because the inner ear and hearing nerve need to work together for proper hearing.
There are many different conditions which can damage the inner ear, but they are broadly grouped into two types,
It is a type of hearing loss seen at birth. Reasons include:
It is developed at a later stage in life, unlike the congenital type. Reasons include:
A thorough evaluation of the extent of the hearing loss is necessary to be conducted by a hearing health professional who would diagnose the actual type of hearing loss and suggest appropriate treatment.
In case of bilateral hearing loss, which is mild to moderate, hearing aids may help. But, in case of severe hearing loss, even using hearing aids will not help as it would just amplify the distorted sounds and in the presence of background noise, it would lead to more confusion and frustration.
In that case, cochlear implants may be the solution. A cochlear implant is an electronic device that is placed in the ear surgically and stimulates the hearing nerve by converting sound waves directly to electrical impulses.Last reviewed at: 13.Nov.2018