Ear health

Tinnitus - ringing sounds in the ears

Written by
Dr. Vaishali Mehta
and medically reviewed by Dr. Sneha Kannan

Published on May 04, 2014 and last reviewed on Mar 27, 2019   -  1 min read



Tinnitus is the presence of noise or sound in the ear. It can occur due to diseases in the ear or any systemic diseases like high blood pressure. The management involves a thorough hearing testing and further treatment based on the cause.

Tinnitus - ringing sounds in the ears

Tinnitus is ringing sounds in the ears. The person experiencing it may describe it as roaring, humming or a hissing sound in the ears. This kind of noise can be very annoying and disturbing to the one facing this problem. Sometimes it may be so severe, as to disturb the sleep of a person.

Causes of Tinnitus:

  • Tinnitus can occur due to many reasons or no reason at all. If you have wax/ infection/ fluid in ear/ diseases of the middle ear you may experience sounds.
  • Exposure to loud noises and taking harmful medicines damaging inner ear commonly results in tinnitus.
  • People who have high blood pressure, diabetes, and are anemic are also more prone to get tinnitus. Some diseases of the nervous system and tumors can rarely cause tinnitus.
  • More commonly, stress and anxiety play a role in causing or aggravating the existing sounds.


If you have tinnitus, it is important to get a thorough ENT examination. Your doctor will also advise you to undergo hearing tests called audiometry. Whenever possible, the cause of tinnitus needs to be rectified. Your doctor may then put you on anti-anxiety medicines. The important thing would be to not concentrate on the sound and try relaxation techniques.

Patients who have disturbed sleep due to tinnitus will be advised to use a loud clicking clock/high-speed fan in the night. These measures will help mask the existing sounds in the ear. People, who have an associated hearing problem and tinnitus, will benefit from using a hearing aid.

Also, there are some devices called tinnitus maskers are available in the market and they will mask the existing noises in the ear and help you.

Last reviewed at:
27 Mar 2019  -  1 min read




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