Ear health

What is Tinnitus?

Written by Dr. A.k.srivastava and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

 
Image: What is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is a false perception of sound by a person as ringing, buzzing, roaring or hissing sounds in the absence of actual sound.

Causes :

Various conditions giving rise to tinnitus are:

  • Trauma to ear.
  • Noise exposure (sudden exposure to loud sound or prolonged exposure to noise of engines, gensets etc.,).
  • Associated audiovestibular disease (hearing and balance related diseases).
  • Family history.
  • Ototoxic medications (medications that cause damage to the ear and its balance functions)
  • Systemic diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis(MS), cerebrovascular accidents (stroke), neoplasm (tumours), syphilis, neurologic degenerative process as in advancing age.
  • Otological surgeries(ear related surgeries) as a complication.
  • Anxiety, insomnia(loss of sleep) and depression.

Treatment:

There is no cure for tinnitus as such.

Treatment depends on the causative factor for tinnitus. Hence the primary disease has to be treated.

Along with this supportive treatment for tinnitus is necessary.

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018

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