Heart & Circulatory Health

Brain Hemorrhage - Easy to Prevent but Hard to Recover

Written by Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

 

It is very distressing to see the patients dying with brain hemorrhage. Medically, this is called as intracranial bleeding or hemorrhage. A simple cycle leads to this fatal condition. High blood pressure leads to increasing pressure inside the blood vessels, and brain vessel being delicate ruptures leading to hemorrhage or blood flow into the brain. Most commonly, increased blood pressure is the culprit. Most of the time, patients do not recover and succumb to death.

Could we prevent this death? The answer is yes. The simple measure to prevent such death is just to keep the blood pressure under control.

In most of the patients, there is no symptom and person comes to emergency with the history of sudden unconsciousness. When blood pressure is checked, it is found to be elevated, and CT scan shows a large amount of blood in the brain. So, a seemingly normal person dies due to the brain hemorrhage. It is a common presentation of the patients with high blood pressure. Fortunately, some patients get symptoms like headache, dizziness, uncomfortable feeling, chest pain, etc., when their blood pressure rises.

What Can We Do to Prevent Such Death?

As we discussed earlier, we need to control the blood pressure. But, we can control only if we know that we have high blood pressure. So, one has to be vigilant for the symptoms mentioned above. Also, each and every person say in his or her 40s or 50s should get their blood pressure checked periodically. It is more important to be cautious if they have a family history of high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, smoking or other risk factors. If the patient is a known case, then he should check blood pressure more frequently and with any new symptoms.

Measures to Reduce Blood Pressure:

Once detected, we should make changes in our lifestyle to control high blood pressure like low salt diet, regular exercises, reducing weight, having green leafy vegetables, avoiding meat, smoking, and alcohol. Also, along with this, we should regularly take medicines prescribed by the doctor.

The common misconception is that many patients discontinue medicine once blood pressure is controlled because they think it is cured and they do not need medicine. Patient's with blood pressure need to be on medicine life long with the change in dosage at regular intervals.

One should buy an electronic blood pressure apparatus for home BP measurements, as these are more reliable than a single reading taken in the hospital. One should make the chart of blood pressure and get it reviewed by the doctor. Some blood pressure medicines can cause side-effects, but this should be discussed with the doctor and medicine, or dose should be modified, but medicine should not be discontinued on own.

Hope this helps you in increasing your knowledge regarding this condition, and your awareness can save some lives.

To know further about the prevention of intracranial bleeding, consult a brain hemorrhage specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/neuro-surgeon/brain-hemorrhage

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018

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