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Bladder Control Products for Urinary Incontinence

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A prevalent and humiliating issue, incontinence has a significant impact on social and psychological well-being.

Written by

Dr. Aysha Anwar

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Madhav Tiwari

Published At April 17, 2024
Reviewed AtApril 19, 2024

Introduction:

The involuntary leaking of urine is known as urinary incontinence. Although it can also affect males and females in their younger adult years, this medical illness is more common among the elderly, particularly in nursing facilities. Patient health and quality of life may be negatively impacted by urinary incontinence. As some people choose not to disclose to medical professionals that they experience urine incontinence for a variety of reasons, the prevalence may be understated.

Urge, stress, mixed, overflow, and functional incontinence are among the several forms of urine incontinence that can occur. While reversible reasons should be ruled out, urologic or gynecologic testing is typically not required during the initial evaluation. The type of incontinence and the intensity of the symptoms determine how to control urine incontinence.

What Are the Products and Devices Available for Urinary Incontinence?

There are numerous tools and solutions available to treat urine incontinence. Among them are:

  • Pads and trousers.

  • Protection for chairs and beds.

  • Both penile sheaths and catheters.

  • Goods for cleanliness and skin care.

  • Specifically tailored apparel and swimsuits.

1. Pull-up Pants and Pads: The most often used incontinence items are absorbent pads, which are worn inside underwear to absorb pee. Pull-up trousers and pads include a "hydrophobic" coating that pulls pee away from the product's surface, keeping skin dry. This technology is the same as that used in baby diapers.

2. Managing With the Help of Tampons: By putting pressure on the bladder's neck, a tampon placed in the vagina helps prevent leaks during physical activity. But if one has stress incontinence, do not use super-size tampons daily to stop unexpected leaks.

3. Bedding and Appliances: Urinals, urine-collecting devices, or sheaths and drainage systems, if one has a penis, are helpful incontinence goods for more severe leaks. There are also other options for incontinence bedding, like washable bed pads that rest on top of the mattress to absorb any leaks that may occur during the night. The pads are helpful for excursions away from home and remain dry to the touch.

Where Can One Get Products for Incontinence?

The majority of goods are available at neighborhood pharmacies, grocery shops, or medical supply stores. Ask a healthcare provider for a list of incontinence care products.

What Are the Types of Incontinence in the Urine?

1. Stress Urinary Incontinence: When the bladder is suddenly under excessive strain, like when one coughs, one can develop stress incontinence, which is the condition where pee leaks. It has nothing to do with being anxious. Other actions that could result in pee leakage include:

  • Sneezing.

  • Giggling.

  • Heavy lifting.

  • Workout.

Normally, one may pass modest amounts of urine, but if the bladder is extremely full, stress incontinence can occasionally force a person to pass larger amounts.

2. Encourage Incontinence: When one experiences an unexpected, strong urge to urinate and is unable to postpone using the restroom, one is said to have urgency incontinence. Urine often comes out in a matter of seconds after the urge to urinate. An abrupt shift in posture or even the sound of running water can cause one to feel the urge to urinate. Additionally, during sex, especially when one experiences an orgasm, one may leak pee. Overactive bladder syndrome, a collection of symptoms characterized by an overactive bladder muscle, frequently includes this type of incontinence.

What Are the Other Forms of Incontinence in the Urine?

  1. Mixed Urine Leakage: When a person experiences urge incontinence along with stress incontinence, they have mixed incontinence. For instance, one can have strong impulses to urinate and leak pee whenever one coughs or sneezes.

  2. Overflowing Urine: A condition known as overflow incontinence, or chronic urinary retention, occurs when the bladder cannot empty after urination. As a result, the bladder swells larger than usual. If one has overflow incontinence, one may frequently pass tiny pee trickles. It could also feel like they can never really empty their bladder, no matter how hard they try.

  3. Complete Incontinence: Total incontinence is another term for continuous urinary incontinence. If one has total incontinence, urinating frequently may become a regular occurrence, even at night. Alternatively, one might sporadically pass huge volumes of pee and leak lesser amounts in between.

What Are the Symptoms of the Lower Urinary Tract?

The bladder and the urethra, the tube through which urine exits the body, are parts of the lower urinary system. As people age, lower urinary tract symptoms, or LUTS, are increasingly prevalent. They may consist of:

  1. Issues with urine storage, such as the sudden or frequent desire to urinate or the feeling that one should go right away after

  2. Issues with urinating, such as a sluggish stream, straining, or pausing and commencing, may arise after one empties the bladder, such as feeling like one may still have some urine in there or passing a few drips after one thought one was done.

How Is a Diagnosis of Incontinence Made?

Diagnosing incontinence usually begins with a discussion of the medical history of the patient and the problems with bladder control with healthcare professionals.

  1. Physical Examination: Healthcare professionals will usually perform a physical examination early in the diagnosing process.

  2. Urine Samples: A doctor could take urine samples to check for infections or blood. Another name for testing urine is urinalysis.

  3. A Bladder Ultrasound: An ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that employs sound waves to produce an image of the interior organ.

  4. Stress Test: The doctor will ask to cough to check for urine leakage during this test.

  5. Cystoscopy: A cystoscope, a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end, can be placed into the bladder and urethra to acquire a close-up view of the interior of the urinary tract.

  6. Urodynamic Testing: This type of testing includes multiple measures to assess the bladder's capacity and the function of the urethral sphincter, the muscle that closes the urethra.

How Does One Address Incontinence?

A healthcare professional will consider a wide range of issues while developing a care plan for incontinence.

1.Drugs Used to Address Incontinence: Numerous drugs can lessen leakage. A few of these medications help to calm the muscle spasms that lead to overactive bladder issues. Medication can often be a very effective way to get the bladder functioning normally again.

  • Tolterodine.

  • Solifenacin.

  • Fesoterodine.

  • Darifenacin.

  • Oxybutynin.

Modifying one's lifestyle to control incontinence:

  • Occasionally, making adjustments to daily routine can help with incontinence. These adjustments frequently involve improved eating, altered routines, and workouts to strengthen pelvic floor muscles.

  • One way to help improve incontinence is to adjust one’s lifestyle by emptying one’s bladder before engaging in physical activity and refraining from lifting large objects.

  • Steer clear of lifting large objects.

  • Avoid consuming large amounts of drinks or coffee before beginning an exercise.

  • Using underwear and other items made to capture pee leaks.

  • Preserving a healthy weight.

One can also utilize some at-home devices to assist with incontinence.

  • Vaginal Insert: Women experiencing stress incontinence may get relief from it by using over-the-counter devices that compress the urethra in the vagina.

Conclusion:

Urinary incontinence can seriously hamper everyday life. Various factors can cause it, and it is not an inevitable consequence of aging. There are numerous alternatives for treatment. The physician can advise on the best action to recover bladder control.

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Dr. Madhav Tiwari
Dr. Madhav Tiwari

General Surgery

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urinary incontinence
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