17 Jul 2019 - 4 min read
Emergency contraceptive pills have recently flooded the market and Unwanted 72 is one among them. It is necessary to know detailed information regarding the drug. This article provides the answers to all the doubts and questions you have in your mind regarding this pill.
Unwanted 72 is an emergency contraceptive pill that is to be taken to prevent an unplanned pregnancy after having unprotected sex. It is also known as morning-after pill.
It has a chemical composition of Levonorgestrel. It is to be taken as a single dose tablet with water after food. It is not necessary to take it in the morning or at any particular time of the day. But, it is considered to be most effective when taken within 24 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. This is supposed to be sold under prescription but currently, it is available over-the-counter too and hence proper knowledge about the drug is necessary to prevent any unwanted side effects.
Unwanted 72 contains a hormone in high dose, inactivating LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicular stimulating hormone), and it ultimately makes the lining of the uterus unfavorable for implantation of fertilized egg and ovulation too. It thus works by stopping pregnancy after sex. It takes three days (72 hours) for pregnancy to occur after fertilization, which is what this pill stops from occurring. It does not terminate a pregnancy that has already occurred. So, it is important to take it in the stipulated time frame as directed by your doctor. In case of vomiting within three hours of taking Unwanted 72, it may not work, and another tablet is to be repeated.
Unwanted 72 tablet is to be taken within 72 hours of the act of penetration for it to be most effective. It helps to prevent pregnancy in case of:
Breakage or slipping of the condom.
Emergency contraceptive pills are popular due to their convenience of getting them over-the-counter, effectiveness in preventing pregnancy, ease of availability, affordability, confidentiality, and also because they are suitable to be used after an unexpected episode of intercourse where no type of protection was planned ahead.
Although minimal, common side effects include hormonal imbalance, abdominal pain, breast tenderness, nausea, vomiting, menstrual irregularities,change in mood, dizziness and fatigue. There can be long-term side effects if used chronically, like irregular periods, allergies of skin, swelling of lips, tongue, eyelids, hands and feet, ectopic pregnancy, hair loss, infections of ear, nose, and throat, ovaries can be damaged or imbalance in hormones.
They can cause extensive delay in periods, heavy bleeding and/or spotting in between periods. Sometimes, it may also cause early periods. And usually the heavy bleeding can be associated with pain.It is also possible that certain medications that you are taking can counteract while taking Unwanted 72 and thus, either the effects of one or both can be diminished. Certain drugs which are expected to interact are Griseofulvin, Barbiturates, Carbamazepine, etc. Hence, it is always better to consult your physician regarding the medicines you are taking and this drug before taking it.
As Unwanted 72 is a hormonal tablet meant for emergency purposes, they have to be used only in such one-off situations and not as a regular mode of contraception. Condoms or oral contraceptive pills (lower dose hormones) are more reliable forms of long-term birth control. An emergency pill can mess with your reproductive system if taken on a regular basis. It is advised not to take them more than twice in a span of six months. Also, it is important to take note that ECP does not offer protection from sexually transmitted infections, and only a condom (barrier method) can provide that.
The other precaution is that this should not be taken when you are pregnant or planning pregnancy. Although this drug has not shown any major side effects in the breastfeeding mother or child, it is advisable to take them after consulting your gynecologist.
A change in the pattern of menstrual cycles for up to three cycles is a common occurrence after taking ECP. The period may come in early or be delayed from the expected date. The bleeding following a pill intake is known as withdrawal bleeding. Once the bleeding occurs, it is certain that pregnancy has been prevented. But, if there is a slight delay by up to seven days, it is advisable to test for pregnancy on or after the expected date of menses. If there is a considerable delay (more than seven days since the expected date of menses), it is necessary to consult a specialist to rule out pregnancy as well as other gynecological conditions by means of a pelvic ultrasound or transvaginal scan.
It is necessary to know the difference between withdrawal bleeding and implantation bleeding. Though both can look the same, there are some differences you can look for. Implantation bleeding will appear lighter in color, water-like consistency, more like spotting and no heavy bleeding or any clots can be associated with mild cramps and lasts for merely one to two days. It is always better to consult your gynecologist to get it confirmed.
Although rare, it is possible to still get pregnant after taking the pill. But, it is to be noted that no type of contraception is 100 % effective.
The effectiveness of Unwanted 72 goes down with time as follows:
Do not take Unwanted 72 if:
You are already pregnant.
You are allergic to Levonorgestrel.
You have a history of heart problems.
You are on medication for high blood pressure.
You take other health supplements.
You were diagnosed with breast cancer.
You have suffered a stroke.
You have any genetic disorder related to blood and a lymphatic system like porphyria.
Certain situations are totally out of our hand, and fortunately, we have a solution to them when it comes to pregnancy, unprotected sex, and emergency pills. But, as every coin has two faces, it is always better to have proper knowledge before taking one. And when in doubt, it is always better to consult your gynecologist or general physician to get the required knowledge and with the help of online medical platforms, it has become much more easy and confidential.
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